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Video: Buzulnik Is A Tongue Of Flame. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Kinds. Varieties. A Photo
The plant's name comes from the Latin 'ligularis', 'tongue'. Sometimes the plant is called that among gardeners and even when sold at fairs and in stores. Before flowering, it looks like a flower bed of decorative powerful leaves, after the beginning of flowering - like a bright orange island, which immediately attracts attention and creates bright spots against the background of other plants. If there is no separate clearing for the buzulnik, then it is necessary to plant it in the background, since the plant is powerful and tall. Good for mixborders. Looks very nice and feels good near water bodies.
- Description buzulnik
- Growing a buzulnik
- Types of buzulnik
Buzulnik, or Ligularia (Latin Ligulária) is a genus of perennial grasses of the Asteraceae family, uniting about one hundred and fifty species of Eurasian species.
Some species are used in gardening as ornamental plants.
There are about 150 known species growing in Europe, Asia and Africa. Several species grow in Western Asia, the Caucasus and Europe. Within the former USSR, 40 species grow. The greatest species diversity is in Central Asia (15) and in the Far East (13). On Sakhalin there are 2 species, on the Kuril Islands - 1 species (no common).
Perennial rhizome plants. Stems are straight, up to 120 cm tall. The leaves are large, up to 50 cm in diameter, arranged in regular order. Inflorescences are baskets, collected in paniculate, racemose or corymbose inflorescences, rarely solitary. Marginal flowers are ligulate, yellow, orange or whitish, arranged in one row; the middle ones are tubular, yellow or brown. Achenes are oblong.
Growing a buzulnik
Location: Buzulniks are shade-tolerant and moisture-loving plants; in the garden they develop better in partial shade, although with abundant and regular watering they feel good in the sun.
Soil: Requires nutrient-rich, moist soil. They also grow on heavy, non-drained clay soils and endure temporary flooding.
Care: in the spring it is advisable to loosen and mulch the soil. In summer, care is reduced to regular watering and garter inflorescences. If the plants are planted in fertile soil, they need not be fed. After flowering, the inflorescences are removed if seeds are not needed, while the plants increase the size and number of leaves, maintaining the decorative effect until mid-October. It is better to cut off the aerial part in the fall.
For the winter, it is advisable to mulch the soil around the plants. On hot days in open areas, additional watering is required. Buzulniki are not affected by pests and diseases. The only pest is slugs eating young and even adult leathery leaves. Plants hibernate without shelter.
Reproduction: by dividing the bush and seeds, which are sown in spring. Seedlings bloom for 3-4 years. Plants are planted in the spring, in the month of May, and in the fall, in September-October. If necessary, you can transplant in the summer, cutting off the aboveground part. Of course, in this case, there is no need to dream of a decorative effect. The bush is divided in the spring. Landing distance from 50 to 100 cm.
Diseases and Pests: Resistant to diseases and pests, but can be affected by slugs.
Types of buzulnik
Buzulnik serrated - Ligularia dentata
Homeland - China, Japan.
Spectacular plant up to 100 cm tall. The leaves are large, kidney-shaped, collected in a basal rosette. Inflorescences - baskets 7-8 cm in diameter, collected in a paniculate inflorescence. Reed flowers are light yellow, tubular flowers are light brown. Blooms in August-September for 30 days. Bears fruit. In culture since 1900. Winter-hardy, but in harsh winters it can freeze slightly.
There are varieties:
- Desdemona - with lilac-brown leaves and fiery orange flowers
- Othello - up to 90 cm tall with intense purple large leaves up to 50 cm in diameter and tangerine-orange inflorescences up to 13 cm in diameter, blooms from the beginning of September for about 40 days.
Buzulnik Vorobiev - Ligularia vorobievii
Homeland - the Far East.
A perennial, in favorable conditions forms powerful bushes up to 1.2 m in diameter with peduncles up to 2 m in height. The leaves are thick, leathery, rounded, dark green. The flowers are large, bright yellow, collected in racemose inflorescences. Blossoming in August. Seeds germinate within 14-42 days, unevenly at a temperature of about 15 degrees. They are photosensitive, so they are sown on the surface without embedding.
