Video: Irga. Chokeberry. Similar But Still Different. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Ornamental Deciduous, Flowering. Fruit-berry Bushes. Garden Plants. Application, Properties. A Photo
2023 Author: Ava Durham | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-09-21 16:14
Irga and black mountain ash belong to the same family - Rosaceae. These bushes are united by the fact that their berries contain a huge amount of vitamin P, which makes them indispensable for people of advanced age and prone to diseases of the circulatory system, since they have the ability to well strengthen the walls of blood vessels, thus preventing a heart attack.
Black mountain ash, or chokeberry, is a deciduous shrub 0.5-2 m high. Its homeland is part of eastern North America. Leaves are broadly oval with solid edges; they are usually bright green in summer and turn red in autumn. Flowers are collected in 10-35 pieces in inflorescences-shields. Corollas are white, occasionally pink, quite a lot of stamens, pistil with a lower ovary.
Chokeberry fruits are round, black with a bluish bloom, occasionally dark red, sweet, slightly tart. They include fructose, glucose, organic acids, sucrose and tannins, as well as vitamins C, P, B1, B2, F, E, EE, salts of molybdenum, copper, manganese, boron. They are consumed fresh and also dried, jelly, jam, jam, marmalade, juice, compote, wine are prepared from them, and a dye for confectionery, drinks, and medicines is obtained.
Berries can be stored for a long time, and at zero temperature - all winter. They have the ability to remove and bind metal salts from the body. It should be noted that fresh fruits and juice from them lower blood pressure. But for some diseases of the stomach with high acidity, it is not recommended to use them.
Chokeberry is propagated by seeds, layering, dividing the bush, grafting and cuttings. The bush begins to bear fruit in the 3-5th year, and every year there are more berries. High yields - 56-128 c / ha - chokeberry bush gives up to 20 years. It blooms at the beginning of the mint, after the leaves bloom. The fruits begin to ripen around August - September and do not crumble until the onset of frost. The plant is cold-resistant. It is grown in well-lit areas, but it needs moist soil. Resistant to pests and diseases.
Black mountain ash seeds should be stratified before planting. In spring or autumn, 2-3-year-old seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place. It should be planted at a distance of 3 m from each other or with a feeding area of 4x2 or 3x3-2.5 m. After planting, cut off, leaving a stump 15-20 cm high with 5-6 buds. During growth, the aisles are treated, the bushes are fed and shaped: unnecessary shoots are cut out, while leaving 10-12 well-developed ones.
Irga is a bush up to 3.5 m in height with ovoid or elliptical leaves, serrated at the edges. The homeland of the Irgi is Southern Europe, Asia Minor, North Africa and the Caucasus. As an ornamental plant distributed throughout Europe. Runs wild easily. Looks beautiful in hedges.
Inflorescence - 5-8-flower thyroid racemes. Flowers with a white corolla, 20 stamens and a pistil with 2-4 columns. Irga blooms in April-May, while the fruits ripen in July-August. Collect them in 3-4 receptions. Begins to bear fruit from 3-4 years, and the bush can live up to 40 years.
Fruits are juicy, round, small, almost black with a bluish bloom. They contain sugars, tannins, dyes, acids, vitamins C (up to 40%), A and a cholesterol antagonist - sitosterol, recommended to lower blood cholesterol, betamine - a substance that prevents the occurrence of ulcers and liver degeneration. The berries have bactericidal, antitumor and anti-inflammatory effects.
They are consumed fresh, made from them jelly, marshmallow, jam with other fruits, compotes, wine, dried, frozen. The juice from fresh fruits has astringent properties and is used as a medicinal drink.
Irga has high frost resistance, unpretentiousness. Propagated by dividing the bush, root cuttings, seeds. Ornamental plant, good honey plant. In culture, there are also canadian and spike irga.
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