Gaillardia Is A Colorful Chamomile. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Photo

Gaillardia Is A Colorful Chamomile. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Photo
Gaillardia Is A Colorful Chamomile. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Photo

Video: Gaillardia Is A Colorful Chamomile. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Photo

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Video: Growing Gaillardia n TRICKS to Get MAXIMUM Flowers 2023, January
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Gaillardia is an extraordinary plant. Its rather large flowers have deep, rich, bright colors and for a long time delight with their beauty in any corner of the flower garden. A striking representative of the Asteraceae family, Gaillardia is a close relative of chrysanthemums, asters, sunflowers, dahlias, zinnias, gerberas, marigolds and even artichokes. In fact, this family includes more than one tenth of all plants on the planet.

Gaillardia - colorful chamomile
Gaillardia - colorful chamomile

The plant forms a sprawling bush 45-70 cm high. The basal leaves are lanceolate in a small rosette. Curved stems are highly leafy and very branched. The peduncles themselves are a little long and very flexible. The inflorescence-basket is from 8 to 10 cm in diameter.

The Latin name of the flower comes from the name of one of the famous patrons of botany - the French patron Gaillard de Bondarua, who lived in the 17th century.

Gaillardia is used for planting in mixed flower beds, on flower beds, borders, alpine slides, rabatki, for group plantings, more often against the background of shrubs. It goes well with ordinary chamomile, cornflower, asparagus and other perennials. It is no less effective when decorating containers and flowerpots. Gaillardia inflorescences stand well in cut. Perennial Gaillardia

are especially good; they are now referred to as the Gailardia hybrida species. Ligulate flowers from orange-yellow to brown-red tones, collected in semi-double or double baskets up to 10 cm in diameter. The origin of this species is not entirely clear. It is believed to have evolved from the crossing of Gailardia aristata with other species native to the plains and prairies of the western United States.

Gaillardia spinous is a perennial growing in bushes up to 70 cm high with large flowers-baskets, two-color - yellow-red or monochromatic - red, yellow, orange on straight stems. Blooms from June to September. Cutting at the root after the first flowering prolongs the life of the plant. It is used on rabatki and mainly for cutting.

Gaillardia
Gaillardia

In recent years, breeders have obtained a number of varieties for summer and autumn landscaping. Especially the spinous Gaillardia varieties have proven themselves:

  • "Bremen" - with a dark copper-ball color,
  • "Burgunder" - with wine red,
  • "Tokayer" - with fiery orange, large inflorescences,
  • "Tommy" - with orange color,
  • "Kobold" - with yellow inflorescences with red tips.
  • A dwarf variety "Goblin" was bred - up to 30 cm tall, with raspberry-cream flowers

Gaillardia begins to bloom from the end of June and does not lose its beauty until the very frost. On one Gaillardia plant, flowers often have different colors. For example, the extreme (ligulate) flowers are large and have a yellow, orange, dark red, burgundy color, and the middle (tubular) ones can be brown, purple with a spectacular embossed velvety center.

The edges of the petals often differ in color from the whole flower. They are usually lighter at the ends. After the flowering process takes place, a pubescent and even prickly achene-ball remains on the top of the peduncle. Rounded, fluffy "bumps" -fruits that form on the plant after flowering can be added to floristic compositions and used as dried flowers.

After flowering, it is better to remove wilted flowers.

Gaillardia
Gaillardia

The plant is unpretentious. It blooms well in open sunny areas with dry, light, fertile soils. In general, any cultivated garden soil is suitable for it, but it does not tolerate the addition of manure, excess moisture and acidic soils. Gaillardia is quite drought-resistant and can tolerate long periods of lack of moisture.

Propagated "elegant chamomile" by dividing the bush, as well as seeds. Seeds are sown in April on an exploration bed. Plants are planted in a permanent place in August at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other. They will stand in full bloom next year.

It is better to divide the bush in early spring, since Gaillardia blooms late, or in early September, so that the divided plants have time to start.

Without a transplant, it grows in one place for 4-5 years. Growing up, the plant bush falls apart a little, so you need to put up supports or tie it loosely with twine.

Before planting, you must add a bucket of compost or humus, 1-2 glasses of wood ash and 1 tbsp to the soil. a spoonful of complex mineral fertilizer. The hole is thoroughly watered and the divided plants are planted.

Gaillardia
Gaillardia

Care for normal Gaillardia: watering is needed only during dry summer periods, and then moderate. If several baskets are left on the plants until autumn, then the achenes will spill out of them and next spring they will give numerous shoots that can be planted.

Gaillardia is fed during the budding period with full fertilizer. Top dressing can be repeated during flowering.

From disease usually suffer most Gaillardia leaves. They are affected by white rust and powdery mildew. Gray rot sometimes appears on the flowers.

To prevent freezing in the winter season, the bushes of the plant must be insulated using humus, peat, old tree leaves or spruce needles.

Author: T. Molodtsova

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