The Best Shrubs For Creating A Partial Shade Hedge. Planting And Care, Description Of Species And Varieties, Photo

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The Best Shrubs For Creating A Partial Shade Hedge. Planting And Care, Description Of Species And Varieties, Photo
The Best Shrubs For Creating A Partial Shade Hedge. Planting And Care, Description Of Species And Varieties, Photo
Video: The Best Shrubs For Creating A Partial Shade Hedge. Planting And Care, Description Of Species And Varieties, Photo
Video: The 20 Best Deer-Proof Plants, Shrubs & Trees, Hands Down! | Landscape Plants 101 2023, February
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When buying a plot, the owners do not always get a wasteland open to sunlight from morning to evening. Many areas are shaded by mature trees. Sometimes you want to create a fence "in the corridor" between the walls of your own and a neighbor's house. Often green spaces are also needed on the north side of the building. Light-loving plants, planted even in light partial shade, will never create dense green walls and will not be able to play the role of a stable hedge. Therefore, it is very important to navigate in deciduous shrubs, which will show themselves best in partial shade.

The best shrubs for creating a partial shade hedge
The best shrubs for creating a partial shade hedge

Content:

  • Why hedges are valued in gardening
  • Derain - beautiful in winter and summer
  • Spirea - lush bloom, minimal care
  • Privet - for strict hedges in partial shade
  • Kalina gordovina - not affected by aphids
  • Other shrubs for partial shade hedges

Why hedges are valued in gardening

Hedges are becoming more popular every year. The owners of summer cottages and adjoining plots are increasingly using green spaces along with or even instead of traditional fences. And this is not surprising, since a green screen has many advantages over traditional fencing.

A hedge is not only a designation of the boundaries of the site, protection of the garden from winds, road noise and the looks of curious passers-by. It is also an integral part of landscape compositions, a uniform background for variegated flower beds and expressive groups of deciduous and coniferous plants.

In addition, green curtains can unobtrusively decorate unattractive outbuildings and perfectly cope with the task of separating functional areas with picturesque lines, smooth corners, and sometimes visually change the configuration of the garden.

In order for "green walls" to successfully fulfill their responsibilities for many years, it is important to select plant elements for their creation taking into account the basic requirements of plants for growing conditions.

To create a living fence in a dense, dense shade, where nothing but moss grows, it is advisable to refuse the “green solution”. With a significant lack of sun, any shrubs stretch out and lose their attractive appearance. But if a hedge is needed on an area where the sun's rays look at least a few hours a day, then you should pay attention to the plants, which we will discuss in this article.

Derain - beautiful in winter and summer

One of the most unpretentious deciduous shrubs, with free growth, quickly reaching a height of 3-3.5 meters. The decorativeness of the turf is mainly provided by the plant foliage. Depending on the variety, the leaf blade of a shrub can have a white or golden border, and sometimes chaotic patterns.

Derain is one of the most unpretentious deciduous shrubs that prefers partial shade
Derain is one of the most unpretentious deciduous shrubs that prefers partial shade

In autumn, the attractive foliage of the deren glows with purple flashes and looks especially beautiful. Unlike most deciduous ones, this shrub is attractive even after the foliage has fallen off, since the bright crimson young shoots become the main decoration of the plant. The bright colored bark looks especially impressive in winter against the background of white snow.

As you know, many plants with variegated foliage can noticeably lose color in partial shade, but variegated painted deren leaves remain bright even with a lack of lighting. A hedge made from this shrub can easily add color to a monochromatic shady area while maintaining a stable decorative look.

Turf hedge planting and care

To create a hedge made of turf, grown seedlings of two to three years of age are planted at a distance of 30-40 centimeters from each other. You can land in both autumn and spring. Before the plants fully take root, they definitely need regular abundant watering. In the future, this shrub requires a minimum of attention, usually pests are not too susceptible to its foliage, and diseases bypass it.

The only feature of the sod, which is important to consider, is its increased moisture-loving capacity, therefore, the plants tolerate prolonged drought with great difficulty, and in an abnormally dry summer they necessarily require abundant watering.

Derain is one of the fastest growing shrubs, and most of its varieties form a dense hedge in literally one or two seasons. Pruning can be done at any time from spring to autumn, as it is painless for the plant. For the first time, they cut the turf when it reaches the age of three and then cut it 1-3 times a year.

In natural style gardens, the lawn works well for creating natural hedges. In this case, only gentle and sanitary pruning is carried out, implying the removal of damaged shoots and an easy containment of the volume of the bush (pruning the tops of young shoots).

Red deren branches will decorate the garden in winter
Red deren branches will decorate the garden in winter

The best varieties of deren for hedges in partial shade

For a budget hedge, an ordinary species of white turf with solid green foliage and purple shoots is best suited, which can be easily propagated by cuttings on its own.

Of the varietal grasses, the “Elegantissima” variety grows the fastest, it will allow you to create a fence faster, but at the same time it will require more frequent cutting.

Externally similar varieties with a white border of leaves "Sibirika Varyegata" and " Ivori halo" grow a little slower. Variety "Shpet" is distinguished by a golden border of the leaves.

