Video: Bergenia. Badan. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Blooming, Deciduous. Flowers. Medicinal Plants. Beneficial Features. Application. A Photo
The early appearance of leaves from under the snow, the blooming in May in dense clusters of white, pink, red or lilac bell-shaped flowers, the preservation of a beautiful appearance until frost make thick-leaved incense a very attractive plant for the gardener.
Badan thick-leaved, or bergenia, is an evergreen perennial herb 25-40 cm high. Badan is shade-tolerant, has exceptional adaptability; he feels well in the most adverse conditions and even on rocky slopes. Blossoms, as a rule, in May-June, but sometimes it can bloom again at the end of summer. It blooms more profusely in bright places and with light shading on rich, loose and nutritious soils. Badan does not like heavy and damp soils. In one place it can grow up to 7 years.
Bergenia reproduces by seeds and division of rhizomes. Seeds are stratified within a month and in spring they are sown in prepared soil, shoots appear in 9-12 days. In the first year, they form a small rosette of leaves, in the second, the rosette increases in size to 25 cm, and in the third year, some plants bloom.
Bergenia can be propagated by spring division of the bush. The seedlings are planted in a prepared place, providing a feeding area for each plant of 40 × 40 cm. In June, immediately after flowering, berry can be propagated by green cuttings. To do this, take young rosettes with small leaf stalks and part of a horizontally growing rhizome.
Badan bushes are especially beautiful in flower beds, borders, mixborders, single plantings and on rocky hills. This plant can also be grown at home as an indoor crop.
Badan thick-leaved is known not only as a beautiful flower, this plant is widely used in medicine: in therapy, gynecology, gastroenterology, dentistry and urology. Badan preparations have hemostatic, astringent, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties, which are due to the presence of tannins in them, they also strengthen the walls of the capillaries and have a local vasoconstrictor effect.
For medical purposes, rhizomes are used, which are harvested throughout the summer. They are dug out of the soil, cleaned of small roots and soil, washed in cold water, and cut into pieces. Then they are wilted under a canopy, avoiding direct sunlight, and dried in a dryer at a temperature not exceeding 60 ° C. Drying time approx. 3 weeks.
Dried roots should break well. They can be stored for up to 4 years in cotton bags. The roots contain a large amount of tannins, phytoncides, vitamin C, organic acids, starch, sugars, and trace elements.
Decoctions, extracts and infusions are prepared from the roots. To prepare a decoction of 1 tbsp. a spoonful of rhizomes is poured with 1 glass of boiling water, placed in an enamel bowl and heated in a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, and then cooled at room temperature for 10 minutes, filtered. The remaining raw materials are squeezed into an infusion, which is brought with boiled water to the original volume. Take 1-2 tbsp. spoons 3 times a day before meals. Used to treat pneumonia, acute respiratory and flu infections, laryngitis, headaches, rheumatism, furunculosis, bleeding gums.
To prepare the extract 3 tbsp. tablespoons of crushed rhizomes are poured with 1 glass of boiling water, half is evaporated on the stove and filtered hot. Take 20-30 drops 2-3 times a day before meals for colitis and enterocolitis, bleeding. For douching in the treatment of erosion in gynecology 1 tbsp. a spoonful of the extract is diluted in 0.5-1 l of water.
The infusion is prepared as follows: 8 g of crushed bergenia rhizomes are poured with 200 ml of boiling water, insisted for 8 hours and filtered. Take 1 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times a day for fever, headache, diseases of the larynx and oral cavity.