Amaryllis Belladonna. Care, Reproduction, Cultivation At Home. Photo

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Amaryllis Belladonna. Care, Reproduction, Cultivation At Home. Photo
Amaryllis Belladonna. Care, Reproduction, Cultivation At Home. Photo

Video: Amaryllis Belladonna. Care, Reproduction, Cultivation At Home. Photo

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Video: Growing Belladonna or Pink Amaryllis or Naked Lady from Bulbs - part 1 with actual results 2023, January
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Amaryllis is a plant from South Africa. It is a genus of plants of the Amaryllidaceae family, isolated and described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. As an indoor crop, one of its species, amaryllis belladonna, is very common and popular. This is facilitated by the extraordinary beauty of the flowering of this plant and the relatively simple care for it at home. How to grow amaryllis belladonna, we will tell in the article.

Amaryllis belladonna, or Amaryllis beauty
Amaryllis belladonna, or Amaryllis beauty

Content:

  • Botanical features of amaryllis belladonna
  • Caring for amaryllis at home - in brief
  • Features of growing amarylliss
  • Why doesn't amaryllis bloom?
  • Reproduction of amaryllis
  • Amaryllis transplant
  • Amaryllis pests and diseases

Botanical features of amaryllis belladonna

The genus Amaryllis (Amaryllis), consists of two types:

  • Amaryllis belladonna, or Amaryllis beauty (Amaryllis belladonna).
  • Amaryllis paradisicola, described in 1998 and not widely cultivated.

Previously, the genus Amaryllis included species that are now isolated into a separate genus Hippeastrum (representatives of these two genera are often confused, since they are very similar in appearance).

Belladonna, as an additional definition of the species, is the name of a beautiful shepherdess from the works of the ancient Greek poet Theocritus. Belladonna means a beautiful lady. Amaryllis belladonna is a bulbous plant, the bulb reaches 5-10 cm in diameter.

Amaryllis peduncle is leafless, and the leaves themselves are green, 30-50 cm long and 2-3 cm wide, arranged in two rows. Leaves are formed in autumn or early spring in cold climates and die off until late spring.

At the end of summer, each amaryllis bulb produces one or two bare peduncles reaching 30-60 cm, each of which bears an inflorescence consisting of 2-12 funnel-shaped flowers. Flowers from white to pink shades, there are red and purple colors. Amaryllis flowers are 6-10 cm in diameter and have six petals.

Amaryllis belladonna (Amaryllis belladonna)
Amaryllis belladonna (Amaryllis belladonna)

Caring for amaryllis at home - in brief

Lighting

Amaryllis prefers direct sunlight or bright, diffused light. During dormancy, the bulbs do not need light. Pots with resting bulbs are kept in a dry place at a temperature of about + 10 ° C. Photophilous during growth.

Watering amaryllis

During the dormant period, the plant does not need watering.

  • In winter - limited;
  • Moderate in summer.

Reproduction

Amaryllis is propagated by overgrown daughter bulbs - babies that can be separated from the mother during the spring transplant. Already in the 2-3rd year, flowers appear from the daughter bulbs. If you want many flowering arrows in one flower pot, the solution is simple - do not separate the children from their mother.

Air humidity

No spraying.

Amaryllis feeding

  • spring-summer - once every 2 weeks with mineral and organic fertilizers;
  • winter-autumn - without feeding.

Undercut

Does not need.

Features:

The plant is poisonous!

The dormant period of amaryllis (dry at home) occurs in late autumn and early winter.

Amaryllis belladonna
Amaryllis belladonna

Features of growing amarylliss

There is nothing easier than growing amaryllis: just a bulb, water and sunlight.

As a houseplant, amaryllis is grown until late autumn, while regular watering should not be forgotten, and standard fertilizers should be used as top dressing. When the danger of frost has passed, the plant can be transplanted outside in a well-lit area.

After the plant has bloomed, there is no need to do anything with the vegetative part and the bulbs. It is enough to simply remove the flower stalks of the amaryllis without affecting the leaves, as they will replenish the supply of nutrients in the bulb. After flowering, the bulb should be grown for 5-6 months.

