Video: Tall Blueberry. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Agrotechnics. Berry. Photo
This culture came to Europe from North America. There, scientists developed her agricultural technology, bred several dozen high-yielding varieties. Now tall blueberries are grown in many European countries: England, Holland, Italy, Romania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Poland. Such popularity is quite understandable - blueberries have very good taste and technological qualities.
In our country, this culture, unfortunately, is not widespread, although it can be found on the personal plots of some amateur gardeners.
The shrub reaches a height of 1.5 m. The berries ripen, depending on varietal characteristics and weather conditions of the year, in late July - early August. They are quite large, collected in bunches of 2-15 pcs. The average weight of the berry is 1.6-2.8 g, but sometimes large berries are found, weighing 4 g. They have a dark blue color, sweetish-sour, with colorless pulp.
Both in the bunches and on the bush, the berries do not ripen at the same time, therefore, even when growing one variety, you can treat yourself to the crop for 3-4 weeks, and if you have varieties of different ripening periods, fresh blueberries will decorate the table until the end of September. 3-4 kg of berries are collected from one adult fruiting bush.
Berries can be consumed fresh, as well as for processing into juices, jelly, marmalade, confiture, etc. During the processing of berries, coloring substances are extracted from the skin, the products are obtained with a beautiful dark blue color. The high content of valuable substances important for human health in berries makes them very useful.
Tall blueberries deserve attention for their decorative qualities. In the spring, it pleases with pale pink rather large (up to 1 cm in length) bell-shaped flowers, and in the fall - with orange-purple foliage.
For the cultivation of this culture, the most suitable soils are acidic (pH 4-5), peat, as well as sandy loam, moderately moist, well-drained, of coarse texture, containing about 2-4% of humus. Groundwater should be located no higher than 30 cm from the soil surface, but it is desirable not deeper than 75-90 cm. It should be borne in mind that tall blueberries do not tolerate drought or too long waterlogging.
On household plots where there is no suitable soil, this crop can be successfully grown in concrete wells, barrels or other vessels with a depth of at least 60 cm and a width of 0.8-1 m, making several holes in the bottom of the vessel with a diameter of about 5 cm. Such vessels are up to the edges are buried in the soil and filled with a mixture of high peat and garden soil in a ratio of 2: 1 or 1: 1. If the soil is heavy, you need to add river sand, it grows well on clean high-moor peat.
In the absence of suitable vessels, blueberries can be grown simply in pits, by covering the edges and part of the bottom with plastic wrap or roofing felt and filling them with the aforementioned soil mixture.
Blueberry is a light-loving plant, but it grows quite well and bears fruit even with a little shade.
Varietal material is propagated in a vegetative way - lignified or green cuttings. Rooting of lignified cuttings is best carried out at a soil temperature of 20-25 ° C and with frequent spraying with water, green cuttings - in artificial fog.
Highbush blueberry is a promising berry plant for private farms, therefore, more attention should be paid to its study and implementation.