Weeds: Can't Get Rid Of Leaving? Photo

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Weeds: Can't Get Rid Of Leaving? Photo
Weeds: Can't Get Rid Of Leaving? Photo
Video: Weeds: Can't Get Rid Of Leaving? Photo
Video: How to Get Rid of Weeds 2023, February
Anonim

Weeds are an eternal problem for every gardener. And although in nature everything is natural and logical, we cannot come to terms with their existence on our site - they interfere with the life of cultivated plants. Therefore, we devote the lion's share of labor and time in the country to the fight against weeds. Perhaps this is the hardest and most unpleasant physical work that you have to do in the beds or in the garden. But is it really necessary? This article will look at traditional and organic weed control methods. Which is the best way? And is it really necessary to achieve sterile cleanliness on the site?

Useful plants that have grown out of place are called weeds
Useful plants that have grown out of place are called weeds

Content

  • About weeds and weeds
  • Traditional methods of weed control
  • Organic farming methods against weeds
  • Fight or get along?

About weeds and weeds

It is difficult to give a precise definition of what weeds are. We are used to calling all plants that have grown out of place. And even last year's green manure, growing unauthorized in the garden next to sown parsley or salad, this year we perceive as a weed. Are raspberries that go where they don't ask them to be a weed too? It seems to be a cultivated plant, but so impudent that it can be more difficult to bring it out in the wrong place than wheatgrass. Cultural species that sprout on the site without our blessing for that are called weeds.

And what are the classic weeds? As a rule, this group of plants includes wild-growing species that are particularly resilient and aggressive in the development of new territories. Their strength is provided by the following factors:

  • Weeds are fertile to the envy - they form a lot of seeds;
  • Their seeds are extremely tenacious - they remain viable, staying in the ground for several years;
  • They reproduce in all possible ways, including vegetative ones.

Unfortunately, cultivated plants do not have even a tenth of the vitality of weeds. Leaving them to grow in mutual company of each other means relying on the mercy of the weeds, which, for sure, will not leave our pets a single chance. Therefore, the "holy war" of summer residents with weeds has no end or edge. And the victory of gardeners in it is always temporary.

Traditional methods of weed control

"Holy War" is more about the history of the adherents of traditional agricultural methods in the fight against weeds and weeds. These methods have been unchanged for many decades and boil down to the following:

  • Digging;
  • Weeding;
  • Mowing the ground part of weeds, which leads to inhibition of root growth;
  • Herbicide treatment.

Dig - do not dig

About the benefits and harms of constantly digging a vegetable garden, there are heated disputes today between supporters of natural farming and traditional farming. The first argue that, firstly, it is very difficult physically, and, secondly, it violates the structure of the soil, which can then be restored only by constant fertilization and loosening, which, in fact, summer residents do all summer, plowing a vegetable garden in the spring.

Fans of organic farming offer their own methods of weed control, excluding the hard physical labor of a shovel, we will talk about them later. But all these methods are ineffective when it comes to virgin soil, on which for years nothing has grown except wheatgrass, ditch and nettle. The top layer of the earth, consisting only of weed roots, will not be taken by any plane cutter. A much better option is to use a pitchfork for digging. This will minimize the dissection of the rhizome into many parts, so that the weeds spread even faster.

A more modern mechanical method of getting rid of weeds is the work of a tractor, walk-behind tractor or cultivator. This technique significantly reduces the physical costs of the gardener (this is not a shovel for you!), But it complicates the process of collecting weed roots several times.

In any case, you will not choose all the roots, so the summer season with a hoe on weeding is guaranteed. And for the majority of summer residents of the post-Soviet space, there is nothing special about this. Those who cannot or do not want to spend six months without unbending, pulling out weeds, turn to another method of traditional farming - the use of herbicides.

Nettle is a malicious weed and a very useful plant
Nettle is a malicious weed and a very useful plant

Herbicides to herbicides - strife

Modern realities are such that we use the products of the chemical industry hourly, if not every second, hardly thinking about it. But when it comes to herbicides, the absolute majority of those who prefer natural methods, as well as people who do not grow anything, but only consume, will say that this is “horrible how bad”.

But if you look at it, then this "horror" is not so terrible, and people who claim this cannot remember the name of any of the modern herbicides. Most of the "naturalists" and people who promote the use of "pure" vegetables and fruits do not want to know that modern herbicides are not at all those that were used 20-30 years ago. Most of the old drugs have long been out of production, and new high-quality herbicides in the right hands and in the right doses do not harm the environment or the quality of the grown products. And to be honest, any detergents we use every day harm the environment much more seriously.

Conventionally, all modern herbicides can be divided into two groups: those that are applied to the soil and, absorbed through the roots of plants, suppress the growth of weeds, gradually destroying them, and those that are sprayed directly onto the green mass of weeds and get to the roots through the leaves.

