Video: Gladiolus. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Flowering. Bulbous. Garden Plants. Flowers
Ah, this is the splendor of colors and shades! The stunning bloom of gladioli from mid-July makes a lasting impression on the rest of the season.
But not all amateur gardeners can boast of an excellent result and pride in their garden. After all, gladioli are relatively capricious flowers. They will be fragrant in a well-lit area with good nutritious soil and timely watering. But how to grow them on problem soil, such as loam or sandy loam, poor in composition?
© Carl E Lewis
First, define an area for these wonderful flowers. Choose areas that are well lit by the sun. It is the sun that is the basis for the manifestation of the color shade. In insufficient light, they stretch out strongly, become pale and change their natural saturated color beyond recognition, up to pale pink.
The composition of the soil also affects flowering, namely, its acidity.
If acidity is significant, add a little quicklime to the ground.
If you got a loamy soil, you will have to try a little to give it relative lightness and porosity, since gladioli grow on heavy soil, but the quality of such growth leaves much to be desired, they often get sick due to the constant flooding of the soil, the loam is covered with a soil crust and the flowers rot, turn yellow and dry out.
Therefore, when preparing the soil, add one third of river sand and natural compost from plant residues. Dig up and level with a rake until smooth.
If you have the opportunity to add oat straw, add. This will only benefit the soil. During the season, the straw will grind and the earth will not only change its structure, but will also be enriched with organic matter.
Manure or peat must be added to sandy loam, but do not forget that the manure must be rotted two years. Fresh manure is very hot, which has a negative effect on plants, they simply burn out from an excess of trace elements in unprocessed manure.
© Sugar Pond
Peat is, of course, an ideal addition for sandy loam.
And since this type of soil is very light, then mulching is indispensable here. You can place the cut grass on top of the soil, it will dry out pretty quickly, and if there is regular watering, it will rot. As a result, moisture will linger, which will prevent the soil from drying out prematurely and in the fall you will not have to apply new fertilizers, it will be enough just to dig up the ground.
Apply ordinary wood ash, rich in mineral fertilizers, as fertilizer.
The technology for growing gladioli consists in laying tested healthy bulbs in April at a depth of 10 cm at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other, pre-treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (light pink).
© Mathew A. Koeneker
They will begin to germinate in two weeks, depending on weather conditions.
During flowering, thrips may appear on gladioli. The most effective means of destroying them is Ortin. Compared to other insecticides, its advantage is that it kills pests even when they are in closed buds. Apply the treatment twice with an interval of 14 days.
It is advisable to dig out the tubers two months after the end of flowering. Dry in the sun and store in a cool, dark place.
That's all the wisdom. And let your flowers delight you with the variety of colors and shapes!