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Video: Gorgeous Green Fern On The Windowsill. Care, Cultivation, Reproduction. Photo
The fabulous story about this wondrous plant is known to us from school literature lessons. In the folklore work of N.V. Gogol, the legend of the fern is described in all colors, the flowering of which occurs on the night of the pagan festival of Ivan Kupala. Whoever is lucky enough to see a uniquely mesmerizing sight, become rich and powerful. And here is another beautiful belief. They associate him with a young maiden who fell from a steep cliff. At the place where the girl died, a spring with healing water appeared, and her hair turned into lush fern leaves. Such stories have been passed on by the people since ancient times. But these are all just fairy tales. Let's talk about the real: how to grow a fern at home?
- Fern breeding
- Fern care
- Fern feeding
- Special conditions for ferns
Ferns reproduce in two ways - by spores hidden under the leaf plate and by division of overgrown rhizomes. The first method is very difficult, requires a lot of time and sufficient experience. But the second one is suitable even for a beginner florist. A small fern root with several carved wimies, with proper care, soon takes root and after a couple of weeks throws out young fluffy arrows, which right before our eyes turn into magnificent openwork frond, resembling the green of an exotic palm tree.
The western and eastern rooms (windows) are considered a favorable place for the successful growth of the fern, since the flower does not tolerate direct sunlight. He loves moisture and frequent spraying. Overdried soil is destructive for him. In this case, beautiful fronds dry up and soon the plant dies. A little trick can save him. It is required to subject the bush to pruning dead wood and move the pot for 2-3 hours in a basin of water.
The root has amazing vitality. He greedily quenches his thirst and restores his strength. Just as drought is destructive to the fern, overflow does not suit it. Do not allow water to stand in the sump and waterlogged soil in the pot. From this there is a threat of rotting of the underground part, and the crown is covered with ugly brown spots.
During the period of intensive growth, ferns ask for additional feeding. The ratio of fertilizers is as follows: 1.5 g of ammonium nitrate, 1 g of potassium salt and 1.5 g of superphosphate are added to 1 liter of settled water. The solution is injected directly under the roots in late spring or summer. Fertilizing the soil is optional the rest of the year.
Special conditions for ferns
Another prerequisite for the lush growth of ferns is to provide it with its own space. In other words, a flower pot is placed where the spreading fronds will feel at ease, enjoying their privacy. If I may say so, the fern does not like it when they violate the boundaries of their personal territory. The reaction is unpredictable. He can "kick up": stop growth, change the color to a dull color, grind or even die.
Finally, let's designate the types of ferns that are distinguished by their docility and do not cause much trouble. Ferns Cyrtomium, Davallia, Cretan Pteris, Nephrolepis, Kostenets nesting, Round-leaved pellea are considered easy to grow. For hanging pots, falling species of ferns Nephrolepis, Adiantum are suitable. By the way, Nephrolepis is very picky about space. The varieties Kostenets gnezdovoy and Blehnum humpback have the same character. The whim is balanced by gorgeous foliage that will transform even the most impersonal room.