Palm. False Palms. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Kinds. Houseplants. Decorative Deciduous. Photo

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Palm. False Palms. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Kinds. Houseplants. Decorative Deciduous. Photo
Palm. False Palms. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Kinds. Houseplants. Decorative Deciduous. Photo
Video: Palm. False Palms. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Diseases And Pests. Kinds. Houseplants. Decorative Deciduous. Photo
Video: Common Pests and Diseases of Palms 2023, February
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There are about three thousand species of palm trees on Earth. The birthplace of these trees is the tropics and subtropics, where they reach enormous sizes.

If for the inhabitants of tropical countries palm trees have long been an important source of livelihood, then in the northern regions these beautiful exotic plants are a magnificent decoration for greenhouses and interiors.

Even at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, palm trees were an indispensable attribute of living quarters and winter gardens, but then they lost their popularity. Nowadays, the decorative qualities of these plants are appreciated at their true worth, and they again lead in interior gardening, bringing in a touch of exoticism, recalling distant countries and travels. And this tree is also associated with luxury. It is not for nothing that they say “living under the palm trees” means to lead a beautiful and comfortable existence, a real paradise life.

Hamerops (Chamaerops)
Hamerops (Chamaerops)

© blumenbiene

Fanned fingers

Palm trees belong to the tree-like plants, the palm family, or arecaceae. The lignified stem usually ends with feathery or fan-shaped leaves up to 3 m long. There are bushy and even dwarf palms. Flowers appear in the leaf axils and are collected in an inflorescence in the form of panicles. Leaf scars give a special decorative effect to the plant trunk.

By the shape of the leaves, pinnate and fan-leaved palms are distinguished. Here are the most popular ones.

  • Coconut palm (Latin Cocos nucifera). She has very sparse, long, grouped in pairs leaves. As the plant develops, the lower branches die off and new ones appear at the top of the main stem and eventually form the trunk. Coconut is a slow growing palm tree and is usually bought as a curiosity. If you do not have large areas, buy a microcellum - a miniature copy of a coconut tree.
  • Date palm (Latin Phoenix). Large, feathery, bluish-green leaves of the date are effectively arranged around a powerful trunk covered with remnants of the base of the leaves. The date is beautiful, graceful and it is quite possible to grow it yourself.
  • Hovea (kentia) (lat.Howea). Elegant indoor palm with long, graceful leaves that grow very slowly. Usually one or two new leaves appear a year, so three to four copies are usually planted in a pot. With good care, the hovea can grow up to three meters.
  • Trachycarpus (lat.Trachycarpus). One of the most cold-resistant palms. For example, in Sochi, it grows in the open field. In indoor conditions, its trunk reaches three meters in height. The top is decorated with a bunch of fan-shaped leaves, and the stalk has thorns, the palm trunk is effectively covered with brown fibers, i.e. the remains of dead leaves.
  • Hamedorea (lat.Chamaedorea). If you do not have a lot of space, but you want to start a palm tree, choose a hamedorea. This is an ideal tree for living quarters: its growth is no more than a meter, it is unpretentious and blooms, being very young. Its light yellow flowers are collected in a slightly drooping panicle and bloom regardless of the season. The fruits of chamedorea are like small blue berries.
  • Chrysalidocarpus (lat.Chrysalidocarpus). A very beautiful palm tree with abundantly branching at the base, yellowish stems, with graceful feathery green leaves. An extremely elegant palm tree.
  • Hamerops (lat.Chamaerops). Due to its slow growth and unpretentiousness in the culture, hamerops is one of the most popular indoor palms. With its fan-shaped leaves, it resembles a hedgehog.
  • Rapis (lat.Rhapis). Perfection of forms is one of the advantages of rapese. Thin graceful stems of a palm tree, forming thickets, resemble reeds. Therefore, the plant is sometimes called the reed palm. Its leaves are much smaller than that of other types of palms, divided into 7-10 segments. Petioles of old leaves, remaining on the stems, create a kind of fibrous coating. There are variegated varieties with yellow and green specks on the leaves. By the way, rapese is a plant that reacts to polluted air in a room.
Date palm (Phoenix)
Date palm (Phoenix)

