Table of contents:
- Blooming stars for pergolas and gazebos
- The best decorative leafy vines for gazebos and pergolas
- Temporary helpers - annual climbing vines for quick design
Video: The Best Vines For Gazebos And Pergolas. Climbing Plants For Arches And Fences. Photo
There is nothing more pastoral and more spectacular than a gazebo or pergola covered with a luxurious canopy of climbing plants. She just beckons to enjoy relaxation, communication, taste tea or have a meal in the fresh air. Despite the fact that by themselves these representatives of small garden architecture make an impression, they become cozy and inviting only with the right landscaping, which not only connects the elegant structure with the rest of the garden, but also creates a special atmosphere. The choice of vines that can be used for gazebos and pergolas is very large - from classic flowering and deciduous plants to extravagant and temporary plants.
Landscaping a gazebo and pergola is a fun process that allows you to discover your tastes and create the place to relax you have always dreamed of. Starting from modest hanging ampels to flower beds and potted gardens around, there is a place for fantasy to roam. But all the same, potted, and container, and ornamental plants planted in the soil are just auxiliary means. The main tool for landscaping pergolas and arbors, regardless of the style of the garden and its size, have always been and remain magnificent vines.
Talented top-necks, effectively draping objects of small architecture and soaring upward, like a luxurious living fabric, soften the lines, hide the bulkiness, transform the atmosphere. One single liana is able to tie together the gazebo and the landscapes surrounding it, create a sense of peace, naturalness and the very harmony that we all strive for in our own gardens. Even a very beautiful structure without a vine seems to be a foreign object, and it is imperative to "fit" it into the garden. Of course, vines also play a purely practical role - they enhance shading, give coolness, make rest secluded, hide from wind, rain, prying eyes and fuss, give a feeling of complete protection.
Choosing a creeper to decorate a gazebo or pergola is not an easy task. If on an arch, a support, a pyramid or a fence almost any liana will look impressive, then on a pergola and a gazebo it should also look perfect. And it is worth considering all the nuances:
- terms of decorativeness of the plant;
- deciduousness or the ability to preserve leaves for the winter;
- attractiveness in early spring and late autumn;
- timing and flowering palette;
- leaf canopy density;
- a tendency to "litter" - to scatter dry petals, leaves, sticky sap or pollen - or to remain relatively clean;
- saturation of the color of the leaves and the texture of the crown;
- compliance with the style of the garden and techniques already used in vertical gardening;
- the need for shelter for the winter and removal from the support, as well as their ability to provide shelter (for landscaping gazebos and pergolas, it is better to choose plants adapted to your climate, and not exotic crops);
- longevity of the plant;
- growth rate and maximum size;
- correspondence of the dimensions of an adult creeper to stability, strength and dimensions of the structure of the pergola or arbor.
Even one of these points should not be ignored. Agree, there is little pleasant in the gazebo, completely covered with sticky hop pollen, which is difficult and unpleasant to remove. And its loose, often sloppy and "full of holes" crown does not always justify expectations from a beautiful deciduous canopy, already hopelessly bare at the beginning of autumn. A small gazebo with carved details will also be a problem with a huge wisteria, which with age will threaten the entire structure. As it will not be appropriate for an elegant miniature pergola with thin supports. And lemongrass is beautiful only in summer - neither in spring nor in autumn it will delight your eyes.
When choosing a liana for landscaping these objects of small architecture, important not only from an aesthetic, but also from a functional point of view, you must not forget that the selected plant will be a kind of partner or companion of your gazebo or pergola for decades. And you simply have to predict its growth, take into account all the shortcomings.
Only 1-2 vines are used for gardening gazebos, and if you want to achieve a complex image, then you need to select literally ideal partners and time-tested duets (for example, a combination of a rose and clematis). But still, it is better to choose one vine, which will be easier to control and allow it to reveal all its beauty.
Let's take a closer look at the gardening favorites for arbors and pergolas.
