Marsh Marigold - Yellow Bedspread In The Garden. Description, Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Photo

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Marsh Marigold - Yellow Bedspread In The Garden. Description, Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Photo
Marsh Marigold - Yellow Bedspread In The Garden. Description, Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Photo

Video: Marsh Marigold - Yellow Bedspread In The Garden. Description, Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Photo

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris) 2023, January
Anonim

Marsh marigold is one of the most beautiful primroses, marking the awakening of nature after winter sleep. On a sunny April day, the motley color of this plant cannot but please the eye. At first glance, this is a very simple and unpretentious plant. But still there are certain nuances that should be taken into account when growing and reproducing it. This is what our publication is about.

Marsh marigold
Marsh marigold

Content:

  • Description of marsh marigold
  • Requirements for growing marsh marigold
  • The use of marsh marigold in garden design
  • Features of growing marsh marigold
  • Reproduction of marsh marigold

Description of marsh marigold

Marsh marigold (Caltha palustris) is a herbaceous perennial plant, a species of the genus Kaluzhnitsa of the Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). In total in the genus Kaluzhnitsa (Caltha) there are from 3 to 40 species. 6 species grow on the territory of the former USSR.

The stem of the marigold is marsh fleshy, erect (or ascending and ascending), less often - recumbent (in this case it easily takes root in the nodes), leafy, bare. Plant height from 3 to 40 cm or more. Roots are cordlike, collected in a bunch.

Leaves of marsh marigold are alternate, whole, reniform or cordate, crenate or crenate-toothed along the edge, dark green, glabrous, shiny. Basal leaves are large (sometimes up to 20 cm in diameter), on long fleshy petioles, stem leaves are much smaller, on short petioles. Bracts are sessile.

The flowers of the marigold, up to 7 in number, are located on long peduncles in the axils of the upper leaves. The perianth is simple, bright yellow, orange or golden, up to half a centimeter in diameter, the corolla consists of 5 leaves, each up to 25 mm long. There are many stamens, pistils from 2 to 12. In the European part of Russia it blooms in April-May.

The fruit of the marsh marigold is a multileaf. The number of leaflets corresponds to the number of pistils in the flower. Leaflets have a spout at the end. The leaflet contains up to 10 black shiny seeds (up to 2.5 mm in size) falling out of it when ripe (in May-June).

Marsh marigold
Marsh marigold

Requirements for growing marsh marigold

Location: marsh marigolds require open areas with sufficient moisture. In this case, they bloom most abundantly. But they also endure partial shade, if this shadow is created by deciduous trees and during the flowering period the site is illuminated by the sun.

Soil: since marigolds in nature are plants in damp places, they need rich, well-moisturized soil. With constant watering, it can grow in dry places.

Marsh marigold
Marsh marigold

The use of marsh marigold in garden design

Kaluzhnitsa are irreplaceable near reservoirs, in damp places. One of the earliest flowering coastal plants in which foliage grows and remains quite decorative all summer. When decorating the banks of decorative ponds and streams, marigolds can be successfully used, creating juicy bright yellow spots both in clean plantings and in the vicinity of other plants.

It is advisable to select the types of marigolds that are combined according to ecological needs, which complement each other in terms of flowering time, color of flowering and vegetative plants. The marigold should be planted in such a way that during flowering it is not obstructed by other plants, and after flowering, when it loses its decorative effect, species with late growing leaves appear in the foreground.

The best partners for the marsh marigold: Medunitsa softest, Forget-me-not alpine, Brunner, Krasodnev, Ostrich, Highlander snake, Astilba Chinese, Badan thick-leaved, Hosta.

Features of growing marsh marigold

Kaluzhnitsa is an unpretentious winter-hardy plant; does not require special attention to itself, but likes to drink plenty of water. Therefore, it is necessary to often water its bushes, delighting with charming flowers.

Marigold grows well in rich fertile soil, in the sun or in partial shade. More abundant flowering of marigold is observed in sunny locations. With a lack of moisture, marigold blooms for a short time and not so abundantly, quickly losing its decorative effect.

The lush bush of marigold spreads in width over time, spreading to the sides thanks to the creeping shoots. After 3-4 years, the marigold grows strongly and becomes less decorative - then you need to rejuvenate the plant and transplant in combination with reproduction.

Marsh marigold
Marsh marigold

Reproduction of marsh marigold

The most common breeding method for marigold is by dividing the bush. It is better to start dividing in early spring or in September. In the midst of the growing season, division is, in principle, possible, but the plant immediately wilts and sheds its leaves, although it does not die. The larger the cut, the faster it will bloom and the more abundant it will bloom. Very small cuttings can bloom only in the second year.

To increase the reproductive rate of valuable decorative forms of marsh marigold, you can use such a method as bending the stems to the soil and fixing them with wire hooks. In most cases, the stems take root at the nodes and by autumn they have time to form several small rosettes, which can be detached the next spring.

Marsh marigold
Marsh marigold

Sowing of marsh marigold is carried out with freshly harvested seeds, ripening in June. When sown immediately after ripening, the seeds germinate at the end of summer, in the case of sowing before winter, seedlings appear in spring. For spring sowing, a phased stratification is recommended: about a month at 10 degrees, then two months at 18-20 degrees. Germination occurs at 18-20 degrees. Seedlings bloom in the second or third year. Can be propagated by cuttings throughout the growing season.

Kaluzhnitsa belongs to wonderful primroses - heralds of spring. In nature, I think, everyone is happy to watch the flowering of squat bushes of marigold in early spring, forming bright and elegant places.

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