To create a particularly interesting effect in winter, the varieties with purple branches can be supplemented with the Flaviramea tree, which has an expressive bright light green bark.

Advantages of the deren hedge

  • the shrub is suitable for regions with cold climates, most varieties do not freeze in winter;
  • unpretentious and tolerates any type of soil;
  • well suited for areas with a high level of groundwater;
  • tolerates shading without losing color.

Cons of deren hedges

  • variegated varieties can bring excessive variegation to the site and distract attention from garden compositions;
  • with age, the trunks of the shrubs can be bare below.

Spirea - lush bloom, minimal care

Spirea is a flowering shrub. In the month of May, the plant dresses in an openwork snow-white outfit of small fragrant flowers with the smell of honey. Spireas blooming in spring, as a rule, are tall plants (up to 2.5 meters), having a spreading bush and medium-sized leaves.

The less the spirea is cut, the more abundantly it blooms
The less the spirea is cut, the more abundantly it blooms

With regular haircuts, the green curtains from the spirea turn out to be quite dense, like real walls. Nevertheless, the plantings have an elegant appearance and, thanks to the small foliage, look delicate and weightless.

Planting a spirea hedge and care

Spireas are planted at the age of two with an interval of 40-50 cm. You can start forming a hedge in the first year. Features of cutting spirea depend on the belonging of plants to the group of spring flowering or summer flowering.

In varieties of spirits that bloom in spring, unlike summer ones, flower buds are formed only on last year's shoots, so they can be cut only at the end of flowering. Cutting in early spring will prevent the plants from blooming this season.

By the way, a spirea hedge, which is cut too often and intensely, usually blooms very little or does not bloom at all. Therefore, it is important here to choose what is more important for the gardener - a strict form or white fragrant flowers.

The first haircut is carried out in June after the plants have completely faded. With formative pruning, they cut quite intensively, giving the green wall the necessary shape. Further, in the middle of summer, correction is carried out as the shoots grow back (several times per season).

The first haircut of summer-flowering spirits is carried out in the spring (April-May). In culture, spirea is unpretentious and does not require any special care.

The best varieties of spirea for a hedge in partial shade

Most often, spireas are planted in the sun, but some species will do well in partial shade. First of all, this applies to varieties with green leaves blooming in spring (spiraea agruta, wangutta, tunberg, trilobal, gray, etc.).

Many types of spirea, when formed, quickly lose their natural arched shape and grow vertically upward. From summer-flowering spirits for the role of a hedge, you can also pick up tall species (Billard's spiraea, willow, Douglas), blooming with pink flowers.

Spirea Thunberg grows well in partial shade
Spirea Thunberg grows well in partial shade

Pros of a spirea hedge

  • undemanding in terms of soil type and fertility;
  • subject to moderate haircuts, blooms profusely in spring or mid-summer;
  • faded inflorescences do not affect the appearance;
  • tolerates haircuts well and holds its shape after trimming;
  • due to the fact that the spirea branches are very thin, the places of the cuts are almost invisible;
  • openwork crown looks good in winter, covered with frost;
  • hardy, drought-resistant, practically does not get sick and is rarely affected by insects.

Cons of spirea hedges

  • with frequent or untimely pruning, spring-flowering spireas do not bloom too abundantly;
  • irregular cutting of the hedge leads to the exposure of the lower part of the bush, and the spirea begins to look unkempt;
  • to maintain shape, sometimes it is necessary to cut the hedge "on a stump" in order to rejuvenate (this procedure is carried out no more than once every 10 years).

Privet - for strict hedges in partial shade

An unpretentious semi-evergreen shrub that can be easily cut in any direction. With the onset of autumn, its foliage falls off only partially, and some of the surviving leaves remain on the plant throughout the winter, making the hedge visually denser, in comparison with the hedge made of deciduous species. In addition, in the off-season, the shrub is decorated with medium-sized rounded resin-colored berries.

Privet is a shrub that can be cut to any shape
Privet is a shrub that can be cut to any shape

As ornamental plants in gardens, there are two types of privet - common privet and oval-leaved privet. The height of the first is more than 3 meters and the bush is more sparse, dense leathery leaves are slightly pointed at the ends. Privet with oval leaves has more decorative rounded leaves, which are better preserved in winter, they are of lower stature.

Both species bloom with medium-sized white flowers with a pleasant aroma (in early summer, in June-July). Privet grows relatively quickly and takes root very easily, so the planting material can be grown independently from cuttings.

Common privet also has a varietal variety “Aurea” with unusual bright yellow foliage. But this cultivar will show itself in all its glory only in the bright sun, and when creating a hedge in partial shade, you should be prepared for the color of the leaves to turn greenish.

Planting a privet hedge and care

Young plants are planted in 30-45 cm increments to create a dense hedge. Before planting privet, it is important to keep in mind that, despite drought resistance in adulthood, young shrubs will grow well only when planted in moist soil and with regular watering.

