Marigolds In Garden Design. Photo

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Marigolds In Garden Design. Photo
Marigolds In Garden Design. Photo

Video: Marigolds In Garden Design. Photo

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Video: Marigolds for the Early Fall | At Home With P. Allen Smith 2023, January

Marigolds are literally legendary annuals. They are included in the list of the best garden plants for unpretentiousness, beauty, and flowering time. Their special aroma and no less attractive appearance are well known even to city dwellers. Carved, creating elegant openwork bushes, leaves with a dark saturated color stand out brightly against the background of any other plant. And the dazzling fiery inflorescences, literally shining against a dark emerald background, have become a symbol of the transition from summer to autumn for many. In addition to decorativeness, the main and undoubted advantage of marigolds is the ease of growing them.

Marigolds on a flower garden
Marigolds on a flower garden


  • Description of garden marigolds
  • Species diversity of marigolds in culture
  • The use of marigolds in garden design
  • Selection of partners for marigolds

Description of garden marigolds

The autumn flowers of marigolds, in fact, appear on the garden scene even in the summer. But the color scale of these plants and their character evoke associations primarily with an autumn garden. Marigolds are amazing, versatile annuals, well-known, but never tired of surprising with their talents. They combine high decorativeness with amazing endurance and are the undisputed favorite of the design, calculated for the second half of the season.

Marigolds have long been perceived as typically "our" yearlings, they are so familiar to urban landscaping that they are practically not associated with their historical homeland. Meanwhile, this plant, which has spread all over the globe, is an American endemic and one of the brightest cultures that came to us from Central America.

Representatives of the genus Tagetes are traditionally associated with the annuals. But among these plants there are also herbaceous perennials.

Marigolds are bushy, fast-growing plants. They develop in the form of compact or more spreading, but not too widening, straight, but very lush bushes, forming a crown like a small pillow. The shoots are very strong.

The height of marigolds ranges from 15 cm in low-growing varieties to 50 cm in most varieties and 80-120 cm in the highest varieties of erect marigolds. The plumose-dissected or pinnately-split foliage of marigolds with a jagged edge, a sharp, easily recognizable smell and rich shades of dark green color creates a very elegant leaf mass. In different marigolds, the leaves can be arranged either alternately or oppositely.

The long, relentless and abundant bloom of marigolds cannot be compared with blooming clouds or carpets of other summer people. The inflorescences do not completely cover the bushes, they are surprisingly in harmony with the leaves, reveal the beauty of the plant to the fullest.

Marigolds produce elegant baskets of inflorescences. They can be both apical solitary, and gather in more complex inflorescences with a fairly loose texture. Reed flowers adorn with a wide, spaced corolla, and tubular flowers in the middle are more inconspicuous. Among the marigolds there are both plants with simple inflorescences and varieties of varying degrees of terry. After flowering, the achenes of the fruit are tied, giving abundant self-seeding.

The start of flowering of marigolds directly depends on the selected variety and cultivation agricultural technology. The first marigolds dissolve inflorescences in June, but most - only from July. But all marigolds complete their flowering only after the first frosts come.

The color palette of marigolds is limited to yellow, orange, red and brown - in all possible shades of the warm autumn gamut. In addition to the monochromatic, there are varieties of marigolds with a two-color watercolor or contrasting color.

Flower garden of different types of marigolds
Flower garden of different types of marigolds

Species diversity of marigolds in culture

For many, marigolds have become such a familiar plant that they are perceived as one and the same plant with different varieties that differ only in height or color nuances. But it is worth taking a closer look at the assortment of marigolds to discover their amazing variety. Among the marigolds there are plants that are not similar to each other, modest or brighter stars. They even differ from each other in the structure and type of leaves, not so much in the type, shape and size of inflorescences.

Only two species of more than three dozen naturally occurring species of the genus Marigold are used in culture:

  1. Erect marigolds (Tagetes erecta) - strongly branching, with a pronounced central shoot, forming pyramidal bushes, powerful plants with pinnately-divided leaves and large inflorescences. Previously, rejected marigolds (Tagetes patula) were singled out as a separate species, but today they are combined with erect marigolds.
  2. Fine-leaved marigolds (Tagetes tenuifolia) are compact, shorter plants with small leaves and small inflorescences. This species included marigolds (Tagetes anisata), previously considered as an independent species.

