Table of contents:
- The health benefits of chili peppers
- The origin of hot peppers
- Chile agrotechnology
- Harvesting hot peppers
- Chili peppers
Video: Growing Chili Peppers. In The Garden And At Home On The Windowsill. Photo
It's no secret that our beds fit a lot of vegetable crops in their (sometimes very scanty) open spaces. What do we not strive to grow on our own: tomatoes, potatoes, zucchini, cucumbers, blue ones and, of course, peppers. Speaking about the latter, it is worth paying attention to the fact that here our choice often becomes rather modest: we forget that besides sweet vegetable peppers, there are other equally useful varieties, for example, hot chili peppers. Or maybe we bypass it because we do not know anything about its beneficial properties? Let's take a closer look at the hot pepper!
The health benefits of chili peppers
Turning to the beneficial properties of chili peppers, the first thing you should pay attention to is their saturation with capsaicin - a fairly rare alkaloid that has a burning taste and a number of healing properties. Its main advantages include the ability to cause massive death of malignant cells in the human body by suppressing the work of mitochondria, which provide these cells with energy. In addition, chili peppers are a source of carotenoids (there is no need to talk about their importance in our diet), as well as fatty oils, sugars, potassium, magnesium, iron, vitamins A, B, B6 and C.
Due to its chemical composition, chili perfectly thins the blood, improves blood formation, stimulates the resorption of blood clots, removes toxins from the body, restores ovarian function, lowers cholesterol, regulates insulin production, and increases brain performance. Constant consumption of it in food (it does not matter in raw or dried form) accelerates metabolism, heals the intestinal microflora, provokes acceleration of food digestion, strengthens the immune system.
Using it as a seasoning, you can quickly reduce weight. In most southern countries, not a single cuisine can do without chili - this product and its derivatives are so valuable and useful!
The origin of hot peppers
Chili peppers came to our beds from South and Central America. Having taken over the world with its popularity, it has become a mass-grown crop and has achieved the highest yields in most warm climates. It is distinguished from the usual sweet congener by increased bushiness, high yield potential, small size and elongated shape of fruits, decorative effect. It is because of these qualities that chili is often grown as an indoor crop. Today, he has in his list hundreds of diverse varieties that differ not only in the degree of pungency, but also in color, size, shape. In general, chili belongs to the cayenne pepper group and is included in the hot pepper variety.
Agrotechnical methods for growing chili peppers are practically no different from sweet peppers. It is also sown on seedlings, dived, hardened, and only with full confidence in the absence of recurrent frosts and the plants reaching 10-15 cm in height (this is about two months after sowing the seeds), they are planted in open ground.
In colder areas, it is preferable to grow chili in greenhouses, planting plants in beds or pots. The first method gives a stronger formation of the bush and a richer harvest, but the second provides an opportunity to take the formed plants home for the period of cold weather in order to decorate winter windowsills with them.
The only and main feature of chili care is its tendency to form a powerful bush and continuous flowering. Based on these morphological qualities, it is possible to help plants in formation by pinching the apical buds and removing excess flowers. The first method allows you to increase the decorative effect of the bush, the second - the size and quality of the fruit. However, if you do not touch the chili, they will cope with both tasks on their own, except perhaps by forming smaller peppers.
It is worth knowing that all hot peppers are responsive to fertilizers. For this reason, it is good to grow them on pre-manured beds or feed them weekly from the moment the first fruits are formed with ash, or any other top dressing used for tomatoes.
Regular watering of the peppers of this group is also considered good care. It should be remembered that the chili root system, despite its fibrous structure, is capable of reaching sufficient depth, so irrigation of the crop should not be superficial, but rather abundant. And if chili grows in a pot, then often - up to twice a day (at elevated temperatures). At the same time, plants do not like moisture on leaves and fruits, but only at the root.
To prevent chili bushes from breaking under the weight of their own harvest, especially abundant fruiting varieties must be tied to supports and ripe pods must be collected in time.
And more … If you have the opportunity, fertile chili can be saved for growing next year. To do this, the ripened plants, after harvesting the last fruits, must be transplanted into volumetric pots, cut at a height of 10-15 cm and put in a cellar or any other non-freezing room until spring. Planted in the garden next year, such peppers will form a green mass much faster and will lay the harvest much earlier and in greater volume.
Harvesting hot peppers
A feature of chili is the gradual ripening of the crop. But this is also its advantage, because the fruits of this pepper can be used both fully ripe and unripe. Moreover, the more ripe the peppers, the more pungent their taste and the more sweetness they have.
Closer to autumn, it is recommended to harvest chili peppers unripe. This will not particularly affect the quality of the crop, the peppercorns will ripen at home, but the plants will be able to form an additional crop.
When picking peppercorns, remember that it is better to pinch or trim them with scissors, as pulling off the bush can damage the branches and put the pepper into a state of stress.
Chili peppers are used in several forms: dried, dried and fresh. If everything is clear with fresh, then a few words can be said about the rest.
First, there are spices. Usually they are a mixture of spices not only complementing each other in terms of taste, but also enhancing the aroma and promoting better absorption.
Secondly, just ground chili is widely used in cooking. It is added to salads, sauces, stews, broths. In addition, chili is great for pickling, they enhance the taste of soups, borscht, and put in pizza. It is also suitable for freezing, however, before placing it in the freezer, the pods are kept in boiling water for three minutes or lightly fried.
This product is also good when dried. Hanging out by the tails, it not only retains its useful properties throughout the winter season, but is also an excellent decoration for the kitchen.