Video: Aukuba Is Japanese. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Deciduous. Houseplants. Flowers. A Photo
Aucuba, sem. Aucubaceae is a semi-lignified shrub native to East Asia. In room culture, one species of aucuba is grown - the Japanese aucuba (Aucuba japonica). The mature plant grows to a height of 1.8 m, however size and shape can be controlled with spring pruning. The leaves of the aucuba are elongated-oval, serrated at the edges, about 13 cm in size. They are decorated with golden-yellow spots of various shapes, for which the people call the shrub the golden tree. Aucuba blooms rarely; after flowering, bright red spectacular fruits are formed on the plant.
Aucuba is quite popular due to its unpretentiousness. The following varieties of Japanese aucuba are most often found on sale: 'Variegata', 'Dentata', 'Crotonifolia', 'Hillieri' and 'Goldiana'. Aucuba grows well in brightly lit places, but it does well in partial shade. The plant needs a moderate temperature, in winter it is recommended to keep it cool at 8 - 12 ° C. In a warm, dry room, the shrub can shed its leaves. Aucuba tolerates low air humidity, but still in a heated room in winter, the plant requires spraying.
Aucuba is watered abundantly from spring to autumn, moderately in winter. They are fed monthly during the growing season. They are transplanted annually in the spring into a substrate consisting of sod and leafy soil, humus, peat and sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 1: 1. After transplanting, the plant is cut off and the tips of the shoots are pinched. Aucuba propagates by seeds and cuttings in late summer. If the edges of the leaves dry out on the aucuba in summer, then the leaves fall off, this means that you are not watering the plant enough. Increase watering. Black spots on leaves in winter are the result of being too warm and / or dry. It is necessary to eliminate these causes.