Video: Dracaena. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Deciduous. Houseplants. Varieties, Types. Photo
Dracaena (lat.Dracaena) is a houseplant of the Dracene family.
The homeland of this plant is considered to be tropical Africa and Asia, the Canary Islands. When choosing a dracaena for an apartment, you need to take into account the space provided to it in the apartment, since among the many types of dracaena there are both dwarf and giant plants. The most popular types of dracaena are edged, scented, derema dracaena, as well as Sander and Godsef dracaena.
- Dracaena bordered (Latin Dracaena marginata) is a perennial plant, the height of which can reach three meters. Has a thick stem. The leaves can reach a length of up to half a meter, their width is 1-2 cm. They have a narrow-lanceolate shape. The leaves are green, but may have yellow or red stripes, depending on the variety.
- Fragrant dracaena (Latin Dracaena fragrans) - has bright green leaves with a gray stripe in the middle. Indoors it grows up to 2 m. It blooms with white flowers. This view is one of the best. This plant is not very whimsical. In winter, it can withstand temperatures up to 10 ° C.
- Dracaena deremskaya (lat.Dracaena deremensis) is another popular type of dracaena. Reaches a height of one and a half meters, but grows very slowly. It has leaves up to 50 cm long and 5 cm wide. The color of the leaves - monochromatic or variegated - depends on the particular variety.
- Dracaena godseffiana (lat.Dracaena godseffiana) is a species that is somewhat different from others. It is a bush-shaped plant with pointed oval leaves that are covered with cream spots. Grows up to 60 cm in height. Dracaena Godsef blooms at an early age with yellow-green fragrant flowers, after which fruits in the form of red berries may appear.
Temperature. Dracaena must be grown at a temperature not lower than 15 ° C. Hibernates at a cool temperature of 10-12 ° C.
Lighting. Dracaena does not tolerate direct sunlight. Given this fact, many believe that this is a shade-loving plant, but in fact, for good and proper development and growth of the dracaena, it needs intense light. In winter, dracaena are rearranged closer to the window. Grows well in artificial light.
Transplant. Dracaena must be transplanted once every two years in the spring. As a soil for transplanting, you will need a mixture of leafy and sod land, with the addition of rotted manure and sand. Drainage is also necessary, since the roots of the dracaena are located mainly in the upper soil layer.
Watering. Requires standard watering. Watering should be plentiful in summer and moderate in winter. When watering a plant, the room temperature must be taken into account. Dracaena does not tolerate stagnant water or dry land.
Fertilizer. It is fed during the growth period (from April to August) with special fertilizer complexes for indoor plants.
Reproduction. This plant propagates by apical cuttings, layering, pieces of the trunk. You can cut off the top of the dracaena, put it in a jar of water, add a little charcoal there, and after about 3 months, when the roots appear, plant the plant in a pot.