Palm Trees, Variety Of Species. Growing At Home. Photo

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Palm Trees, Variety Of Species. Growing At Home. Photo
Palm Trees, Variety Of Species. Growing At Home. Photo

Video: Palm Trees, Variety Of Species. Growing At Home. Photo

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Video: Types of Palms 2023, January
Anonim

Without plants, any room seems dull and lifeless. Plants bring life, create atmosphere and are more than just a decoration of the room, because they create a completely different, completely new dimension and beauty in the room. Palm trees are not the only elements of interior decoration, but, above all, they are living organisms that require certain conditions for their maintenance. For their life and development, light, water, heat and feeding are needed, as well as all these elements in certain proportions. About the types of palm trees and the features of caring for them - our article.

Indoor palm
Indoor palm

Content:

  • General tips for growing palms at home
  • Types of indoor palm trees

General tips for growing palms at home

Reproduction and transplantation

Palm trees are propagated by sowing freshly harvested seeds, and some species are propagated by offspring. Seeds germinate at 25-35 ° C. They are sown in pots with a mixture of sand or moss and sawdust.

A thick drainage layer is placed on the bottom of the pots, to which pieces of charcoal are added. The germination time of seeds depends on the species and can last from several days to several months. For example, the seeds of pritchardia germinate in 9-12 days, date palm - 30-50 days, hamerops - 45-60, coconut - 150-180 days.

Transplant palms in the spring before starting to grow. Young plants are reloaded annually, old ones - after 3-4 years. When transplanting, it is impossible to damage the roots (cut roots almost always die off in indoor conditions), but decayed roots must be removed by cutting off with a sharp knife to healthy tissue. The soil after planting must be compacted.

In some palms (date, kentiya), the main roots rise very high from the ground, so special tall and narrow pots or boxes are used for deeper planting. To protect the roots protruding from the ground from drying out, they are covered with moss.

Young plants are planted in lighter soil - a mixture of 2 parts of leaf and 1 part of humus with the addition of sand (about 1/6 of the total volume of the mixture). During subsequent transplants, heavy turf soil and large, horny shavings are added to this mixture at the rate of 3-4 kg per 1 m³ of land.

Temperature regime

In winter, thermophilic palms are kept at + 14 … + 16 ° С, the rest - at + 8 … + 10 ° С. To enhance growth in the spring-summer period, fertilizing with organic fertilizers is used.

Lighting

Palm trees are very light-requiring, and therefore they are placed as close to the windows as possible (as far as the leaves allow). In the summer, they are shaded from direct sunlight (light curtains), otherwise burns appear on the leaves.

Airing

During the airing of the rooms in winter, make sure that the plants do not freeze. Drafts must not be allowed. The optimum temperature for growth is + 16 … + 18 ° С, at a higher temperature the air in the room becomes drier, and the tips of the leaves of the palms dry out.

To prevent this phenomenon, in addition to maintaining a moderate temperature, plants are often washed and their leaves are sprayed with water. The dried ends of the leaves are cut off without affecting healthy tissue. The entire leaf, when drying or aging, is cut off only when the petiole turns yellow.

A palm tree can decorate any interior
A palm tree can decorate any interior

Watering

On sunny summer days, palm trees are watered abundantly, so that there is always water in the sump, but before each new watering, stagnant water is drained from the pallets. It is advisable to water it always with warm water (about + 20 … + 30 ° С).

For better growth in the summer, in the morning or in the evening, the leaves are heavily sprayed, in the winter they are wiped with a soft sponge dipped in warm water 2 times a month, and it is better to rinse with a mild soapy solution at first. Date palms, hamerops and parachardia for the summer can be taken out to the balcony or to the garden, to the open air. More delicate palms (kentia and patching) shade.

Palm trees are widely used for landscaping premises, sometimes for planting in flower beds and lawns. It is better to keep young plants in living rooms, and those that have grown from seeds in indoor conditions will be more adaptable.

Types of indoor palm trees

Brachea (Brahea edulis)

It is a large palm tree that grows rapidly. Its trunk is strong, dark brown in color, the leaves are fan-shaped, saturated green, located at the top of the trunk, forming a crown.

In its homeland, this type of palm tree has practically disappeared, but in other countries it has taken root perfectly, both as a street plant and as a houseplant. The minimum t that a tree can withstand is +8 degrees, but it is better not to lower it to that level. Choose a sandy-clayey soil, not too wet. The air humidity does not need to be artificially increased. Watering - not too plentiful, but regular.

Brahea palm (Brahea edulis)
Brahea palm (Brahea edulis)

Care features

In our country, the brachea is a frequent visitor - in apartments and houses. It must be kept away from sunny places so that the sun does not fall on the delicate leaves of the palm tree. But you don't need to hide it in dark rooms either - everything should be in moderation.

