Star Aspidistra. Home Care. Photo

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Star Aspidistra. Home Care. Photo
Star Aspidistra. Home Care. Photo

Video: Star Aspidistra. Home Care. Photo

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Aspidistra 'Spektacular' 2023, January
Anonim

The name of the genus comes from the Greek. aspis is a shield and astron is a star and probably refers to the shape of a stigma. About 8 species common in East Asia. Aspidistra is one of the oldest plants in the world. For its unpretentiousness, it was often called the "cast iron plant". One of the advantages of aspidistra is that it tolerates polluted, gassed air well. Aspidistra is not very responsive to excess or lack of moisture and the composition of the soil is not particularly important for it. Therefore, aspidistra can be safely recommended to novice flower growers, as well as to those who have no time to engage in careful plant care.

Star Aspidistra
Star Aspidistra

Content:

  • Description of aspidistra
  • Growing aspidistra
  • Aspidistra care
  • Transplant and substrate
  • Reproduction of aspidistra
  • Types of aspidistra
  • Diseases and pests

Description of aspidistra

Aspidistra (Aspidistra), a genus of perennial stemless grasses of the lily family. From 6 to 8 species are known, distributed in the Yuzh mountains. and Vost. Asia, Japan. In Russia, A. lurida (A. elatior) is often cultivated in greenhouses and rooms under the name “friendly family” (the old generic name is plectogine); suffers a lot of shading. In the subtropics, it can also be cultivated in the open field.

Plants with basal evergreen leathery leaves and small flowers, sitting on short pedicels near the surface of the earth. A profusely branched rhizome is hidden under the ground. Each green leaf belongs to a separate vertical shoot. There are usually other leaves as well. They are small, scaly, without petiole and leaf blade. The function of these scales is to protect the developing green leaf, to help it break through the soil.

After the formation of a single green leaf, the growth point stops developing. This can be guessed by the base of the leaf blade rolled up in the form of a funnel. The growth point was located just in the depths of this funnel. Flowers with a leathery brownish-violet perianth are formed in the axils of scaly leaves, but aspidistra blooms only sporadically.

Aspidistra at home is considered not only a beautiful, but also a useful plant, since by the swaying of the leaves they learn about the presence of poisonous snakes crawling in the thickets and touching the stalks. Aspidistra is used in medicine: medicinal substances contain all parts of the plant. They are used for cramps, gastrointestinal diseases, diarrhea, pain in muscles and stones in the urinary system.

Aspidistra is irreplaceable when decorating rooms with insufficient illumination and changing temperature conditions. Large tubular specimens serve as a good decoration for halls, vestibules, winter gardens. In Japan, aspidistra leaves are often used in the preparation of various flower arrangements.

Aspidistra
Aspidistra

Growing aspidistra

Temperature: Grows well in moderate conditions. In winter, it requires coolness, preferably no higher than 15 ° C, the optimum temperature is +10.. +12 ° C, at least 5 ° C. If kept in winter at temperatures above 20 ° C, regular spraying is required.

Lighting: In summer, shade from direct sunlight, light partial shade. In winter, the aspidistra needs good lighting.

Watering: Abundant from spring to autumn, moderate or sparse in winter, depending on temperature.

Fertilizer: From April to September, every two weeks, they are fed with a special liquid fertilizer for indoor plants.

Humidity: Aspidistra only tolerates dry air if it is not too hot. However, regular spraying and washing of the leaves only has a beneficial effect on the plant.

Transplant: Since aspidistra does not tolerate transplantation, it is transplanted as needed - after 3-4 years, in the spring. The soil is a mixture of sod land (2 parts), leafy (1 part), humus (1 part), peat (1 part) and sand (1 part).

Reproduction: In the spring, dividing the bush during transplantation. Aspidistra can also be propagated by a leaf, using a special technology.

The variegated form of aspidistra requires good lighting
The variegated form of aspidistra requires good lighting

Aspidistra care

Aspidistra is considered an unpretentious and shade-tolerant plant. Aspidistra achieves full decorativeness only with good care.

Withstands a lack of light, moisture, drafts, dustiness, tobacco smoke, poor soil, temperature changes, but responds to good care conditions with the luxurious development of leaves. It is afraid of waterlogging of the soil, especially at low temperatures.

Aspidistra does not require a sunny location, it can be kept on the north side and at some distance from the window. Can be grown without sunlight using fluorescent lamps for 16 hours a day. For the variegated form, good lighting is required, with a lack of it, the variegated color of the leaves is lost.

Aspidistra tolerates room temperatures well. The temperature in the room does not really matter - both warm and cool rooms are suitable. In the autumn-winter period, the optimum temperature is within 16 ° C.

In the spring-summer period, watered abundantly, but the earthen lump should not be excessively waterlogged, but also not overdried. It is optimal to water in such a way that the top layer of the substrate dries slightly between waterings. In the autumn-winter period, watered moderately, a day or two after the top layer of the earth dries up. Use soft water for irrigation.

Air humidity does not play a significant role. The leaves are washed regularly (preferably twice a week), this procedure has a positive effect on the well-being of the plant.

