Video: Amaryllis. Pankratius. Valota Purple. Nerina. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Decorative Flowering. Houseplants. Bulbous. Flowers. A Photo
Amaryllis. Very beautifully flowering bulbous plants. Their leaves are linear-lingual. Large flowers with an excellent smell sit on tall tubular flower arrows, gathered in several in an umbrella. The pedicels are curved due to the severity. Large bulbs can form 1-2 flower arrows with 3-4 flowers each.
True amaryllis, although less showy in bloom than its hybrid forms, is widely distributed due to its ability to bloom in rooms in the fall. It has very large pear-shaped bulbs. In summer, the bulbs are completely dormant and should be stored in a dry place. In early autumn, these bulbs are planted one or two in pots and placed on a well-lit window. Planting is done so that the bulbs protrude more than half above the soil. Watering is given moderately, until the flower arrow grows, reaching 40-50 cm. As the peduncle grows, watering is intensified until the flowers appear.
After the amaryllis fades and the leaves begin to turn yellow, the pots are transferred to a cooler room, watering is reduced, and then completely stopped. When the leaves gradually dry out, the bulbs are removed from the pots, cleaned of the soil and stored in a dry place until planting.
Large-flowered forms of amaryllis of hybrid origin, obtained as a result of crossing of various original species, deserve special attention for indoor culture. Of these, amaryllis striped is widely cultivated in rooms. All large-flowered amaryllis are referred by botanists to the genus Hypeastrum. In summer, these plants are kept by open windows or on an outside window sill, protecting them (especially pots) from direct sunlight. Watering is abundant. At the end of growth, even before the onset of cold nights, the plants must be brought into a room with a temperature of 10-12 ° C. During this time, they go through a dormant period. The roots of the bulbs do not die off during the period of temporary suspension of growth; they require occasional watering, so that the earth does not dry out.
Cultivars in which the leaves die off are recommended to be kept drier. Plants with leaves that persist for the winter are placed in more illuminated places.
The bulbs can be kept dormant for a long time if they are not brought into a warm room. The beginning of the growing season depends on when we want to have flowering plants.
© Andreas Heidemann
The most luxurious plant occurs at the beginning of the growing season not earlier than March. In a warm room, a flower arrow begins to grow from the bulb. In this case, they begin to water only when the arrow reaches 8-10 cm in height. With earlier watering, the arrow grows slowly, and the leaves grow. In some varieties, leaves appear only during flowering. Watering is gradually increased by applying warm water.
After the end of flowering and drying of the flower arrow, the bulbs must be transplanted into fresh nutrient soil. The best earthen mixture should consist of deciduous, humus, clay-soddy lands, taken in equal parts, with the addition of sand and charcoal. The old soil is carefully cleared of roots. Broken and decayed parts of the roots are cut off with a sharp knife. Take new pots or old ones that have been well washed and steamed in hot water. The size of the pot should be such that all the roots can fit freely. When planting, the bulb should be submerged in the ground about one third of its height. When planting, care should be taken not to injure the bulbs that get sick from this. They are watered and kept on the windows of a warm room. In June, amaryllis are already being taken out into the open air - on a balcony or an outer window sill,watered abundantly and sprayed with lukewarm water. Plants are very responsive to fertilizing them with fertilizers.
A big mistake in the culture of amaryllis is keeping them during the period of winter dormancy in warm rooms, where they do not stop watering. At the same time, they develop incorrectly: they develop weak leaves, are gradually depleted, and if sometimes they bloom, they give unattractive flowers.
© Stan Shebs
They are propagated by children, which are separated from the bulbs when they are transplanted. The best kids are those that already have roots. With artificial pollination, amaryllis produce seeds that should be sown in February.
The amaryllis family includes beautiful indoor plants - purple valota, nerine and pancratium. Their amateur flower growers are also called amaryllis.
Valota purple has not particularly large bulbs and long dark green leaves. In August-September, a flower arrow about 25 cm long grows and beautiful red flowers appear on the top, forming an umbrella in large plants. The plant does not stop growing in winter, so watering is continued in winter, although it is watered with caution. During this period, the roll can be placed behind more demanding plants for lighting and in a cool room.
© Julio Reis
In the spring, when new leaves begin to grow, the plants are transplanted and placed closer to the light. Watering is gradually increased. At the end of May, it is useful to put the rolls on a slightly shaded outer window sill, where they can bloom. The bulbs form babies, which should be separated during transplanting and planted several at a time in growing pots. After one to two years, they are planted one at a time in small pots, and the plants will soon bloom.
Nerine - has ribbon-like linear leaves and large funnel-shaped flowers with long pedicels and long stamens. Flowers in the amount of 10-12 pcs. form an inflorescence - an umbrella. It blooms in late summer with shiny red flowers.
A characteristic feature of this plant is that the leaves are fully grown after flowering. Watering for winter is reduced, and then completely stopped. The bulbs are stored in a dry place during dormancy.
For planting for flowering, take large bulbs. They are planted in June in pots so that the bulb is a third above the ground. The best land is sod and deciduous with sand. At first, little is watered, and after the appearance of leaves, watering is increased. After 25-30 days, a flower arrow grows, up to 35-40 cm high.
Nerine is propagated by children of bulbs.
Pancracy is an evergreen plant with oblong, below wide lanceolate-elliptical bright green leaves. It has beautiful tubular white flowers with narrow, long, linear, curved petals. The flowers sit on a strong arrow, very fragrant. Their scent is reminiscent of vanilla.
© Nevit Dilmen
Pancracy usually blooms in winter, but large bulbs can bloom again in summer. In winter, the plant is kept in warm rooms and watered well. When the soil dries up in a pot, the leaves sag. In spring and summer, pankration requires abundant watering, and there should always be water on the saucer.
Pankration is propagated by children, which are separated during transplantation. If the children have even small roots, they will soon take root and bloom in 3-4 years. The best soil for pankratium culture is a mixture of deciduous, humus, old clay and sand. Plants are transplanted in the spring, but not every year. After transplanting, they take root for a long time and bloom less. They love liquid feeding.
© Scott Zona
The amaryllis is very similar to a low bulbous plant with large drooping purple-red flowers - the most beautiful sprekelia. It is suitable for early forcing. Its bulbs are stored in a dry basement. Sprekelia is often incorrectly referred to as amaryllis.