Daylily Is The Smile Of The Sun. Krasodnev. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Photo

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Daylily Is The Smile Of The Sun. Krasodnev. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Photo
Daylily Is The Smile Of The Sun. Krasodnev. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Photo

Video: Daylily Is The Smile Of The Sun. Krasodnev. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Photo

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Video: Daylilies 2023, January
Anonim

Daylilies are considered unpretentious, hardy plants that do not require careful maintenance. It is assumed that they can grow and bloom for many years without requiring transplants or shelter for the winter. In recent years, interest in them has especially grown due to the fact that a stream of new, previously unknown varieties with simple or double flowers of various shapes and colors poured into Russia.

Day-lily
Day-lily

Content:

  • Daylily description
  • Landing place
  • Daylily care
  • Difficult daylily variety selection

Daylily description

More than 50 thousand varieties of daylilies have already been created, one more interesting than the other. Of course, not all of them are available to our amateur flower growers. Usually, the choice is limited by the fact that intermediary firms bring from Poland, Holland or Canada. Lovers who have heard that daylilies grow almost like weeds have already managed to acquire the most spectacular plants and began to wait for the miraculous transformation of their flower beds.

However, the hopes of some enthusiasts were not destined to come true. Newcomers from Western countries were not always as undemanding as the species daylilies with yellow or orange flowers familiar from childhood. Now, in the voices of buyers at garden fairs, notes of disappointment are more and more often heard: for some growers, even 5-year-old plants have never bloomed, for others, you can count the leaves on your fingers.

I must say that most of the time these claims are unfounded. There is no doubt that the plants do not bloom, but the daylilies are not to blame for this, but their inexperienced owners.

Day-lily
Day-lily

Landing place

First of all, check if the landing site is sufficiently lit. Daylilies can grow in partial shade. But in our climate, they bloom fully only in sunny areas. When shaded, the plants either refuse to bloom at all, or form a small number of small flowers. Often, the daylily, which used to bloom beautifully, changes its habits, finding itself under the canopy of an overgrown tree or a new building.

Linearians are able to survive in a wide variety of conditions. But only on loose, loamy, drained soil, rich in organic matter, they appear in all their splendor. Dry sandy or heavy clay soil must be improved by adding compost or well-rotted manure. Daylilies grown on fertile soil emit more flower stalks with numerous buds, their flowers are larger.

Low, swampy areas, where water stagnates for a long time after rains, are completely unsuitable for planting varietal daylilies. In such places, you can try to plant plants on raised ridges.

Daylilies are quite peaceful and get along well in mixborders with other perennials. But the proximity to trees and large shrubs has a bad effect on their condition and flowering. The aggressive root system of high competitors quickly takes away moisture and nutrients from poor daylilies. Do not make your favorite flowers suffer, transplant them away from the aggressors, and they will completely transform.

In central Russia, it is best to plant or transplant daylilies in May or August. Don't be tempted to buy cheap daylilies in late September or October. A late planted plant may not have time to take root until frost. It will either die in the winter, or it will be sick for a long time next summer. There is no time for flowering.

Another common mistake is the excessive deepening of the growth point. It is known that daylilies planted at a depth of more than 3 cm bloom worse. If you try very hard and pour a layer of soil 8-10 cm thick over the growth point, the bush may completely refuse to bloom. To avoid these troubles, it is advisable to check the planting depth every spring and, if necessary, to shake off the soil from the bases of the bushes, and sometimes even raise or replant the plants.

Day-lily
Day-lily

Daylily care

Daylilies do not require complex care. But to get the maximum effect, you will have to provide them with minimal amenities.

The flowers will be larger if the plants get enough moisture. Watering is especially important in spring, early summer and during flowering. Instead of watering often and little by little, it is better to do it every week or even once every 2 weeks, but abundantly. Mulching with compost will help to retain moisture. The soil at a depth of 8-10 cm should be constantly slightly moist, then the daylilies will feel comfortable and will please with good flowering.

Remember to pick off any withered daylilies. Plants that do not have to spend energy on seed formation will demonstrate their splendor to the fullest.

Regular application of complex mineral fertilizer will help increase the number of buds on the peduncles. Usually daylilies are fed twice: in early spring and immediately after flowering. It is not recommended to use fertilizers with a high nitrogen content for the first time. This can lead to increased leaf growth at the expense of flowering. Feeding after flowering plays an important role: it influences the setting of new buds and ensures the maximum effect in the coming year.

Many have seen large perennial clumps of daylilies. They continue to bloom, but their stalks are usually shorter and their flowers are smaller. You can restore the former beauty by separating the overgrown bushes in time. It is best to do this every 5-6 years. Delenki with 3-4 rosettes of leaves bloom in the next season.

Day-lily
Day-lily

Difficult daylily variety selection

Often, novice growers buy daylilies, focusing only on a beautiful picture. However, you need to try to get detailed information from the seller, since the reason for poor flowering is often precisely the wrong choice of the variety. For example, evergreen varieties grown in warmer regions of the United States may not survive our winter. Surviving plants sometimes recover with difficulty only towards the end of summer, when it is too late to bloom.

It is better for flower growers without experience to start with sleeping daylilies, whose foliage dies off for the winter - they are reliable and hardy. If you are faced with a choice between ordinary diploids and artificially obtained tetraploids, keep in mind that the latter differ in larger and brighter flowers, but, as a rule, grow more slowly.

Day-lily
Day-lily

Pay attention to the timing of flowering. Our summer is short, and some late flowering varieties do not have time to bloom. It is better to purchase daylilies with an early, medium or, in extreme cases, mid-late flowering period. The ability of these plants to bloom again, when, after short periods of rest, the bushes are again covered with flowers, also depends on climatic conditions. In central Russia, repeated flowering of many remontant varieties can be observed only in rare cases. Among the few exceptions is the Stella de Oro variety, which blooms regularly 2-3 times during the summer.

When you evaluate the decorativeness of different varieties, remember that a small division with one rosette of leaves is unlikely to bloom magnificently in the next season after planting. You need to be patient and wait 2 or even 3 years.

Materials used:

The best perennials for your garden are N. Chaplygina, candidate of biological sciences

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