Brachea is well suited for growing at home - it is unpretentious and will not die if you forget to water it. It also tolerates relatively low temperatures. To propagate this palm, you need to collect the seeds that appear in the inflorescences and plant them. They germinate long enough - several months.

Butia (Butia capitata)

It is a large, slow growing, solitary palm with a sturdy, gray trunk and a loose, elegantly curved crown of leaves. Fruiting specimens are also found in nature. It grows mainly in Brazil and Uruguay, on sandy soils.

Withstands frost from -8 to -12 ° C. Requires sunshine, moderate water in winter, adequate in summer, moderate nutrients. Can be grown at home.

Butia palm (Butia capitata)
Butia palm (Butia capitata)

Care features

The palm tree is a thermophilic plant, therefore, in order to grow it at home, it is necessary to provide it with a normal temperature - best of all about +20 degrees. Summer also requires a lot of humidity - the palm tree needs to be constantly watered and sprayed. In winter, watering should be rare. Once every 3-4 years, the palm tree must be replanted, changing the land. You also need to regularly prune dry or diseased branches and leaves.

The palm tree propagates by seed. In order to grow an adult palm from seeds, you need to plant the seeds in pots with soil, constantly keeping the soil moist. Before planting the seeds, soak them in warm water for 24 hours and cut the shell. Then the sprouted palms must be planted in separate pots.

Washingtonia

Main types of trees - two: Washingtonia filifera (Washingtonia filifera) and Washingtonia robustra (Washingtonia robusta).

The first is a massive fan-shaped palm tree from the arid southwestern United States. Large gray-green leaves and a strong gray trunk are considered its distinguishing features. The palm tree can tolerate cold as low as -8 ° C. The trunk can be up to 1 m in diameter. The maximum height of this palm tree is 15 m, but at home it will be much lower.

The second palm is much thinner. The maximum height of the tree is 22 m; it grows mainly in Mexico. The palm tree is fan-shaped, white veins pass on the leaves, there may be orange thorns. The leaves are purple in color.

Palm Washingtonia filifera
Palm Washingtonia filifera

Care features

In order to grow this palm, it is necessary to keep the room warm. You don't need too much water, water the plant as needed. In winter, watering should be reduced.

Planting should be done in a tall pot. It is advisable to place the palm tree in a lighted place, but make sure that direct rays do not fall on the leaves. Dried leaves must be removed in time. At home, the palm tree grows well, and caring for it is not too difficult.

Gioforba (Hyophorbe verschaffeltii)

This palm tree grows on islands in the Indian Ocean. It is small in size - its height is no more than 7 m. The trunk of the palm is smooth, with a thickening in the middle. The fan-shaped leaves are composed of feathery parts that give the plant an elegant look. At home, this palm tree is practically not found, but it is often grown at home. In the apartment, the gioforba decorates and refreshes the room. High humidity is desirable for it.

Palm Gioforba (Hyophorbe verschaffeltii)
Palm Gioforba (Hyophorbe verschaffeltii)

Care features

The palm tree needs to be kept warm. It grows well in bright areas, but leaves should be protected from sunlight. The palm is quite demanding - it needs to be sprayed daily with water with a low lime content, the temperature and lighting are maintained.

With insufficient care, gioforb can get sick or die. Dying leaves will be the first sign of plant disease. Low indoor humidity is usually the main mistake. You can put an aquarium next to the plant.

Because the palm tree grows slowly, then it will also recover slowly. But if you cope with all the features of care, you will get a beautiful and unusual home plant.

Hamedorea (Chamaedorea)

A palm tree native to Central America. It grows in mountain forests, reaching a height of up to 5 m, has a smooth green trunk. The panicles have a large number of dark green feather leaves that look noticeably rolled up. Hamedorea blooms already in the early years of life and then forms panicles with spherical flowers, from cream to yellow.

In general, thanks to its easy cultivation and hassle-free care, it is the most popular indoor palm. It can tolerate shade, dry air and can withstand occasional or abundant watering. Anyone who manages to lead this easy-to-care palm tree to death should buy only artificial plants in the future.

Palm of Hamedorea (Chamaedorea)
Palm of Hamedorea (Chamaedorea)

Care features

Sufficiently plentiful watering of the chamedorea is necessary all year round - its earthen lump should constantly be slightly moist, the soil should not completely dry out between waterings. It is important to remember that the frequency of watering depends on humidity, air temperature in the room where the plant is located, and a number of other factors. Therefore, we recommend that before watering, check the soil moisture at a depth of about two phalanxes of a finger, especially at first, until you determine in practice how often chamedorea will need watering in your home. For watering and spraying, use only settled water (it must be defended for at least 12 hours).