Buzulnik Wilson - Ligularia wilsoniana
Homeland - Central China.
Plant up to 150 cm tall. Stems are straight, slightly branched. Basal leaves are large, kidney-shaped, on long petioles. Baskets are yellow, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, numerous, collected in erect inflorescences. Blooms from July 35-40 days. Winter-hardy, but preventive mulching and shelter in case of severe winter is desirable. In culture since 1900.
Buzulnik Vicha - Ligularia veitchiana
Homeland - Western China.
Perennial plant up to 200 cm tall. Basal leaves are cordate, up to 40 cm long, sharp-toothed. Numerous flower baskets are yellow, collected in a spike-shaped inflorescence. Blooms 35-40 days in August. Winter-hardy, but a preventive shelter in case of a harsh winter is desirable. In culture since 1905.
Buzulnik Kempfer - Ligularia kaempferi
Homeland - Japan.
Perennial rhizome herb. Leaves are numerous, round or oval up to 25 cm in diameter, unevenly serrated, green. The leaf petioles are pubescent. Baskets are light yellow, up to 5 cm in diameter, on branched peduncles 40-50 cm long, collected in corymbose inflorescences.
The golden variety of this species (var. Aureo-maculata hort.) - is cultivated in the open field on the Black Sea coast of Russia. Perennial herb with beautiful, large, rounded angular, bright green with golden spots, basal leaves on long petioles. Inflorescences are small, yellow. Blooms in May.
Buzulnik large-leaved - Ligularia macrophylla
It grows wild in Western Siberia, Central Asia and the Far East. Occurs in wet meadows and along the banks of rivers and streams.
The lower basal leaves are long-petiolate, elliptical, bluish, 30-45 cm long. It blooms in mid-summer. Baskets of inflorescences are yellow, numerous, collected in a racemose panicle.
Flowering stem up to 150 cm tall. Winter-hardy without shelter. Good in the background of a mixborder.
Buzulnik palchatolobastny, or palmate -Ligularia x palmatiloba
Impressive plant up to 1.8 m tall and 0.9 cm in diameter. The lower leaves are large, rounded, deeply lobed. Large yellowish flowers in an upright, loose racemose inflorescence. Blooms in July-August. The plant is demanding on soil moisture.
Buzulnik Przewalski -Ligularia przewalskii
Homeland - Mongolia, North China.
Perennial herb up to 150 cm tall. Differs in graceful, strongly cut sharp-toed leaves on thin red-brown petioles. Baskets are small, yellow, collected in spike-shaped, narrow inflorescences up to 50-70 cm long, the tops of which are slightly sagging.
In terms of flowering time, this is one of the earliest buzulniks: its flowering begins in late June and lasts for 30 days. Recommended for planting in moist fertile soil. Looks best near water bodies and in large flower beds. Looks great with Aruncus 'Zweiweltenkind'.
Buzulnik Tangut - Ligularia tangutica
Homeland - China.
Tangut synakalia (S. tangutica), known as L. tangutica, or Senecio tangutica, is sometimes grown in botanical gardens. A spectacular plant, partly reminiscent of Przewalski's buzulnik (L. przewalskii), but has a tuberous root. The tuber forms stolons, and the plant thus easily reproduces vegetatively. Stems are slightly branched, up to 70-90 cm tall.
Leaves are openwork, deeply dissected with narrow lobes. The flowers are small, in an elongated inflorescence, yellow. Blooms in July-August. A very resistant plant that grows best in moist, sometimes heavy clay soils in shady places. You can propagate it by seeds, but almost no self-seeding. Curtains should be limited from excessive spreading.
Buzulnik narrow-leaved - Ligularia stenocephala
Homeland - North China.
Close to Przewalski's buzulnik. Differs in larger flowers and heart-shaped, sharply serrated leaves.