The former are more aggressive, and even manufacturers themselves often do not recommend using them. Firstly, they tend to persist in the ground for several months, which means they also affect the cultivated plants grown on it. Secondly, if you use them from year to year, the earth will eventually stop "digesting" them and become practically unviable for many cultivated plants.

The second group of herbicides, which act through the leaves on the roots of the weeds, is much more interesting. Once in the environment, such herbicides are destroyed after a couple of days, without significantly affecting either the condition of the soil or the cultivated plants growing next to the weeds.

Of course, using herbicides, like any other chemistry, you need to carefully, strictly adhering to the recommendations of the manufacturers regarding the dosage. If you can do without them, do without them, but in some cases they are simply irreplaceable, for example, if you need to put in order an abandoned garden several hundred square meters in size in one season.

Organic farming methods against weeds

The main difference between work on weed control among "naturalists" and "classics" is that the methods of organic farming are mainly aimed at preventing the appearance, that is, preventing weeds, and not at quickly getting rid of them, as is customary in traditional farming.

How are weeds "at war" in organic farming?

Both natural and synthetic materials can be used as mulch
Both natural and synthetic materials can be used as mulch

Mulch

A lot of natural materials can be used as mulch: cut grass, including weeds, sawdust, tree bark, needles, etc. Improvised means are also suitable: roofing material, slate, polyethylene, etc. (but here again the question of "naturalness" arises). Having covered a certain plot of land with such mulch, by the end of the season it is really possible to get rid of the annual weeds present there. Wheatgrass and other perennials will not immediately take mulch. But after using it, they are easily pulled out of the ground by hand.

The use of mulch really could be called the ideal and safest solution. If not for a couple of "but". First, when using organic mulch to kill weeds, it is important that the layer is at least 10 cm thick. Can you imagine how much sawdust you need to bring to the site in order to mulch at least two hundred square meters of soil? And if we are talking about a hectare?

Secondly, pests that could not bother you before using mulch - slugs, mice, snails … And getting rid of them by natural means (without the use of chemicals) is even more difficult than weeds.

Substitution method

"Naturalists" argue that weeds can appear only where the earth "walks". And it's true - the less empty land, the less weeds. Do not want to constantly fight weeds, do not leave empty land! Partially, this issue is solved by mulch or sowing siderates in the aisles, as well as new crops (a bed under the onion is vacated - they have sown siderates or fast-growing greens there). Compacted landings can also help. If you approach this issue correctly, the weeds simply have nowhere to grow.

Solarization

A method in which weeds die under the film when exposed to sunlight. It is carried out before the emergence of cultivated plants.

Mowing

This method is used everywhere in both traditional agricultural and organic farming. However, firstly, not all weeds can be cut, but only in areas where there is a zero probability of cutting crop plants, that is, on undeveloped ones. Another problem is that some weeds, after cutting off the aerial part, spread even more aggressively by the rhizome, for example, Syrian cotton wool.

Thirdly, this method does work, but very slowly. If you mow the weeds at least four to five times in a season in a certain place (willow, wheatgrass, sedge, nettle, etc.), preventing these plants from forming seeds, then, indeed, this site will eventually turn into a more or less attractive lawn. Only, unfortunately, this will not happen soon, or rather, in three or four years. Three to four years of regular mowing - and your completely "organic" lawn is ready! Are you willing to wait that long? Or maybe you should use herbicides at least once?

Prevention against "war"

On well-groomed, many years used under beds, flowers and garden crops, the seeds of malicious weeds are brought in by the owners themselves. This happens when the mown weeds with seeds are placed in the compost and do not allow it to fully mature. Promotes soil contamination with weeds and the use of fresh manure, which is rich in weed seeds.

The replacement method involves planting cultivated plants or green manures between rows that will leave no room for weeds
The replacement method involves planting cultivated plants or green manures between rows that will leave no room for weeds

Fight or get along?

From all of the above, we can conclude that there is no panacea for weed control. Each method of both traditional and organic farming deserves attention, but also has its weak points. A smart gardener must draw conclusions on his own, based on his own realities and tasks to be solved.

One thing is for sure: weed control should not be an end in itself. Moreover, many modern studies prove that cultivated plants grow healthier in areas with few weeds than in perfectly clean beds.

Weeds protect our pets from the hot sun and drafts and can even be used as green manure. The main thing is not to let these plants release flower stalks, that is, to mow them or pull them out in time. The green mass of weeds can serve as a good mulch (avoid only plants that reproduce by division - purslane, creeping buttercup, ivy budra, etc.). However, these weeds can also be beneficial. On their basis, a liquid green fertilizer is prepared, which will serve to stimulate the growth of cultivated plants.

In general, there is nothing superfluous and useless in nature. And this also applies to weeds. Take nettles. Weed? The most that neither is. But how precious! This is a real treasure of essential trace elements! Stinging nettles will not only benefit your plants in your garden and garden, but you yourself, so let them grow in a secluded corner of your garden. Moreover, you have been trying to expel her from there for a year now …

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