Lighting is moderate, but a source of natural light or phytolamp is required. Hamedorea should be protected from direct sunlight, especially in summer. The bright sun causes the leaves to burn out, they become pale.

Top dressing is required in the spring-summer period every two weeks. During the rest period from November to February - once a month with a half dose of fertilizer. You can use a universal fertilizer or a special fertilizer for palms. Fertilizer is applied only to wet soil immediately after watering.

The transplant is recommended in the spring.

Caryota

A short palm tree with a slender brown trunk. Its leaves are of an unusual shape - double, which hang down. This palm tree blooms once a year, inflorescences appear along the trunk, from top to bottom.

Cariota is distributed throughout South Asia and, above all, in the tropics. It is a very popular garden and park tree. As a houseplant, Cariota is also found quite often. She will decorate any room or office. At home, the palm tree is not too demanding, but you need to know the basic parameters of care.

Palm Caryota
Palm Caryota

Care features

Cariota is a very adaptable and really hardy houseplant. It can withstand fairly low temperatures and low air humidity. Plants grow very quickly under good conditions. For ideal conditions, palm trees require sufficient water, medium to high humidity.

For optimal plant care, it is necessary to use special nutrients and fertilizers; plant a palm tree in soil with a high humus content. Kariota loves lighted and warm rooms, but the direct hit of the rays on the leaves can lead to their disease and death.

Livistona

It is a palm tree that does not grow very quickly at moderate temperatures, and is native to the island of Java. But if you provide a palm tree with a high temperature, good lighting in the room and air humidity, the palm tree will grow much faster. It reaches a height of up to 15 m and has a smooth gray trunk.

The palm tree is fan-shaped, with light green leaves. Today it is one of the most popular indoor plants, because it is not too demanding. The palm tree is quite frost-resistant, it does not need to be fertilized often.

Livistona palm
Livistona palm

Care features

The soil should be loosened regularly. It is necessary to water it regularly, but not too abundantly, preferably with settled water. Water high in limescale can kill your plant. It is good to maintain high humidity in the room, spray the leaves with water.

The room should be well lit, but too much sun is discouraged. With a lot of sun exposure, the leaves of the plant will dry out and become stained. For normal maintenance it is necessary to keep warm, not lower than + 20 ° C. At low temperatures, the palm tree will start to hurt and may simply die.

Rapis (Rhapis)

It is a small, bush-like palm tree, with a growth not exceeding 3 m. It has a thin trunk and separated thin rigid leaves. Flowers are yellow, fruits rarely appear. The birthplace of rapeseed is China. It grows slowly, but as a houseplant it has no equal.

The palm tree tolerates a lack of light and dry air well. For wintering, it is necessary to place the palm in a cool or cold room. The varieties of this palm are very similar, so they are often confused. The varieties include Rhapis excels, Rhapis humilis, and Rhapis subtilis.

Palm Rapis (Rhapis)
Palm Rapis (Rhapis)

Care features

The palm should be planted in sour, loose soil. It is not too demanding on water, but it must be watered with settled or filtered water. Humidity is encouraged, but not required. Palma prefers not too lit rooms, because with direct exposure to sunlight, it begins to hurt.

Rapese is quite resistant to low temperatures - it can withstand up to -8 ° C, but the most optimal temperature will be from + 15 ° C to + 20 ° C. In summer, rapese can be taken outside, but choose a location so that the palm tree is in partial shade. Usually, even beginners do not have any special problems with its content.

Hamerops (Chamaerops)

It is a slow growing, robust palm tree native to the Mediterranean region. It reaches a maximum height of 5 m. The trunk is covered with brown fibers. The leaves are dark green, very hard and dense. The stems of the leaves have thorns. In most cases, a palm tree has several trunks that are closely spaced. The palm tree easily gets used to home conditions, if you follow the recommendations for caring for it.

Palm Hamerops (Chamaerops)
Palm Hamerops (Chamaerops)

Care features

The soil must be very loose. Watering is necessary regularly, but not plentiful. Increased soil moisture can contribute to root rot. The room that contains the palm tree should be sunny. Hamerops is quite hardy, it tolerates both high and low temperatures (down to -10 ° C). If the temperature is lower, you need to take care of the roots of the plant by wrapping them in foil.

For wintering, the palm tree must be placed in a room, the optimal temperature will be about + 5 ° C. Plants can be placed in a dark place for the winter. At the end of the cold weather, it must be placed again in the lighted space. Regular transplant is required.

This is just a small number of palms that you can grow at home and then enjoy the beauty of these unusual plants. From the smallest to the largest, from the colored ones to the bright greens, in general, you can pick a palm tree to your liking.

I would also like to know your experience in growing these beauties. Write about it in the comments to the article.

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