In culture, there is a hybrid between Ligularia przewalskii and Ligularia stenocephala, which is called 'The Rocket'. He took the signs of both parents: flowers up to 5 cm in diameter on straight dark peduncles up to 150-200 cm in height. Leaves are dense, heart-shaped with roughly serrated edges. Winter-hardy without shelter. In autumn, the leaves of this variety are painted in elegant purple-crimson tones. Handsome with Rodgersia at the water's edge.
Buzulnik, Siberian ligularia - Ligularia sibirica
A widespread plant in Siberia and Central Europe. Along the banks of reservoirs, grassy bogs, in thickets of bushes, in swampy, saline, alpine and subalpine meadows.
Perennial plant 30-130 cm tall. The rhizome is shortened, the stems are straight, furrowed, at the base - with fibrous remnants of dead leaves, green, sometimes reddish in the lower part, glabrous or sparsely pubescent with brownish or light segmented hairs.
Rosette leaves cordate, ovate-cordate, less often triangular-cordate or kidney-shaped, 4-23 cm long and 7-15 cm wide, obtuse or shortly sharpened at the apex, notched-toothed along the edge, glabrous or sparsely pubescent with brownish hairs on the underside, the lobes of the base are usually obtuse, slightly diverging, the petioles are 1.5-3 times longer than the plate, at the base they are widened in a m. short vagina.
The lower stem leaves are similar to the basal leaves, but smaller, on shorter petioles, but with longer sheaths. The upper stem leaves are triangular or triangular-heart-shaped, with small teeth along the edge, on short petioles, expanded into a swollen sheath.
The inflorescence is oblong, simple, racemose of 5-50 baskets; the stems under the inflorescence and peduncles are covered with short brown hairs, often with an admixture of fine white hairs; bracts ovate-lanceolate, lanceolate or linear, long-pointed, 2.5-5 cm long. Baskets with ligulate flowers are 2.5-4.5 cm in diameter, drooping when flowering.
The wrapper is campanulate, 9-11 mm long and 7-12 mm wide, glabrous or slightly arachnoid pubescent, often with an admixture of multicellular hairs, at the base with 2 lanceolate-linear or linear leaflets, equal in length to the wrapper or slightly shorter; its outer leaves are linear-lanceolate, the inner ones are lanceolate or broadly lanceolate, with a wide membranous border.
Ligulate flowers are yellow, 7-11, 10-20 mm long and 3-5 mm wide. Corolla of tubular flowers 7.5-8.5 mm long, with an expanded narrow-bell-shaped part, 4.5-5.5 mm long. The crest is yellowish or brownish, about 6 mm long. Achenes are yellowish-brown, 4-5 mm long. Blooms from July to early September. Propagated by seeds and root cuttings.
Buzulnik Fisher -Ligularia fischeri
Siberia, Far East, Mongolia, China, Japan. In damp meadows, in sparse forests, in thickets of bushes.
Perennial plant 30-150 cm tall. The rhizome is shortened, the stems are straight, simple, grooved, at the base with fibrous remnants of dead leaves, pubescent with brownish curly multicellular hairs. Rosette leaves are cordate, cordate-reniform, less often almost spear-shaped, 12-23 cm long and 10-25 cm wide, rounded or shortly pointed at the apex, on thin long petioles.
The lower stem leaf is similar to the rosette leaf; medium - smaller, pointed, on short, winged, with a stem-embracing petiole base; the uppermost ones are small, sessile, with a stalk-embracing base.
Buzulnik Hessei - Ligularia x hessei
It is a hybrid of toothed buzulnik and Wilson (Ligularia dentata (A. Gray) H. Hara x wilsoniana (Hemsl.) Greenm.).
In appearance, this hybrid is closer to the toothed buzulnik - the baskets are collected in a large corymbose, but looser inflorescence. Chamomile flowers about 5 cm in diameter. The leaves are cordate-triangular, the bush is dense, powerful, with a diameter of more than 1 m and a height of more than 2 m. Buzulnik Hessey blooms in August for 30-40 days. It has varieties that differ in height, color of foliage, peduncles and shape of inflorescences: 'Laternchen', 'Gregynog Gold'.