To make the amaryllis bloom in winter, the bulbs must go through a dormant period. In August, you can stop feeding and gradually reduce the amount of water supplied. Stop watering completely after three weeks. Let the leaves turn yellow and wither on their own. Cut the leaves 5 centimeters from the bulb.

In September or early October, plant the amaryllis bulbs in a pot and place in a cool (+ 13 … + 15 ° C), dark and dry place for 6-8 weeks. As long as at least one green leaf remains on the plant, it does not have a dormant period. It is enough to put the pot of bulbs in the basement and forget about it.

In November or later, place the amaryllis pot in a well-lit area, water, and the growing cycle will start over.

The soil should be damp, but in no case wet. After the amaryllis begins to bloom, do not let the soil dry out too much. Remember to turn the pot daily to keep the leaves growing evenly. The ideal temperature is + 13… + 18 ° C. Higher temperatures weaken growth. Be careful: flowering should begin after 4-8 weeks from the moment you resume watering the bulbs.

Why doesn't amaryllis bloom?

Possible reasons for the lack of flowering of amaryllis: immature or small bulbs, too short dormancy, very high temperatures during the growing season. It should be noted that the longer you have a bulb and the larger its size, the more flowers and leaves it produces, so it makes sense to store and use them year after year.

Amaryllis cultivar 'Fred Meyer White'
Amaryllis cultivar 'Fred Meyer White'

Reproduction of amaryllis

All bulbs: hippeastrum, amaryllis, lilies, tulips and others, are propagated by daughter bulbs, which are separated from the mother plant during transplantation. This is the easiest way to propagate such plants.

Planting daughter bulbs of amaryllis is no different from planting the mother plant during transplantation: the same composition of the earth and the height of planting of the bulb. The pot must be taken on the basis of an adult bulb. Young plants grow quickly and reach the size of the mother bulb in two years, and amaryllis often do not need to be transplanted.

The second way of reproduction of amaryllis is by seeds. To get seeds, amaryllis flowers must be cross-pollinated with a brush and allowed to ripen. The seed ripening process lasts about a month, after which they are immediately planted in the ground and watered well so that the earth is moist. Seedlings will appear in about a month. When the plants grow up, they are planted one at a time in small pots.

When propagated by daughter bulbs, a flowering plant can be obtained in the third year, when grown from seeds, amaryllis blooms in the 7th year.

Forcing amaryllis bulbs
Forcing amaryllis bulbs

Amaryllis transplant

Amaryllis is transplanted after the end of flowering and drying of the flower arrow. Land for planting is made up of equal parts of leafy, turf, humus and sand or bought in a store for bulbous plants.

An amaryllis bulb, which was taken out of an old pot, is freed from rotten roots and dry scales, from babies that form in the axils of the outer scales of the mother plant. The onion prepared in this way is planted one by one in a pot so that at least 1/3 of the height of the onion is on the surface. Can be left on the surface up to half the height of the bulb.

There must be a drainage layer in the pot, and it is advisable to pour a layer of sand under the bottom of the bulb. Amaryllis does not tolerate stagnant water. It is much safer to forget to water this flower than to water it. The pot should not be taken too large. From the edge of the bulb to the edge of the pot, it is enough to have about 3 cm of free space.

Usually amaryllis are planted in small flower pots in November-December when the plant has retired. But with the same success, you can plant it in the spring, before the awakening of the plant. At the bottom of the pot, organize drainage from broken shards and only after that fill it with an earth mixture consisting of turf, leaf, peat soil and sand (1: 2: 1: 1).

Before planting, it is very useful to soak the bulb in a solution of Humisol, and then plant it in a pot, burying it halfway into the ground. If a transplant is carried out on a bulb that has already begun to grow, the pot with amaryllis is best placed on the windowsill of the southeast or southwest window, since amaryllis is a light-loving plant. And don't forget to water the planted onion.

Amaryllis in the open field
Amaryllis in the open field

Amaryllis pests and diseases

Sometimes amaryllis can be affected by a fungal infection: red spots or stripes appear on the stem, flowers and bulbs. To prevent this disease, it is recommended to water the plant as little as possible when watering. If amaryllis is still ill, you can use special preparations: Bordeaux mixture, HOM or foundationol.

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