Caring For The Codiaum. Reproduction Of Codiaum Variegated. Cuttings, Layering, Seeds. Photo

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Caring For The Codiaum. Reproduction Of Codiaum Variegated. Cuttings, Layering, Seeds. Photo
Caring For The Codiaum. Reproduction Of Codiaum Variegated. Cuttings, Layering, Seeds. Photo

Video: Caring For The Codiaum. Reproduction Of Codiaum Variegated. Cuttings, Layering, Seeds. Photo

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Video: CROTON CARE | Codiaeum Variegatum Care Tips & Tricks 2023, January
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Codiaum is an evergreen shrub with unusually beautiful leathery leaves of various shapes (lanceolate, oval, spiral) and of various colors. The plant can simultaneously have leaves painted in yellow, orange, green, red and dark purple. The final configuration and color of the leaves are formed only with age. Indoors, codiaum blooms very rarely. Its flowers are collected in axillary inflorescences. They are inconspicuous and have no decorative value.

Variegated codiaum
Variegated codiaum

In room culture, the most popular is Codiaum variegated, which came to us from India. This is a tall (up to 3 m) ornamental shrub with beautiful alternately arranged leaves up to 30 cm long. The shape of the leaves of variegated codiaum can be varied, and their color is both monochromatic and variegated. With age, the shape and color of the leaves change greatly. There are many varieties and hybrid forms of this plant that are great for decorating interiors.

Caring for variegated codiaum

The motley codiaum is unpretentious, but requires constant care, attention and care, which it more than compensates for with its bright beauty and unique charm.

Codiaum is grown in bright rooms, protecting it from direct sunlight. This culture is thermophilic, therefore, in winter, it is not recommended to allow the air temperature to drop below + 16 ° C. In the summer, codiaeum requires moderate watering, without drying out the upper layer of the substrate; by winter, watering is reduced.

Variegated codiaum
Variegated codiaum

Reproduction of codiaum

The codiaum is propagated by apical cuttings, air layers, seeds.

Reproduction of variegated codiaum by cuttings

Cuttings 9-10 cm long (preferably with one bud and two leaves) are cut from well-ripened lignified shoots. The upper cut is made at right angles and sprinkled with finely chopped charcoal. Cuttings of codiaum are placed for a while in warm water with the addition of charcoal to wash out the milky sap secreted by the plant. Then they are dried, and to improve rooting, the lower part is treated with growth stimulants - phytohormones. To reduce moisture evaporation, the leaves are tied with a tube. Cuttings of variegated codiaum can be planted in flower pots or placed in cups of water, but it is better to germinate them in a mini-greenhouse, in which you need to maintain an optimal soil temperature of 30C, air 25C.

In a small (up to 12 cm in diameter) pot, you can place 2-3 codiaum cuttings. To do this, recesses are made in the substrate with an ordinary pencil, into which prepared cuttings are inserted. The soil at the base is slightly compacted with the same pencil. A mixture of peat or sphagnum with fine sand is used as a soil. The substrate is kept moist at all times. The pots are covered with plastic bags or glass jars and placed in a warm place, such as a window sill, which is heated by a heating device.

Cuttings of codiaum planted in pots or greenhouses must be sprayed daily. Rooted cuttings can be transplanted into individual containers after a month and a half.

Variegated codiaum
Variegated codiaum

Reproduction of variegated codiaum by air layers

Propagation by air layers is carried out when the trunk and branches of the codiaum are very bare. Summer is the best time for this procedure. On the lignified stem, 15 cm from the top, a circular incision 1 cm wide is made. At this point, the codiaum cuttings will begin to form their own roots. The cut must be treated with a rooting stimulant (heteroauxin, root) and wrapped in wet peat or sphagnum, with polyethylene on top. Keep the substrate moist for 1 or 1.5 months, until roots appear. When the roots reach 5 cm, the layers are cut off and transplanted into an individual container, covering at first with a bag or jar.

An air layer can be obtained by bending the lignified shoot of the codiaum to the soil and attaching it with a pin in the place where the roots need to be obtained, sprinkle it with soil on top. When young leaves appear, the cuttings are separated from the mother's branch and transplanted into a new pot.

Reproduction of variegated codiaum by seeds

Seed propagation is rarely used by flower growers, since it is difficult to carry out in indoor conditions, although it is real. To do this, the seeds of codiaum are soaked in phytohormones and sown in a mini-greenhouse, without embedding in the substrate, simply pressing slightly with your hand. To maintain the required moisture content, the seeds are covered with foil or glass. The first shoots of codiaum appear in a month.

Variegated codiaum
Variegated codiaum

Problems and solutions

The decorative qualities of the leaves may deteriorate if the plant does not have enough light. To solve the problem, the codiaum should be placed closer to the light source or fluorescent or sodium sources of additional lighting should be installed.

If the leaves turn yellow and fall on the plant, this usually indicates the presence of a spider mite on the lower leaf plate. The plant must be sprayed twice with warm water, if necessary, treated with insecticides.

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