The Annual Aster Is An Autumn Star. Garden. Care, Reproduction, Cultivation. A Photo

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The Annual Aster Is An Autumn Star. Garden. Care, Reproduction, Cultivation. A Photo
The Annual Aster Is An Autumn Star. Garden. Care, Reproduction, Cultivation. A Photo

Video: The Annual Aster Is An Autumn Star. Garden. Care, Reproduction, Cultivation. A Photo

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Video: Aster – Family Plot 2023, February
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Ever since childhood, I remember how proudly I went to school on September 1 with a bouquet of beautiful asters! Undoubtedly, these flowers are a symbol of autumn! The name of asters comes from the Greek words 'callinos' - beautiful and 'stephos' - a wreath, the inflorescences in structure resemble a wreath. Aster - translated from Greek means "star".

Annual aster (Callistephus chinensis)
Annual aster (Callistephus chinensis)

Content:

  • Legends about the origin and symbolism of asters
  • Description of asters
  • Types of asters
  • Growing asters
  • Reproduction of asters
  • Aster pests
  • Diseases of asters

Legends about the origin and symbolism of asters

An ancient legend says that aster grew from a speck of dust that fell from a star. Already in ancient Greece, people were familiar with the constellation Virgo, which was associated with the goddess of love Aphrodite. According to ancient Greek myth, the aster arose from cosmic dust when the Virgo looked from the sky and cried. For the ancient Greeks, aster symbolized love.

There is a belief that if you stand among the asters at night and listen carefully, you can hear a slight whispering: these are asters who have an endless conversation with their star sisters.

There is another legend of the appearance of asters on earth: two Taoist monks decided to go to the stars. They walked for a long time through the thorny forest. We made our way through the juniper bushes. Climbed along barely noticeable mountain paths. We glided over snowy glaciers. Until we reached the top of the highest mountain in Altai. But when they reached the top, they saw that the stars were still high in the sky and did not get closer.

Long was the way back. The monks had no food or water left, they stripped their bodies into blood, tore their clothes. Almost exhausted, they descended from the mountains, and went out into a beautiful meadow, where a clear stream flowed and wonderful flowers grew. "Look," said one of the monks, "we have come such a hard way to see the beauty of the stars in the sky, and they, it turns out, live here on earth." They dug up and brought some plants to the monastery and began to plant these flowers, calling them asters, which means stars in Latin.

In China, asters symbolize beauty, precision, elegance, charm and modesty.

For Hungarians, this flower is associated with autumn, therefore in Hungary the aster is called "autumn rose". In ancient times, people believed that if a few aster leaves were thrown into a fire, then the smoke from this fire could drive out snakes.

The aster flower is a symbol of women born under the astrological sign of Virgo. Aster is a symbol of sadness. This flower was considered a gift to man from the gods, his amulet, amulet, a particle of his distant star. Therefore, the sadness symbolized by him is sadness for the lost paradise, for the impossibility of climbing into the sky.

Description of asters

Callistephus Chinese, or Annual Astra - Callistephus chinensis.

Homeland - the southwest of the Far East, China, Mongolia, Korea.

An annual herb with a powerful, fibrous, broadly branched root system. Stems are green, sometimes reddish, hard, erect, simple or branched. The leaves are arranged in the next order, the lower ones are on petioles, broadly oval or oval-rhombic, unequally coarsely toothed along the edge, serrate or crenate; the upper ones are sedentary.

Inflorescence is a basket consisting of reed and tubular flowers. Blooms from July to late autumn. The fruit is achene. Seeds ripen in 30-40 days after the beginning of flowering, remain viable for 2-3 years. There are 450-500 seeds in 1 g.

The wild-growing annual aster is not very decorative. In culture, numerous hybrid varieties have long been used, differing in shape, size, structure and color of inflorescences; in the shape and size of the bush and flowering time.

Annual aster (Callistephus chinensis)
Annual aster (Callistephus chinensis)

Types of asters

There are over 600 varieties of asters in the world. They differ in height, flowering time, growing purpose and flower structure.

By flowering time, they are divided into 3 large groups:

  • Early. The period from germination to flowering is 83-115 days. Bloom from early July to September.
  • Average. 116-122 days. Bloom from late July to early August to September. Most varieties belong to this group.
  • Late. 123-131 days. Bloom from mid-late August until late autumn.

They are divided in height into 5 groups:

  • Dwarf. Up to 25 cm.
  • Stunted. Up to 35 cm.
  • Medium-sized. Up to 60 cm.
  • Tall. Up to 80 cm.
  • Giant. Above 80 cm.

By the nature of use, they are divided into 3 groups:

  • Cutting. Tall, with large double inflorescences and long peduncles.
  • Casing. Low, compact, suitable both for flower beds and for growing in pots on the window, greenhouses.
  • Universal. Medium-sized compact plants with long peduncles and large inflorescences. Used for cutting and in flower beds.