During the growing season, aspidistra are fed once every two to three weeks with mineral and organic fertilizers of diluted concentration. In the autumn-winter period, they do not feed. It is not recommended to feed aspidistra with a variegated form, since this will cause it to lose the variegated color of its leaves.

Aspidistra with dark green leaves is considered one of the most unpretentious indoor plants. There is also a more beautiful variety with variegated leaves, but it is more demanding to care for, for example, it requires better lighting.

Transplant and substrate

Aspidistra does not tolerate a transplant, so it is carried out as needed. Adult plants are usually transplanted every two years, in early spring, at the same time they can be propagated by dividing the rhizome. When planting, the aspidistra needs roomy dishes, a nutrient mixture composed of turf, humus earth and sand (3: 3: 1). You can use a mixture of leafy soil, turf soil, humus and sand (2: 2: 2: 1).

I would like to note that sod land taken from the clover field (enriched with nitrogen, which is produced by nodule bacteria developing on the roots of legumes) is especially useful for all ornamental-deciduous plants. But not everyone has the opportunity to purchase such land, so you can purchase conventional ready-made soil mixtures with a high nitrogen content.

When growing aspidistra, you should pay attention to the fact that, like all plants that reproduce by dividing the rhizome, after transplantation, and even more so dividing, it may not grow for a long time, and if the roots are damaged, then it can hurt.

After transplantation and even more division, aspidistra may not grow for a long time
After transplantation and even more division, aspidistra may not grow for a long time

Reproduction of aspidistra

In the spring, dividing the bush during transplantation. Aspidistra can also be propagated by a leaf, using a special technology. It consists in the fact that a healthy leaf without a petiole is cut off from aspidistra, so that a thick fleshy nodule at the base of the leaf (formed by reduced leaves similar to a sheath) is preserved. Then the leaf slice is dried and placed in a bottle of water (a bottle with a wide neck, like kefir). The bottle is closed with a lid and covered with plasticine so that air does not get there.

The bottle is placed in a warm and bright place. When the roots appear on the leaf cut, it is taken out and planted in loose (preferably leafy) soil and covered with a jar or placed in a room greenhouse. If the roots did not appear, and the end of the leaf began to deteriorate and rot, then you can cut it off to healthy tissue (only in the place of thickening of the leaf) and put it back in the bottle in clean water.

Types of aspidistra

Aspidistra high (Aspidistra elatior Blume)

Homeland - subtropical forests of southern China and Japan. This species is actively used in indoor and greenhouse floriculture, has a number of varieties. A perennial herb with a creeping aboveground or underground articulated rhizome. On high petioles, shiny dark green leaves, reminiscent of lily of the valley, rise, only much larger. Leaves are glossy, hard, elastic, their plate is broadly oval or broadly lanceolate, up to 50 cm long, 15 cm wide, turning into a long petiole.

At the base of almost every such leaf, there are 1-2 reduced scale-like leaves enclosing a petiole like a sheath. There are so many leaves and they are all so closely spaced that the people called the aspidistru "a friendly family." Flowers appear on the rhizome near the soil surface. The perianth is broadly bell-shaped, with 8 lobes, yellow-brown or crimson-brown. 8 stamens are attached to the perianth tube. The fruit is berry-like, single-seeded.

Aspidistra high (Aspidistra elatior)
Aspidistra high (Aspidistra elatior)

Diseases and pests

Slow plant growth

The reason may be a lack of nitrogen in the soil.

Control measures: it is necessary to feed the plant with a urea solution (1 g / l).

Withered leaves

The reason may be overdrying or waterlogging of the earthen coma. Another reason may be that the substrate is too heavy.

Control measures: adjust watering. Change the substrate to a more suitable one.

The leaves lose color, the leaves turn pale

Lack of light may be the reason. Adjust the illumination. If the plant is in shade for a long period, then it is necessary to accustom to more lighting gradually. In winter, illumination with fluorescent lamps is desirable.

Dry brown leaf tips

The reason may be too dry indoor air or lack of watering.

Dark spots appeared on the leaves

Hypothermia or drafts may be the cause. Disease may be another cause.

Leaf yellowing

Perhaps this indicates either the aging of the plant, or that the rhizome has begun to rot. In this case, reduce watering and treat the plant with fungicides, and the soil with potassium permanganate (0.2% solution).

Sunburn

Brown or brown spots appearing at the edges and tips of the leaves.

Control measures: Place the plant in a shaded area.

Infectious chlorosis

The leaves turn yellow, the petals of the flowers turn green and the color changes.

Control measures: destroy the diseased plant.

Aspidistric and fern scale insects

Small sucking insects, have mobility in the stage of larvae, called "vagrants". After the stray are sucked to the underside of the leaf, their body is covered with a hard shield. With severe infection, the leaves turn yellow and fall off. A sooty fungus settles on the sticky secretions of scabies.

Control measures: manually remove the scale insects and wash the leaves with soapy water. For severe infection, treat with karbofos or fufanon.

Red spider mite

With a red spider mite, a silvery, very thin cobweb appears on the back of the leaves, the leaves turn brown and gradually dry out.

Control measures: regularly humidify the air and spray the plant with warm water. Cover it with a clear plastic bag for a few days. In case of severe infection, treat with actellik.

Looking forward to your advice!

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