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Video: Garden Blueberries Are A Forest Miracle. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Fruit And Berry. Photo
Garden blueberry is a relatively new berry crop in the garden, and not every gardener grows it, but in vain. It can grow not only on fertile soil, but also on damp, swampy areas, that is, where fruit trees and berry crops usually hardly take root. In addition, it does not require particularly complex care.
- General information about garden blueberries
- Garden blueberry varieties
- Garden blueberry care
General information about garden blueberries
In terms of yield and size of berries, garden blueberries are far superior to their forest cousins. Each bush is strewn with fruits that taste like wild berries.
Blueberries are a long-lived garden. It grows well and bears fruit up to 50-60 years, and gives the first harvests already in the 4th-5th year. The berries are collected in a brush and do not crumble for a long time after ripening, so they are easy to pick. Don't just forget about birds: they love them too.
Blueberries are eaten fresh, they are also used for making incredibly tasty jam, compote, etc.
Garden blueberry varieties
Bluett. Early variety. It adapts well to cold climates and late spring frosts. The bush is very compact, spherical, 0.9-1.2 m high. The berries are medium-sized, dark blue in color.
Northern blue. The variety is semi-tall (60-90 cm). High quality fruits are used fresh and for processing. Productivity is more than 3 kg per bush.
Northern land. Medium early variety. Tall. High winter hardiness (withstands temperatures up to - 32 ° C). The bush is compact, with a height and diameter of 1.2 m, it grows well on all types of soil. The berries are medium in size, dark blue, very sweet, used for processing. Productivity up to 9 kg per bush.
Northern country. Medium early variety. Semi-tall. Easily adapts to various soils. The bushes are compact, 50-60 cm high, 140 cm in diameter. The berries are large. Productivity up to 2.2 kg per bush. One of the best varieties.
Spartacus. The variety is early maturing. Tall. The bush is 1.5-1.8 m high. The berries are large, of excellent sweet and sour taste, dense, with a dry separation. Requires good drainage and fertile soil.
Blocrop. The variety is mid-season. Highly winter-resistant, disease-resistant, with a long harvest period. The bush is 1.2-1.5 m high. The fruits are medium-sized, sweet and sour.
Garden blueberry care
Due to the fact that the root system of blueberries is fibrous, they systematically loosen the soil to a shallow depth and add peat or vegetable humus, or old sawdust with a layer of 10 cm. If the soil is dry or the summer is hot without rain, the blueberries are abundantly watered by sprinkling. During the flowering period, watering can only be at the root.
Blueberries are fed 2 times per season.
The first feeding is carried out before flowering: 1 tablespoon of liquid potassium humate, sodium humate and fertilizer with trace elements per 10 liters of water; consumption - 10-15 liters of solution per 1 plant.
The second dressing is done during the setting of berries: 2 tablespoons of Berry fertilizer and 1 tablespoon of Ideal and Breadwinner fertilizers per 10 liters of water; consumption - 20 liters of solution per bush. The "breadwinner" can be replaced with nitrophos (also 1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water).
The lack of nutrients in the soil is compensated for by foliar feeding before and after flowering: 1 tablespoon of potassium humate and sodium humate per 10 liters of water.
Preventive pruning of blueberries is carried out from the 4th to 5th year. Remove dried, broken, diseased branches. In the future, old branches are cut out, which do not give growth and almost do not bear fruit. Rejuvenate due to root shoots.