According to the structure of the inflorescences, they are divided into 3 groups:

  • Tubular. Inflorescences consist only of tubular flowers, short or long with different or the same color.
  • Transient. Inflorescences consist of ligulate and tubular flowers. Reed flowers are arranged in 1-2 rows, tubular flowers fill the middle, forming a flower.
  • Reed. All flowers in the inflorescence are reed or tubular and reed, but reed completely cover the tubular. Among the reed, six types are distinguished: tiled, peony, chrysanthemum, acicular, radiant, spherical.

    Annual aster (Callistephus chinensis)
    Annual aster (Callistephus chinensis)

Growing asters

Location

The plant is light-loving, cold-resistant. Reaches the greatest decorativeness when grown in conditions of moderate temperature and humidity of air and soil, prefers open, sunny places, but tolerates partial shade.

The soil

It grows best on light, fertile soils with close to neutral acidity. The introduction of manure under this crop leads to the defeat of plants by fusarium. For this reason, asters cannot be planted after gladioli, tulips, carnations and returned to their previous site earlier than 4-5 years later. The best predecessors are calendula and tagetes.

The best soils for asters are fertile, light loamy or sandy loamy soils, with a reaction of the environment close to neutral. On empty sandy or clay soils, asters seem to be born, that is, instead of double large flowers, simple and non-double flowers grow. They prefer sunny places with moderate humidity.

Fertilizer

In the fall, under deep digging of the soil, it is recommended to add 2-4 kg of humus or compost per 1 m², before the spring digging - 20-40 g of superphosphate, 15-20 g of ammonium sulfate, 15-20 g of potassium salt. Fertilizer doses are approximate. Specific doses should be calculated based on agrochemical analysis of soil samples.

Reproduction of asters

Asters are best grown by seedling method - this speeds up and lengthens their flowering. To obtain seedlings, asters are sown in a room at the end of March in a box with garden soil. Top it up with a thin layer of earth (1 cm), carefully watered and covered with foil or glass. Aster seeds have a dense shell, but they germinate quickly - 3-5 days after sowing at an air temperature of 18-20 degrees. It is best to take seeds from last year's harvest.

Seedlings are watered moderately, and with the appearance of two true leaves, they dive (plant) in a box with a height of 8 cm and a distance between plants of 3 cm. When diving, the roots of asters are cut. Further - moderate watering and loosening. As soon as possible, young plants should be taken out into fresh air.

By the time of planting, the seedlings should have a strong stem 6-10 cm high and 5-7 large green leaves. The time of disembarkation in the flower garden is from the beginning of May. Asters are not afraid of light frosts, they tolerate transplantation well and quickly take root. Distance between plants when planting: high varieties - 40 cm, medium - 30, low - 15 cm.

Aster seeds can be sown directly into the ground as soon as the ground thaws. At the same time, plants are better hardened, less susceptible to diseases, but bloom later.

Asters tolerate transplanting well during flowering. After the onset of frost, you can dig a plant with a clod of earth, plant it in a pot and put it on the window - the aster will continue to bloom.

Aster pests

Bud aphids damage young plants even in seedlings, when plants have only 3-4 true leaves. Bud aphids cause leaf deformation at the top of plants. The leaves seem to wrinkle.

Control measures: spraying with chlorophos, karbofos, depis or Inta-Vir is used. Spraying should be done early when the plants have no more than four true leaves.

In addition to aphids, aster can be damaged by tobacco thrips, slobbering pennits, meadow bugs. In the south of the country, it is severely damaged by the sunflower moth. To combat them, approved and commercially available drugs are used.

Annual aster (Callistephus chinensis)
Annual aster (Callistephus chinensis)

Diseases of asters

Fusarium wilt, or aster fusarium, is a fungal disease that is caused by one of the fungi of the Fusarium genus. The disease usually manifests itself in adult plants, in the budding phase and the beginning of flowering. Radical measures to combat the disease have not yet been invented. However, there are preventive control measures that can reduce the incidence.

It is very important for the aster to create a crop rotation on the site, and on large areas - a crop rotation. Aster should alternate with other flower and vegetable plants so that it returns to its original place no earlier than after 5, preferably 6 years.

Manure and fresh compost should not be applied to the area that is being prepared for planting asters, but only humus and well-rotted compost. Increase field resistance to fusarium all the methods that help to increase the physiological resistance of plants, namely: pre-sowing treatment of seeds with solutions of microelements, growing healthy, strong seedlings, foliar dressing with macro- and micronutrient fertilizers. Plants should not be planted densely, it is necessary that the aisles are well ventilated and water does not stagnate at the root collar.

Plants affected by fusarium should be removed from the site or from the flower garden as early as possible. In no case should they be buried in the ground or put into compost. They definitely need to be burned. And of course, it is very important to choose the varieties that are most resistant to fusarium for planting. And there are quite a few such varieties.

In a damp summer, in addition to fusarium, aster can be affected by gray rot, verticillosis, powdery mildew. In the fight against these diseases, periodic treatments with drugs such as basezol help.

Occasionally, viral diseases appear on the aster - jaundice and cucumber mosaic. For the prevention of these diseases, it is necessary to deal with periodically appearing aphids. It is the main carrier of viral diseases in plants. Plants infected with viruses are removed and burned as soon as possible. They should not be buried or composted.

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