Privet does not tolerate stagnant water, therefore, for planting, it is better to avoid lowlands where there is a standing melt water, and at the bottom of the planting pit, drainage must be done to avoid stagnant moisture in the root zone. Privet grows well on loose, drained soils.

It is recommended to form a privet hedge not in the shape of a rectangle, but in the form of a truncated cone expanding at the bottom. This shape of the living wall avoids exposing the lower branches due to insufficient illumination.

It is better to use a lopper or pruner for cutting. For the first time after planting, more than half of the young growth is cut off, and in subsequent years, young branches, if necessary, are cut off by 70% of the length.

As a result, branching increases significantly, increasing the density of the bush, however, such a haircut reduces the flowering intensity. The first sanitary haircut to remove shoots damaged in winter is carried out in the spring, and formative pruning is resorted to several times per season. Regular trimming maintains the shape and height of the hedge. It is better to do this 2 times a year - in May and August.

Privet oval-leaved has decorative rounded leaves that are well preserved in winter
Privet oval-leaved has decorative rounded leaves that are well preserved in winter

Pros of privet hedge

  • has an "expensive" noble appearance due to dense leathery foliage;
  • a dense crown allows you to create volumetric geometric shapes from plants or even figurines of animals and people, like boxwood topiary in Europe;
  • good growth rate;
  • easily propagated by cuttings;
  • stably decorative, as it preserves foliage and berries all year round;
  • drought-resistant.

Cons of privet hedge

  • it is important to remember that all parts of privet, including berries, are poisonous;
  • in frosty winters, the shrub can freeze over.

Kalina gordovina - not affected by aphids

Viburnum vulgaris is a bright shrub with bunches of coral berries and lobed foliage, similar to maple leaves, is well known to people even far from gardening. But to create a hedge, another type of this plant is much more suitable - gordovina viburnum.

Kalina gordovina is great for creating a hedge in partial shade
Kalina gordovina is great for creating a hedge in partial shade

This variety is a dense shrub up to four meters high with a dense but compact crown. This species differs from the viburnum ordinary in large pubescent leaves covered with white hairs, which give the impression of velvet.

Kalina gordovina blooms profusely in May-June with white inflorescences-caps, after which attractive bright red and black berries are tied on the bushes. The main advantage of this culture over the common viburnum is that this shrub is not affected by aphids.

Planting a hedge from viburnum gordovina and care

In order to create a hedge, 2–3-year-old plants are planted at a distance of 30–40 centimeters from each other. Kalina gordovina loves fertile, well-moistened soils. Therefore, in a drought, she will need watering, even after the plants have taken root well.

In the second year, at the beginning of summer, the young growth can be cut by 2-3 nodes to enhance the branching of the bush. Further, the formation of a hedge from the viburnum of gordovina will consist in removing too thick old shoots. In young stems, only the tops are pinched.

This type of viburnum is most suitable for creating a free-growing screen, and should be pruned to a minimum. For plants with such large leaves and thick stems, a strong overcutting will not look very harmonious. The total life expectancy of the shrub is long (about 60 years), so such a hedge will perform its function for many years.

Advantages of the gordovina viburnum hedge

  • grows well both in shade and partial shade;
  • viburnum gordovina is unpretentious in care and more drought-resistant than viburnum ordinary;
  • the shrub has an edible sweetish fruit;
  • during the fruiting period, this viburnum is very decorative, its glossy berries are red at first, and then they turn black;
  • the fruits of this viburnum are edible, they are sweet and juicy in taste.

Cons of the gordovina viburnum hedge

  • in comparison with other shrubs, it reacts poorly to drought and needs watering;
  • shrub grows relatively slowly;
  • the plant will feel bad on peat, sandy and podzolic soils.
After the flowering of the Hordovina viburnum, attractive bright red and black berries are tied on the bushes
After the flowering of the Hordovina viburnum, attractive bright red and black berries are tied on the bushes

Other shrubs for partial shade hedges

For the construction of a low hedge up to 1 meter high in a semi-shady place, an ordinary snowberry is also perfect. Moreover, some varieties do not form the usual white, but very unusual pink berries. In care and pruning principles, the snowberry resembles a spirea. It can be cut regularly or left to grow freely. In the latter case, much more attractive berries will be tied.

In order to create fences in the green shaded conditions are frequently used grade tall barberry (ordinary, Thunberg, Ottawa) and physocarpus. However, it should be borne in mind that such plants will not develop successfully in a dense shade, and in partial shade varieties with brightly colored foliage (purple, yellow, two-colored), with a lack of sunlight, will lose their intensity and become almost green.

It tolerates partial shade and European and common euonymus, but its famous bright pink autumn color will also not be so expressive in semi-shady places.

Green fences on the site can also be made in the form of screens entwined with perennial vines. In shady territories, a girlish grape feels good, which will cope with its task as soon as possible.

However, one should not forget about the aggressiveness of this vine. Shade-tolerant climbing plants such as lemongrass, actinidia, moonseed, petiolate hydrangea will do this work more delicately. But in order to enter into full force, it will take them about three years, after which the green mass will very actively grow.

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