Blooming stars for pergolas and gazebos
Climbing roses remain the absolute favorites in the design of gazebos today. It is they who create a fabulous effect, reminiscent of illustrations of magical stories. Magnificent and regal roses with their glossy foliage and luxurious inflorescences with semi-double, double, fragrant or not very flowers, even on the gazebo, seem to be a blooming cloud. It is not so easy to care for a climbing rose - it needs pruning, watering, fertilizing, special preparation for winter, but the annual growth of several meters and the greatness of flowering make it possible not even to notice such "trifles". But the classics always have an alternative, and not necessarily less spectacular in terms of pomp and catchiness.
Clematis is the best partner and the most popular climbing vine for pergolas and arbors. Large saucer flowers, even in the most modest species of clematis, still give the impression of being unusual and distinctive. It is the flowering of clematis that seems to link together a gazebo or pergola with a plant and a garden, creating a kind of connecting link. Flexible shoots and visual weightlessness organically complement the look of the structures.
Hardy and non-hassle specific clematis or the most diverse in terms of winter hardiness, size, structure, flower color and endurance varietal clematis allow you to choose a plant in accordance with your lifestyle and individual preferences. Red and lilac, lilac and purple, blue, cream, white and even chocolate - the color of clematis flowers can be both original and classic. Clematis are quite capricious cultures.
At arbors and pergolas, they receive two important conditions necessary for their successful growth - constant air circulation in the crown and protection of the root system from overheating. Clematis need watering, regular dressing, loosening the soil, shelter for the winter and pruning, depending on the timing of flowering. But their bright, large leaves and the beauty of their bloom pay off.
Honeysuckle (Lonicera) is also a great landscaping option. True, these plants look better not on gazebos, but on pergolas (but they can also be used as a universal gardener). Numerous types of honeysuckle allow you to choose between vines from 5 m in height and more compact species. The classic choice for pergolas and gazebos:
- honeysuckle honeysuckle (Lonicera caprifolium) with attractive leaves and pink flowers;
- curly honeysuckle (Lonicera periclymenum) with its classic beauty of dark leaves in a dense crown and delicate numerous flowers;
- Brown's honeysuckle (Lonicera brownii) with red-orange tubular flowers collected in bunches, resembling fuchsia, etc.
The main advantage of all honeysuckles is that they do not require special care, are hardy, bloom abundantly and unusually, delight the eye with fruits (albeit not always edible), and the nose with an evening aroma.
Campsis (Campsis) - a comparative newcomer and representative of the original modern lianas, which deserved popularity came only recently. He is not afraid of even heavily polluted air, hardy, unpretentious, effective, and the only drawback of this vine is actually the need to shelter it for the winter. Complicated feathery leaves of an unusual shade of dark green color create a spectacular patterned lace, against which numerous tubular bells of red, orange, yellow flowers seem to be a flame. Campsis look best on a pergola.
One of the most original of the plants flowering type - Dutchman's pipe, or aristolohiya (Aristolochia). This curly liana with dense and dense, large, heart-shaped, cold-green foliage with an emerald tint conquers with its original flowers. Aristolochia looks great both on pergolas and on arbors, being one of the best "alternative" vines for decorating a garden in a modern style.
The best decorative leafy vines for gazebos and pergolas
The most versatile curly assistant (and versatile in aesthetics, style expressiveness, and ease of cultivation) is ivy (Hedera). This plant needs no introduction. Flexible shoots that can take root in the soil are ready to rise to any height, creating a dense and light canopy of luxurious glossy leaves. The ivy cover looks both classic and elegant at the same time. The pattern, the amazing attractiveness of the leaves, the ability to choose variegated varieties, a change in autumn color with a light purple and copper bloom, the preservation of greenery for the winter and endurance make ivy an indispensable plant in the decor of arbors and pergolas.
Moreover, in regions with harsh winters, there are no evergreen alternatives to ivy. It is appropriate in a simple, regular style, in a modern design, and in a country garden. Shade-tolerant and moisture-loving ivy is easy to control and even easier to shape, allowing for amazingly expressive effects. And the freshness and coolness in the gazebo, entwined with ivy, will pleasantly delight in the height of summer.
