Table of contents:
- Advantages and features of the autumn bookmark bulbous for a pot garden
- Selection of bulbous stars for pot arrangements
- Possibilities of combination in pot ensembles
- Simple rules for planting bulbs in pots in autumn
- Autumn planting care for a spring start in a potted garden
As soon as the last spring stars from among the bulbous have faded, every gardener is already looking forward to the opportunity to dig up their favorite plants for a dormant period, in order to then increase their collection. Early autumn is a fertile time when there is a chance to introduce new accents and blooming spots into the garden design, to lay the foundation for a special mood and a colorful start of the long-awaited season. And to get to work in a period favorable for planting bulbs is not only on flower beds, ridges, in landscape compositions and mixborders. After all, there is a place for the bulbous in the potted garden. Having planted the bulbs in time, you will meet the long-awaited warmth with gentle flowering and splendor of colors of the most spectacular bulb stars.
Advantages and features of the autumn bookmark bulbous for a pot garden
Most gardeners choose to plant potted plants in the spring. But it would be a big mistake to think that the bulbs of the most beloved spring stars - crocuses, daffodils, tulips and even muscari can only overwinter indoors or in the soil in a flower bed or rabat. For a potted garden, plants are best planted at the same time as for open ground. This strategy has many advantages:
- After the summer period, the plants enter the ground at the optimal time that best suits their needs.
- Bulbous ones adapt better to the winter period and will be more resistant.
- You will save a lot of time during the “hottest” gardening season, free up many hours for much more important gardening chores, but at the same time you will not be left without the miracle of flowering spring plants in a potted garden on a terrace or in a recreation area.
- Bulbous plants, planted in pots not in spring, but in autumn, will bloom much earlier than competitors and present you with a real surprise at the very beginning of the season.
It's never too late to experiment with planting bulbs. Plants can be planted both in classic groups and create original potted gardens and miniature compositions equal in beauty to large flower gardens. True, experiments with color, varieties with shapes are somewhat complicated by the fact that you cannot see the crops themselves and you need to focus on the quality of sorting the bulbs and take into account the data of future flowering. But this disadvantage has a downside: thanks to the autumn planting, surprises will always await you, plants may unexpectedly appear in the wrong compositions in which you expected to see them. And if, due to a simple mistake or carelessness, you suddenly find a real shining star with a bright color among a gentle background, it is unlikely that such a surprise will seem like a disadvantage to you.
The hardest part about planting bulbs for a spring potted garden in autumn is waiting. It is really not easy to endure the long months of autumn and winter and finally see firsthand what the foundations of spring compositions laid down at the beginning of autumn will turn out to be. But patience will pay off. Magical classic bulbous and exotic plants, sunny, pastel, romantic colors and surprisingly delicate shapes, only seemingly fragile flowers will become the main decoration of the spring garden and amaze with much more power of flowering than with the usual approach.
But the rest of the autumn laying of a potted bulbous garden is very simple. First of all, do not forget about the main rule of planting: do not mix dozens of different types of plants with each other. In pots, the more beautiful the bulbous, the simpler the composition. An ensemble of just one plant variety, flowers of the same tone, filling all the spaces of the pot, always looks the most advantageous. But the period of their flowering will be limited in time. So it is better to mix 2-3 plants with each other, which will complement and "pick up" each other. If we are talking about a large capacity, there you can mix 3-5 types of well-complementary bulbous with different heights, which together will create a complete composition. But in small containers, 2 plants are enough. What you should definitely not do is mix dozens of varieties,actually planting 1-2 onions. This approach will lead to the fact that no plant will reveal its beauty.
Selection of bulbous stars for pot arrangements
The choice of plants and their varieties requires an individual approach. You should focus not only on beauty and color, but also on size and endurance. Without exception, all primroses are suitable, from snowdrops and crocuses to scilla. But you should pay attention to the more catchy stars.
Among daffodils, the low-growing varieties with the greatest resistance will be the classic choice for the pot garden. They look neat, graceful, delight both with the beauty of the leaves and the abundance of flowers. An excellent choice would be the already "golden classic" variety "Tet-a-tete" or the legendary "Rip Van Winkle", Mini-daffodils, which look favorably in the foreground of flower beds, are especially good in compositions in a pot garden, surprising with catchiness and showiness. Terry inflorescences of these two varieties resemble fluffy brushes. Fans of non-double varieties will surely like the waist daffodil, which also belongs to the short stature and stands out for the special porcelain texture of its petals.
As carefully as daffodils, you should choose tulips. Not all varieties of these bulbs are suitable for the potted cultivation form, and the tulips themselves must be correctly emphasized. In pots, the varieties of the Kaufman group are considered the absolute favorites among the diverse tulips. Low-growing, beginning their flowering in March, they flaunt very large flowers similar to bright stars. Suitable for a pot garden and tulip varieties that produce more than 3-4 flowers on one peduncle, for example, the spectacular Praestans Fusilier variety.
