Forest mallow, Zenciver (Malva sylvestris) is a new medicinal culture that is now being actively studied. It is included in the list of known plants containing a large amount of mucous substances, is distinguished by high productivity and the possibility of mechanized cultivation.
This plant is biennial in height from 30 to 100 cm with a pronounced main shoot, in addition to which there are also lateral ones. The leaves are kidney-shaped, harsh-haired, the flowers are five-membered, pink or purple, 30-40 mm in diameter, the subchapter is three-lobed. In the wild, it grows among bushes, in light forests, gardens, along roads, in kitchen gardens, yards.
The forest mallow has a high seed productivity - 2-3 thousand seeds, collected in 12 pieces, are formed on one plant. In culture, forest mallow tolerates spring frosts well, but reacts negatively to drought, so it must be sown early. In the case of a high agricultural background, the optimal sowing depth should be 2 cm.The seeding rate is 5-7 kg of seeds per hectare with a row spacing of 60 cm.
Much depends on the climatic conditions of the year and moisture in the stalking phase. On sod-podzolized soils, forest mallow responds positively to fertilizers. The most effective combination of the main application of fertilizers for plowing and two additional fertilizing - phosphoric during sowing and nitrogen in the stalking phase.
The optimal timing for the procurement of medicinal raw materials is the flowering phase. In our conditions, you can get two cuttings of high quality raw materials.
Herb containing polysaccharides is considered a medicinal raw material.
In medicine, the roots, leaves and flowers of forest mallow are usually used. Preparations from the whole plant (above- and below-ground) have an effective soothing, softening and expectorant effect. They treat bronchitis, cough (dry, strong), hoarseness. Helps as an enveloping agent in inflammatory processes in the stomach, intestines, especially accompanied by diarrhea.
A decoction of the roots is taken orally when the liver has hardened and in the form of poultices - for the treatment of ulcers, breast tumors, scrofulous tumors. A decoction of the roots and aerial parts - for heart diseases.
The essence of freshly harvested flowering plants is used in homeopathy.
In veterinary medicine, Zenciver flowers and leaves are used as an enveloping, anti-inflammatory and expectorant agent for inflammation of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract. Decoction of roots - for poultices with swelling of the legs and joints.