The spectacular maiden grape (Parthenocissus) is the main competitor of ivy, but it is a plant with a much larger size and scope. It is no coincidence that maiden grapes are so popular in urban gardening: they can really grow up to 20 m in length. And even though they are often called an aggressor, in fact, it is easy to direct and control. Rapid growth, endurance, durability, almost complete lack of care - these are the main advantages of this plant.
Luxurious glossy foliage, consisting of three or five pointed lobes, forms an ornamental crown, gives coolness and creates a surprisingly dense canopy. And in the fall, muted greens are replaced by dazzling purples and crimson tones. This is one of the best vines for shading and keeping the gazebo cool, even at the height of summer.
For landscaping large massive gazebos or pergolas, you can use a plant with a very controversial reputation - woodworm, or round-leaved redbubble (Celastrus aculeatus), the very name of which is alarming. But the tree-nose is dangerous only for the arboreal ones, which he is really capable of strangling with his embrace. But the gazebo or pergola, twisting it counterclockwise and hook-shaped formations for clinging to the surface will not damage. The beauty of woodworms cannot but captivate, and if there is no danger that the vine will spread to a neighboring tree, and you will control its shoots, feel free to consider using this aggressor as an ornamental plant.
The dense and curly crown of a plant with rounded, dense, up to 10 cm long glossy-bright leaves forms a surprisingly elegant canopy. The rich green color by autumn changes to gold-orange and catchy. But greenish flowers in early summer, on the contrary, are almost invisible. In autumn, brightly colored fire fruits shine against the background of yellowing foliage, decorating the garden, and in winter, bright red seeds with long legs spilling from seed pods add expression to the snow cover.
This vine is able to climb to a height of 8 m, and there is also a dwarf form with shoots only up to 5 m long and with smaller leaves. Wood-nose pliers do not need shelter for the winter (they mulch the soil only for the first winter), are easily controlled by pruning and thinning the crown in February, they need only a few waterings per season and a single early feeding.
Highlanders - vines are very unusual both in the texture of greenery and in nature. Despite freezing above the snow line, by summer they usually completely braid the pergola or gazebo and allow you to admire the luxurious crown pattern. These plants "suffered" a lot from the inconsistency of scientists, who changed their classification so often that they completely confused all gardeners. The absolute favorite for the middle lane - Aubert's mountaineer - is today ranked among the genus Phaloppia and its "correct" botanical name is Fallopia aubertii, although for many years it was classified as Polygonum aubertii.
Its ovoid leaves up to 9 cm long with a wavy edge change from a “young” reddish color to bright green, create a sense of ornamentation and emphasize the beauty of long shoots, which in the middle of summer cover the whitish flowers collected in terminal inflorescences with a solid carpet. Another less hardy vine, the Baldzhuan mountaineer (Fallopia baldschuanica), was also reclassified to fallopia. It has larger broad-oval leaves with a pointed tip painted in a bluish-light tone, and May-June flowers with a lilac color are less numerous, but sometimes they appear again in early autumn.
Actinidia is also considered to be decorative deciduous crops, although, strictly speaking, it is a fruit vine. Actinidia kolomikta (Actinidia kolomikta) feels great in shade, can even be used to decorate a gazebo in the shade of a large tree. Not being limited to a ten-meter height, actinidia attracts with large matte bright green leaves with an unusual shade and a purple edge and irregular purple, pink and white spots. The color of the leaves changes during flowering, when the classic green is literally colored with acrylic white and then pink spots. Fragrant, not too flashy flowers are replaced by tasty and attractive berries.
Temporary helpers - annual climbing vines for quick design
Perennial vines are the main, but not the only design option for arbors and pergolas. If you have not yet decided on the concept, you want to see in practice how the structure with the plant will look, you still have not completed construction work or there is simply no time for full-fledged landscaping, then you can use the fastest decoration method - annual vines. Even if they are only for one season, they will put on an unforgettable show. You can use annual vines for another purpose:
- enhance the beauty of the main vine;
- decorate the gazebo before the main plants reach decorativeness and grow up;
- add color or novelty to the design;
- stretch the flowering period, etc.
The best annual climbing vines for landscaping pergolas and gazebos are:
- sweet pea;
- bladed kvamoklite;
- morning glory;
- decorative beans;
- decorative pumpkins, etc.