© Forest & Kim Starr

False palms

Some houseplants are called false palms because of their lignified leafless stem with a bunch of leaves at the top. These include such beautiful and majestic trees as dracaena, cordilina, yucca, pandanus. If you can't grow a real one, get a fake palm tree in your house. In addition, they are often unpretentious in care. For example, elephant-footed yucca will tolerate light shade, drafts, and underfilling. The only thing she doesn't like, like real palms, is overflow. There are various types of yucca - aloe, narrow-leaved, gray, fibrous (it is covered with large white, purple, bell-like flowers). Pandanuses will also decorate the house. Their sharp, gracefully curved, spiral-shaped leaves with creamy, white or yellowish stripes around the edges resemble pineapple leaves.And the aerial roots-stilts add exotic. But if there are small children in the house, it is better to refuse this plant, because the thorns along the edge of the sheet can injure the child. And how many types of dracaena exist! They are quite undemanding to care for and so good. For example, one of the most popular "Order Ribbon" with white-green leaves around the stem resembles a sails on a mast. And the narrow leaves of dracaena, bordered at the top of a thin tree-like stem, are exactly like a palm tree. Cordilina looks like a dracaena as a sister, it's not for nothing that they are often confused. Flower lovers choose cordilina for the bright red color of the upper leaves (it is not without reason that it is also called a tree - Fire-breathing dragon). You just need to remember that the plant is not for beginners, it is suitable for those who have some experience in handling indoor flowers.it is better to refuse this plant, because the thorns along the edge of the leaf can injure the child. And how many types of dracaena exist! They are quite undemanding to care for and so good. For example, one of the most popular "Order Ribbon" with white-green leaves around the stem resembles a sails on a mast. And the narrow leaves of dracaena, bordered at the top of a thin tree-like stem, are exactly like a palm tree. Cordilina looks like a dracaena as a sister, it's not for nothing that they are often confused. Flower lovers choose cordilina for the bright red color of the upper leaves (it is not without reason that it is also called a tree - Fire-breathing dragon). You just need to remember that the plant is not for beginners, it is suitable for those who have some experience in handling indoor flowers.it is better to refuse this plant, because the thorns along the edge of the leaf can injure the child. And how many types of dracaena exist! They are quite undemanding to care for and so good. For example, one of the most popular "Order Ribbon" with white-green leaves around the stem resembles a sails on a mast. And the narrow leaves of dracaena, bordered at the top of a thin tree-like stem, are exactly like a palm tree. Cordilina looks like a dracaena as a sister, it's not for nothing that they are often confused. Flower lovers choose cordilina for the bright red color of the upper leaves (it is not without reason that it is also called a tree - Fire-breathing dragon). You just need to remember that the plant is not for beginners, it is suitable for those who have some experience in handling indoor flowers.They are quite undemanding to care for and so good. For example, one of the most popular "Order Ribbon" with white-green leaves around the stem resembles a sails on a mast. And the narrow leaves of dracaena, bordered at the top of a thin tree-like stem, are exactly like a palm tree. Cordilina looks like a dracaena as a sister, it's not for nothing that they are often confused. Flower lovers choose cordilina for the bright red color of the upper leaves (it is not without reason that it is also called a tree - Fire-breathing dragon). You just need to remember that the plant is not for beginners, it is suitable for those who have some experience in handling indoor flowers.They are quite undemanding to care for and so good. For example, one of the most popular "Order Ribbon" with white-green leaves around the stem resembles a sails on a mast. And the narrow leaves of dracaena, bordered at the top of a thin tree-like stem, are exactly like a palm tree. Cordilina looks like a dracaena as a sister, it's not for nothing that they are often confused. Flower lovers choose cordilina for the bright red color of the upper leaves (it is not without reason that it is also called a tree - Fire-breathing dragon). You just need to remember that the plant is not for beginners, it is suitable for those who have some experience in handling indoor flowers.Cordilina looks like a dracaena as a sister, it's not for nothing that they are often confused. Flower lovers choose cordilina for the bright red color of the upper leaves (it is not without reason that it is also called a tree - Fire-breathing dragon). You just need to remember that the plant is not for beginners, it is suitable for those who have some experience in handling indoor flowers.Cordilina looks like a dracaena as a sister, it's not for nothing that they are often confused. Flower lovers choose cordilina for the bright red color of the upper leaves (it is not without reason that it is also called a tree - Fire-breathing dragon). You just need to remember that the plant is not for beginners, it is suitable for those who have some experience in handling indoor flowers.

Rapis (Rhapis)
Rapis (Rhapis)

© Eric in SF

Ambulance

Palm trees are quite hardy plants. But they also get sick. Here are the most common palm problems.

Brown leaf tips. The most likely reason is dry air (especially in winter in heated rooms), insufficient watering. It happens that the reason is in the cold air, because even from touching cold glass in winter, a palm tree can react in this way. But the most common reason is still insufficient humidity.

Brown spots on the leaves. This serves as a signal of waterlogging of the soil, the use of very hard water for irrigation. It may also be a consequence of a sharp drop in temperature.

Yellowing foliage. Lack of watering. In the summer, the soil must be constantly moist.

Young leaves dry up. Too much sunlight, provide the plant with diffused light.

The lower leaves dry out. In many palms, the lower leaves darken and die off with age. They are removed with a sharp knife, cutting as close to the trunk as possible.

The plant does not develop. Too cold and damp, lack of nutrients. Move the palm to a warmer place, let the soil dry. In summer, "feed" the palm tree every two weeks.

Spray and water the plant regularly with soft, warm water. Trim the ends, being careful to leave a thin dry line over the healthy tissue.

Let's protect

Of the pests of the palm tree, the most annoying are scale insects, spider mites, mealybugs, thrips.

Trachycarpus (Trachycarpus)
Trachycarpus (Trachycarpus)

© blumenbiene

Shields. The fact that this harmful "beast" has settled on the tree is indicated by brown plaques on the surface of leaves and stems. The scabbards suck out cell juice and the leaves dry and fall off.

Spider mite. The appearance of this pest is facilitated by too dry (especially in winter) air in apartments. A cobweb appears on the stems of the plant, the leaves wither and fall off.

Mealybug. If white larvae appear in the soil, and white fibrous formations appear in the leaf axils, a mealy mite attacked your favorite palm. Not provided in time help can lead to the death of the plant.

Thrips. Silvery and black spots appear on the leaves.

Hovea (Kentia) (Howea)
Hovea (Kentia) (Howea)

© Forest & Kim Starr

Such a measure helps against all these pests. Wipe the plant with a soapy sponge and rinse with warm water. And then spray with 0.15% actellic solution (1-2 ml per liter of water). Carry out treatments until the pests disappear completely. You can also spray the palms with a solution of karbofos once every 2 weeks, trying to treat the leaf axils well (with mealybug). You can follow the advice of your grandmothers and treat plants, for example from spider mites, with a daily infusion of onions or garlic in a liter of water with the addition of 5 g of soap.

Materials used:

The house will be decorated with palm trees - "My favorite flowers" 11.2009

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