Quince Is A Beautiful Tree, Tasty And Healthy Fruits. Planting, Care, Use In Garden Design. Photo

Table of contents:

Quince Is A Beautiful Tree, Tasty And Healthy Fruits. Planting, Care, Use In Garden Design. Photo
Quince Is A Beautiful Tree, Tasty And Healthy Fruits. Planting, Care, Use In Garden Design. Photo

Video: Quince Is A Beautiful Tree, Tasty And Healthy Fruits. Planting, Care, Use In Garden Design. Photo

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Video: 5 Great Trees for Small Spaces | Southern Living 2023, January
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I am very interested in analyzing how the tastes and addictions of people to certain food products have changed over the centuries. What was once considered tasty and was an object of trade lost its value over time and, conversely, new fruit crops conquered their markets. Quince has been cultivated for over 4 thousand years! And even in the 1st century BC. e. about 6 varieties of quince were known and even then methods of its reproduction and cultivation were described.

Quince is a beautiful tree, tasty and healthy fruits
Quince is a beautiful tree, tasty and healthy fruits

Content:

  • Why do I grow quince
  • What conditions are necessary for a quince for growth and fruiting?
  • What kind of care does a quince need in the garden?
  • Quince planting rules
  • About fruiting and quince fruits
  • Reproduction of quince
  • Quince in landscape design

Why do I grow quince

Why do I love quince? For an interesting silhouette when properly molded. For beautiful flowers - large, with a delicate pink tint (they remind me a little of another "southerner" - magnolia).

Quince flowers in our conditions bloom at the end of May on the shoots of this year, so they do not suffer from spring frosts, which guarantees good yields.

And, of course, I love quince for its unique, incomparable fruits - round, oval, similar to apples or pears. They have a strong and pleasant smell, so they are often added to meat dishes, they make amazing jam (during cooking, all the wasps are yours), they make jelly and compotes. It is very tasty to put a slice of quince in freshly brewed tea or….

But enough of the lyrics, let's take a closer look at this plant and its fruits.

What conditions are necessary for a quince for growth and fruiting?

It is believed that quince came to us from the Caucasus, from Central, Central and Asia Minor. And although quince is considered a thermophilic plant, it can be successfully grown in many regions. If you have doubts whether the quince will take root on your site, look around, if there are also "southern" apricots or peaches, then the quince will grow.

At home, quince grows up to 8 meters. In more northern regions it is a small tree 3-5 meters high with a beautiful crown. The quince has a shallow root system, this is both a plus and a minus at the same time. On the one hand, this allows it to be grown in places with a high standing of groundwater, but on the other hand, an unprotected, shallow root system can suffer from severe frosts.

The most interesting thing is that the quince, despite the shallow roots, does not suffer at all from drought, although it loves watering. Also loves quince and sunlight. These factors should be taken into account when planting quince seedlings on your site. The place should be warm, protected from cold winds and at the same time open to the sun.

But the composition of the soil for growing quince is not fundamental, it will grow on almost any. But there is one important nuance here. Quince can grow in the worst conditions and even give some kind of harvest, but it will not live long. She is not a long-liver anyway, a maximum of 60 years, and even less in poor conditions, in the backyard of the garden. So, if you want to admire this tree, if you want to get a large and tasty harvest, do not spare a good place in the garden and good care for the quince.

Quince flowers - large and soft pink - slightly resemble magnolia flowers
Quince flowers - large and soft pink - slightly resemble magnolia flowers

What kind of care does a quince need in the garden?

And care consists in proper watering, feeding and pruning. Quince, as I said, is a drought-resistant crop, but it needs to be watered to get quality fruits. It costs about six times during the growing season (more in dry regions). Frequent, but not plentiful watering will only make it worse.

The already shallow (in young trees the root system depth is 50-80 cm, in adults - up to 1 m), the root system will develop poorly downward and remain in the upper wetted layer of the soil, and therefore will be vulnerable. When watering, it is imperative to wet the soil to the full depth of the root system. Therefore, watering is rare, but abundant.

It is not worth talking about feeding for a long time. Everything here, like in ordinary fruit trees, the same apple trees. With timely and correctly selected fertilizer, the yield will be good. Someone prefers organic matter, someone mineral fertilizers, you choose.

During the first years after planting, the quince must be properly shaped. To do this, we shorten all the branches left as skeletal in early spring by 1/3. If you cut it harder, this can cause too intensive regrowth of new shoots and, as a result, thickening of the crown, it will be difficult to correct it later.

