How To Grow Action From Seeds? Sowing, Leaving, Planting

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How To Grow Action From Seeds? Sowing, Leaving, Planting
How To Grow Action From Seeds? Sowing, Leaving, Planting
Video: How To Grow Action From Seeds? Sowing, Leaving, Planting
Video: I Could Watch Time Lapses Of Seeds Growing All Day 2023, February
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Deutzia is one of the classic flowering shrubs offering subtle accents in the garden in early summer. Action bushes look great from a distance, although all the beauty of flowering can only be seen up close. Self-cultivation of the action bush with any method of reproduction allows you to quickly achieve a result. Action can be obtained not only from cuttings, but also from seeds. Moreover, this option does not require much effort, and it is not at all difficult.

Deytion white undersized
Deytion white undersized

Content:

  • Self-collection of action seeds and their selection for sowing
  • Soil and containers for sowing action on seedlings
  • Sowing action seeds
  • Conditions for germination of seeds of action
  • Growing seedlings of action and the first winter
  • Planting deytion seedlings to a permanent place

Deutzia is one of the eastern stars, which has won its place in the list of garden classics along with roses and hydrangeas, very quickly conquering the hearts of flower growers all over the world. Terry, delicate flowers collected in apical brushes, although completely devoid of aroma, are so beautiful that you can admire them endlessly. Opposite leaves with a fairly light color, thin brown branches and a graceful, fairly dense crown highlight the action on any background.

The simplest way to reproduce any action was and remains grafting. In many species, cuttings take root not only quickly, but also with a high success rate, such plants develop much better than those obtained by the seed method of action. But almost all the first plants that came to us from Europe were grown from seeds. Many growers today use this particular method to get new bushes.

The seed method is excellent for species actions, especially for rare varieties that are not often found on sale, supplanted by fashionable hybrid varieties. Most often, it is from the seeds that the Amur action (Deutzia parviflora var.amurensis) and the rough action (Deutzia scabra) are grown, but the graceful action (Deutzia gracilis) can also be obtained from the seeds.

The advantages of growing from seeds are not only that one bag is several times cheaper than one young seedling with an open root system (in fact, you can get the entire hedge for almost 1/10 of the price of one bush). After all, a fairly simple sowing, the absence of pre-sowing treatment and tweaks with rearing allow lovers of seed reproduction to experiment, even with their little experience. Yes, and actions obtained from seeds bloom, often from the third year, which, together with economic advantages, makes seed propagation a full-fledged competitor to cuttings and other vegetative propagation methods.

Self-collection of action seeds and their selection for sowing

In species of action, which bloom annually and are able to bear fruit even in the middle lane, seeds are usually harvested in October. After drying, they are taken out of the fruit and must be kept in a hermetically sealed container or, if possible, in a vacuum bag. Seeds do not lose their germination up to 3 years under ideal storage conditions (shade, coolness, tightness of the package), but under any storage conditions, you can be sure of the high germination of seeds collected last year.

When buying action seeds, it is worth choosing trusted producers, which, in addition to this shrub, include other flowering species in the catalogs. Pay attention to the full species name and conformity of the described characteristics of the shrub, including height, to the standard parameters. Do not buy seeds that have been stored for more than 1 year from the date of production (packaging).

Soil and containers for sowing action on seedlings

It is better to sow seeds of action in large boxes or containers, because action requires surface sowing and stable moisture. Sowing in open ground will not create the necessary conditions, although if you wish, you can experiment with seedling greenhouses and boxes (only if you can moisten the crops daily).

You can use any high-quality soil for sowing - from purchased universal substrates to ordinary self-composed nutrient substrates for summer cages.

Deutzia 'Yuki Cherry Blossom®'
Deutzia 'Yuki Cherry Blossom®'

Sowing action seeds

Sowing action is carried out in the spring. There are no time limits: April is considered an ideal option, but if possible, sowing can be carried out earlier. Sowing in May will require intensive care of the action at the height of summer; it will be more difficult to preserve seedlings after a dive.

