Barbatus can be found not only in flower beds, but also in the wild. You will see its bright inflorescences somewhere in the middle of the field, admire the flowers, and involuntarily the thought arises: “Where did you come from?” You return home with a bunch of fragile small carnations. In care, this plant is unpretentious, blooms for a long time, amazes with its color combinations. What else does a florist need?
In total, about 300 species of carnations are known. Among them there are one-, two- and perennial plants. Barbatus is mainly grown as a biennial plant, although it is a perennial. More often it is called Turkish or bearded carnation. Although his homeland is not Turkey, but Southern Europe. And the plant got the "Turkish" name, most likely, for the color of the petals, reminiscent of the Turkish ornament.
Carnation stems 40-60 cm in height, numerous inflorescences - shields with a diameter of about 8-10 cm, flowers with a pleasant aroma, simple or double, small - 1-2 cm in diameter, white or red of different shades, variegated, with eyes, edging … They are all so different that it seems that each inflorescence is unique. The barbatus blooms from May to July. Flowering begins in the 2nd year after sowing and lasts about one and a half months. In the first year, the plant only forms a lush rosette of medium-sized oblong leaves. There are low-growing species that grow no more than 20 cm, and tall ones - up to 80 cm.
The plant is sun-loving, but can withstand partial shade. Cold and frost resistant. It prefers light loamy, humus-rich soils with a sufficient amount of lime, although in general it is unpretentious. Loves watering, but it cannot be waterlogged.
Barbatus is propagated mainly from seeds, less often by dividing the bush and grafting. Before planting, you need to add well-rotted humus to the soil - 20 kg per 1 sq. m. You can sow seeds in April - May, at the end of summer and before winter. Planting is carried out in harrows 1-1.5 cm deep. The crops are slightly pressed and moistened (autumn crops are carried out with dry seeds and do not watered). You can cover them with non-woven fabric.
After their appearance, the plantings are thinned out, leaving first 10, and then, when the outlet develops, 20-30 cm between the plants.
During seed propagation in varieties with double flowers, some of the plants come across with simple ones. Therefore, valuable varieties are propagated by cuttings. You can grow bearded carnations from seedlings. It also reproduces easily by self-seeding. Seeds do not lose their germination for 3-4 years.
Turkish carnation is used in group plantings, on alpine slides. Low-growing varieties are planted in the foreground in front of tall plants, they are ideal for balconies and terraces, borders. Tall varieties are great for cutting. By the way, cut flowers stand in water for a long time.