In summer, additional shaping can be carried out by pinching and breaking out individual branches. At the end of summer, too actively growing shoots should be pinched so that they stop growing and have time to mature and prepare for winter.

Quince is easy to form. Do you know why? The annual bountiful harvest of heavy fruits bends the branches and translates them into a horizontal plane. And, as you know, the more horizontal the branch is, the slower it grows. This is how the tree keeps itself in optimal shape.

True, sometimes he should be helped. Remove excess, damaged and, most importantly, substitute supports, because a large number of heavy fruits can cause branches to break.

Perhaps, it is worth carrying out one more important operation with quince. The problem can happen in the northern regions in late winter and early spring, when the night frost is replaced by the already bright sun during the day. Quince has a dark gray bark and, accordingly, is strongly heated by the rays of the sun. Daily fluctuations in bark temperature can be 20 degrees, and this will inevitably lead to wounds - frostbites.

The only thing we gardeners can do is reduce the daily heating of the bark. For this, all methods are good: timely whitewashing, wrapping with garden bandages or installing shading shields.

At my site I did not come across any diseases or pests of quince, except for the moth. This pest can destroy the entire crop. But if you spray with a suitable insecticide at the beginning of summer, you can get rid of this problem.

Usually grafted varietal quince seedlings begin to bear fruit in 2-3 years
Usually grafted varietal quince seedlings begin to bear fruit in 2-3 years

Quince planting rules

I will not write much about the process of planting a purchased seedling, it is standard, like for many fruit crops in our gardens. In advance, at least a month before planting, we dig a hole 60x60x60 cm and fill it with fertile and loose soil.

If the soil in your garden is bad, then we add the necessary components: peat or sand, like baking powder, compost, humus, vermicompost - for fertility. When the earth settles in the pit, the seedling is planted without deepening the root collar, it should be at ground level. Naturally, immediately watered abundantly to ensure tight contact between the soil and roots, and mulch.

A special case is autumn planting in regions with frosty winters. Then the vaccination site should be covered with a mound of earth for the winter.

About fruiting and quince fruits

Usually, grafted varietal quince seedlings bear fruit in 2-3 years. And then they quickly increase the harvest. I repeat, there are many fruits, they are large and heavy. A still thin tree may not stand it. At best, it will twist, and at worst, it will break. Help him with props.

These most fragrant and picturesque fruits appear in the fall, from about September. To get the maximum taste and aroma, they should be kept on the tree as long as possible, sometimes until the New Year. But often they reach their maximum qualities by lying in the basement for some time. By the way, under the right conditions, healthy fruits are stored until spring.

Now about the benefits for our health. Quince seeds, leaves and fruits themselves are useful and are used as medicinal raw materials. Leaves are harvested young in early summer, fruits and seeds - in autumn and winter. Without dwelling on specific recipes, since I'm not a doctor, I will say that quince preparations have astringent, diuretic (diuretic), antiulcer and antibacterial effects. Effective for problems with the intestines and stomach (constipation), flatulence, as well as for coughs, asthma and tuberculosis.

Reproduction of quince

Reproduction of quince is not difficult. You can sow seeds, but after stratification (treatment with moisture and cold). As a result, you will get strong seedlings - wild. This is an unsuitable option for harvesting. But it is an excellent stock for varietal quince, pear and medlar.

By the way, once upon a time medlar was also traded with might and main, but now it is cultivated as a fruit crop only in a few countries, and, basically, it is grown as an unpretentious evergreen ornamental tree.

Quince cuttings root well, and all the properties of the mother plant are preserved. You can also use root suckers as a stock.

To get the maximum taste and aroma, quince fruits should be held on the tree for as long as possible
To get the maximum taste and aroma, quince fruits should be held on the tree for as long as possible

Quince in landscape design

I have already mentioned that it is not only for the sake of fruits that it is worth growing quince in your area. I think quince is a great tree for landscaping. Moreover, importantly, it is small in size and ideal for small areas.

Slightly curved branches, adorned with beautiful flowers and large bright fruits, with dark green, slightly pubescent, felt leaves - an excellent plant as a solitary tapeworm somewhere on the lawn.

You can also plant a small group, 3-4 pieces, covering the bottom of other tall trees with quince. And you can arrange a whole hedge, because the quince perfectly tolerates a haircut.

In addition, quince is also an excellent honey plant, moreover, late, and from its hardwood, which is well polished, you can make small Hand Made (hand-made).

Let's summarize. Quince is beautiful, tasty and healthy. Three in one. I recommend!

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