Action seeds do not need any additional processing, and the sowing itself is very simple:

  1. Fill the selected containers or seed boxes with good quality soil, slightly leveling it and not over-watering it.
  2. On the surface of the substrate, seeds are sown (rare) and the seeds are pressed tightly to the soil. You can lightly cover the seeds with fine sand.
  3. Gently moisten the seeds with a spray bottle.
  4. The boxes are covered with glass or foil.

Conditions for germination of seeds of action

The seeds of action germinate well in indoor conditions. The only thing that needs to be taken care of is that the temperature should be at least 18 degrees Celsius and the most bright lighting. Every day, you need to ventilate the containers and maintain a stable soil moisture by spraying. Drying out of seeds should not be allowed.

Depending on the temperature, action shoots can appear in 3 weeks and almost 1.5 months. As a rule, seeds germinate almost twice as fast with late sowing than with early sowing.

Growing seedlings of action and the first winter

Young actions obtained from seeds are frost-resistant and very sensitive to low temperatures. The easiest way is to continue growing plants during the first year in seedling beds or in schools where seedlings are dived: it is easier this way to provide optimal care and protect the plants for the winter. Young actions are not planted in a permanent place in the first year, because it will be almost impossible to preserve the plants this way. In the case of this shrub, you cannot do without growing.

Until the third or fourth true leaf appears, the crops are not touched, maintaining a stable level of soil moisture and providing the brightest possible lighting. The grown plants are carefully transplanted and dive into schools or planting beds, leaving a distance sufficient for the development of small lush bushes (25-30 cm). After planting, you need to carry out abundant watering and mulching. Young plants develop rather slowly, they will start to actively grow only next spring. But it is very important for them to maintain a stable soil moisture, preventing it from drying out and conducting systemic irrigation. It is best to keep the mulch level constant. Weeding and weed control are essential maintenance items.

For the winter, young actions must be covered with a high layer of mulch from dry leaves, and on top - with non-woven materials and spruce branches (you can also use another air-dry shelter).

Deutzia
Deutzia

Planting action seedlings to a permanent place

To permanent places of cultivation, action obtained from seeds is transferred only the next spring (in fact, a year after sowing). Action is not afraid of transplants, but it is still better to act carefully, keeping an earthen lump.

Grown up and past the first winter plants are transferred to areas with suitable conditions:

  • bright lighting (shading is permissible only at lunchtime);
  • fertile, high-quality, moist soil with a non-acid reaction and good organic content.

When planting, a distance of 1 to 2 m to neighboring plants is observed, depending on the characteristics of the species. Good drainage is laid at the bottom of the holes. The depth and width of the planting holes is about half a meter. The bark neck of young bushes should remain at the soil level.

After planting in a permanent place, plants need to provide systemic irrigation from the first weeks. In summer, for actions, up to 3 waterings are carried out per month, using 2 buckets of water per bush, in a cool time, watering is carried out every 2 weeks with half the amount of water. For young actions, it is necessary to carry out weeding and deep loosening of the soil (up to 25 cm), immediately after planting, mulching is also provided with peat or any available materials.

But you should not rush to apply fertilizers (both organic and mineral): it is better to start feeding from the second year after planting and carry them out only until mid-summer (early spring, early summer). Pruning also begins in the third year.

For the winter, all actions will need additional protection. It is better to bend the branches of a young plant to the ground, having previously covered the soil in the near-stem circle with a layer of dry leaves up to 20 cm high. The bushes are covered with soil or snow, covered with spruce branches whenever possible. When the bushes grow so much that their bending will become a problem due to the fragility of the shoots, it is worth switching to a simpler wrapping of the crown with non-woven materials with hilling the base of the bush and mulching the soil.

Alternative methods of breeding action:

  • separation of bushes and separation of root suckers;
  • rooting of cuttings;
  • rooting of green cuttings;
  • rooting of woody cuttings.

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