Video: Aloe Is Tree-like. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Photo
The medicinal properties of aloe tree have been known since ancient times. Its leaves are used as raw materials for the manufacture of anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, choleretic, anti-burn and wound-healing drugs, drugs that enhance the secretion of the digestive glands, improve appetite and digestion.
In folk medicine, the juice of fresh aloe leaves, which has an antimicrobial effect, is widely used in the treatment of purulent wounds, trophic ulcers, burns, abscesses and boils. It is also used for rinsing for diseases of the oral cavity and gums, as well as for cosmetic purposes. Old leaves from the bottom of the plant are used as medicinal raw materials.
The centenary, or tree aloe, is a traditional plant on the windowsill in a country house and in a city apartment. They keep it not so much because of its beauty, but because of its healing properties. Often, the agave is allowed to grow as he wants, and he takes on a disheveled appearance due to the many branching bare stems. I'll tell you how to create a slender plant that is leafy from top to bottom.
A spoiled, overgrown specimen of aloe is suitable only for cuttings. For rooting, it is necessary to take a strong straight lateral, or rather an apical shoot about 30 cm long, with a stem thickness of 10-15 mm. The initial power of the shoot is the key to the power and future of the plant. The shoot must be cut with a sharp knife, leaving only a small lower part without leaves - about 5-7 cm. After that, let the cut be tucked up and corked for one to two weeks. In this case, one must try not to damage the lower leaves: it is better to tie the rooted shoot and hang it vertically.
For planting, a ceramic pot is preferable, its heaviness will give the plant greater resistance. You should not take a pot that is too large or too small, the most suitable one, with a diameter of 16-18 cm. Be sure to put drainage on the bottom with a layer of 4-6 cm to ensure the outflow of moisture. Stagnant water can lead to root rot and plant death.
The centenary is a fast growing succulent. We need to slow down its growth. This means that the soil should not be too nutritious; inert components should be added to it: charcoal, brick chips. It is more convenient to buy a ready-made substrate, but you can also make your own by mixing turf, leafy soil, humus and sand in equal parts.
The soil must be moistened before planting. Then make a depression in it 5-7 cm and 3-4 cm in diameter, add coarse sand, insert the shoot and sprinkle with sand. The lower leaves will rest on the edges of the pot. For greater plant resistance, it is useful to put pegs. In order not to lose the lower leaves during the rooting period, cover the entire plant together with the pot with a large plastic bag, but not tightly, but with air from the bottom. And put it on a warm light windowsill.
The signal that rooting was successful is the regrowth of young leaves. Then the package must be removed, and the young agave will begin an independent life.
To prevent the stem from bending, the aloe must be regularly (at least once every 2-3 weeks) turned towards the light. Water very sparingly in summer and rarely in winter. Each time you need to wait until the topsoil in the pot is dry. Mineral fertilizers should be applied in a minimum amount and only in summer, 2-3 times per season.
If you do not overuse watering, fertilizing and do not make the soil too nutritious, the plant will reach a height of one and a half meters only after 3 years. Then you will have to carry out the next rejuvenation.
Leaves on a plant live up to four years, and if they are not broken, the stem will always be "dressed". For medicinal or cosmetic purposes, you need to break off the lowest leaves. Side shoots will appear in the vacant space, but they must be removed immediately.