Most of the marigolds that can be found on sale are hybrid plants with improved characteristics.

Erect marigolds (Tagetes erecta)
Erect marigolds (Tagetes erecta)
Fine marigold (Tagetes tenuifolia)
Fine marigold (Tagetes tenuifolia)

The use of marigolds in garden design

As one of the most traditional cultivated annuals, marigolds have almost never gone out of fashion. They are actively used in landscape design despite the ever-expanding range of ornamental plants. It is both a garden classic and one of the most modern plants with many advantages.

Marigolds can be used in any design style. They fit perfectly into nostalgic gardens, but thanks to the beauty of the leaves and the brightness of the blooms, they are not lost in modern projects, they are great for historical imitations. They are versatile from a stylistic point of view, suitable for both ceremonial design and decoration with minimal maintenance.

Marigolds rightfully claim to be one of the most versatile annuals. They can be used to decorate any flower beds and flower beds, regardless of their size and content. They are equally good in summer beds and in large flower beds or complex mixborders, in stains on the lawn and huge classic flower beds, they can even be used in carpet and patterned mixborders.

The selection of varieties allows you to use marigolds on any plane and in any - background or solo - quality. Marigolds in the design of flower beds use:

  • as a color spot;
  • for the introduction of contrasts;
  • to create the effect of lace filling;
  • to mask the shortcomings of other plants that fade in the first half of the season;
  • for framing large perennial soloists or flowering shrubs;
  • to fill voids in flower beds;
  • to introduce seasonal accents, etc.

Due to its compactness and dense curly dense greenery, marigolds are perfect for the role of a border culture. They frame any garden objects with a neat and elegant ribbon. Most often, marigolds are used for borders around flower beds and flower beds for summer gardens. But no worse, they will cope with the task of creating a colorful line along the track or site, as well as in the foreground of the mixborder.

It is marigolds that are the best candidates for the introduction of ornamental plants into the beds. They are not only great for decorating mixed beds, ornamental gardens, growing in tea and spice flower beds. Marigolds play the role of additional protection for vegetables and salads. Their roots secrete natural phytoncides, protecting plants from fungal infections and nematodes. Marigolds are especially effective against insect pests and fusarium.

They can be used for decoration, and for decorating borders, and for mixing plants in a regular garden. Bright and sunny, marigolds look charming against the background of salads and southern vegetables. With the help of marigolds, you can fill in empty soil, protect the roots from overheating, "knock out" berry bushes.

Marigolds grow well in containers. Despite the fact that they are most often planted in flower beds and open soil, they demonstrate excellent endurance and only decorate a variety of large and small compositions.

They will not be lost separately, in a small pot, as a bright decoration of the potted garden. Marigolds are used for stone flower beds and mobile flower beds, grown in tubs with other plants, used as accents or fillers for other summer houses, planted in window and balcony boxes.

The highest varieties of erect marigolds are also grown for cutting. In drawing up bouquets, marigolds play approximately the same role as in flower beds. These bright and fragrant autumn flowers delight with their freshness for a long time.

Marigold flower beds
Marigold flower beds

Selection of partners for marigolds

Among annuals, not a single plant can compare with marigolds in talent to combine with any garden crops. They are not afraid of the neighborhood of large plants and are often used to shade the beauty of shrubs, they perfectly take root in the company of herbaceous perennials and are combined with all summer plants without exception. The only limitation in the selection of partners is the color scheme of marigolds and their pronounced autumnal character.

In decorative compositions, mixborders and flower beds, marigolds look great in the company of fragrant tobacco, coleus, seaside cineraria, lobularia, alissum, asters, zinnias, annual sage and ageratum.

When choosing companion plants for marigolds in a garden or a mix design, first of all, you need to remember about plants that feel just as good in decorative beds. Calendula, echinacea, heliotrope are perhaps the best and most grateful partners in this case.

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