When choosing hyacinths, you can be much more daring. Without exception, all varieties and varieties of these plants look great in a potted form. Moreover, in separate containers, hyacinths always look like a miniature flower garden. Terry varieties are especially effective, which in the company of classic bulbous ones seem like real aristocrats. Unlike other bulbous, shades and colors can be mixed for hyacinths to create romantic multi-colored compositions.
The Persian hazel grouse, which also prefers planting in early autumn, looks great in a potted garden. The rich color of the inflorescences, reminiscent of ripe plums, seems extravagant against the background of the classic spring stars from the bulbous family.
Never get lost in the company of traditional bulbous and wonderful garden forget-me-not. Delicate blue flowers, which can be placed both in separate containers, and mixed with large-flowered soloists, for example, tulips, will bring a bright spring tenderness.
Possibilities of combination in pot ensembles
When choosing plant combinations, the main task should be to extend the flowering time. Tulips and daffodils are the main stars of potted gardens. But they are just beginning to break through and form leaves when snowdrops, crocuses, muscari, spring flowers and other primroses are already actively blooming. Try to plant the plants in tiers for mixed compositions, focusing on the timing of flowering. Moreover, they have tiers both in the literal and figurative sense. Tulip bulbs need to be planted much deeper than crocus or snowdrop bulbs. Thus, in a pot, plants are located at different depths and bloom at different times: while the primroses are blooming with might and main, tulips will only begin to hatch.
Until February, until the first signs of the beginning of growth of primroses appear, the pots will actually stand empty. They can be planted with catch crops that can beautify the garden in autumn and even winter. At the same time, it is better to choose plants whose root system will not damage the bulbous ones themselves and will not deplete the soil too much. Winter Erica, pansies or ornamental cabbage are quite suitable for the role of temporary inhabitants of containers with bulbs.
Can be combined with bulbs and perennials. They may well be a potted plant and kadochnym woody, herbaceous perennials such as santolina, thyme, Heuchera, lavender, Arabis, Bergenia, boxwood, cereals (especially Ira, which today are increasingly introduced into decoration potted gardens), ivy and other zimnezelenym stars. And as if their sudden appearance next to more "permanent" plants will always surprise you no less than on a full-fledged flower garden.
Simple rules for planting bulbs in pots in autumn
It is imperative to lay a high drainage layer at the bottom of the container. It is necessary to protect the bulb from decay not only in the warm season, but also in winter during a thaw.
The planting process itself is quite simple
- A drainage with a height of at least 5-6 cm is poured onto the bottom of the container.
- A prepared high-quality substrate is poured over the drainage to a height equal to the optimum planting depth of bulbous (2-3 their heights).
- The substrate is neatly leveled, but not compacted. On top of it, onions are installed, trying to prevent them from touching the walls and each other. The optimum planting distance for potted plants can be reduced by leaving at least half the bulb diameter, and placing them much more frequently than when planting outdoors.
- After installing the bulbs, the soil is filled up. On top, if desired, herbaceous plants are planted - perennials or annual crops, which should decorate the end of the season.
If you want to create a composition with several "floors" of bulbous, early flowering crops are buried in the soil after the substrate is completely poured into the pot (and perennial plants are planted). They are simply planted, manually buried at the desired frequency or in between the plants. Immediately after planting, the potted substrate must be thoroughly moistened.
Autumn planting care for a spring start in a potted garden
The rules for planting bulbous plants in pots in autumn are almost no different from planting them in open ground. But care and further maintenance need to be paid much more attention. Immediately after planting is complete, containers with bulbs must be placed in a protected place. The moisture content of the soil for bulbous plants must be maintained stably-light, without overmoistening the substrate, but also not allowing the earth to dry out.
The bulbs do not lose their frost resistance. But planted in pots, they need additional protection from the winter cold. The thing is that unstable conditions, thaws, alternating with severe frosts can harm the bulbs as well as excess melt water. With the onset of cold weather, the pots must be wrapped by placing them in cardboard boxes and insulating them with dry foliage or shavings (or wrapping the containers with burlap, bubble wrap, other non-woven materials with a small layer of dry leaves inside).
From the moment the first signs of growth appear in spring, bulbous plants need active care, consisting of the same watering and feeding as for ordinary potted plants. Top dressing for them is applied weekly, and irrigation - in accordance with the state of the substrate. Active care is not stopped until the plants enter the resting phase and their leaves turn yellow. If you want to leave the bulbs in pots and grow them in this particular form, then it is enough to place containers with a completely dry substrate for the summer in the room, stop watering and feeding the plants and do not take them back until autumn arrives. Or you can always dig them up like regular bulbs, then plant them in the garden, and use the container for new plants.