Cactus. Description. Forms. Houseplants. Flowers. Photo

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Cactus. Description. Forms. Houseplants. Flowers. Photo
Cactus. Description. Forms. Houseplants. Flowers. Photo

Video: Cactus. Description. Forms. Houseplants. Flowers. Photo

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Video: 30 Cactus With The Most Beautiful Flowers 2023, February
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Cacti are peculiar thorny plants that have adapted to life in arid deserts, on the marginal plateaus of southern countries, belonging to the vast family of cactus. They grow well on the sands of deserts and semi-deserts, on rocky plateaus between crevices of rocks, heated by the scorching rays of the sun. Under such conditions, these plants have adapted to store moisture in the stem during the rainy season for dry times. Cacti, with a few exceptions, do not have leaves, and their function is performed by a thickened green stem, which has a wide variety of shapes: cylindrical, columnar, spherical, triangular, etc. Cactus stems are smooth, ribbed, lumpy, wrinkled with papillae or notches; they are covered with a hard cuticle with a waxy coating on the outside.

Cactus (Cactus)
Cactus (Cactus)

© gurdonark

The leaves of cacti are modified into spines, bristles and hairs of various shapes, lengths (up to 12 cm) and colors. They emerge from the tomentose pads. Only the leafy cactus (peiresquia) has leaves somewhat resembling citrus leaves. Hairs, bristles and thorns serve as protection from animals at home, and are also a device for the transfer of thorny fruits by animals, "babies" and reduce moisture evaporation.

On the original, bizarre, and sometimes very small cacti, beautiful, large flowers, different in shape and color, appear. Flowers in cacti are bisexual, funnel-shaped, tubular, more sessile. In some plants, they bloom only at night. There are very fragrant flowers.

Cactus (Cactus)
Cactus (Cactus)

© Tobias Klüpfel

Many of the cacti in their homeland produce edible fruits. Others go to feed livestock (prickly prickly pear), from candle-shaped cacti (cereus) form hedges, and their trunks go to small buildings and for fuel.

Dwarf cactus species are bred in the rooms, which take up little space. Several dozen of them can be grown on one windowsill. There are large collections of them in botanical gardens, as well as many amateurs.

Cactus (Cactus)
Cactus (Cactus)

© 2Tales

Materials used:

Indoor floriculture - D. F. Yukhimchuk

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