How To Prepare Nutritious And Healthy Pig Food? Dough, Yeast, Silage, Malting. Photo

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How To Prepare Nutritious And Healthy Pig Food? Dough, Yeast, Silage, Malting. Photo
How To Prepare Nutritious And Healthy Pig Food? Dough, Yeast, Silage, Malting. Photo

Video: How To Prepare Nutritious And Healthy Pig Food? Dough, Yeast, Silage, Malting. Photo

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Video: We ATTEMPT fermenting our pig feed, the results were SURPRISING! 2023, January
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Experienced pig breeders know well that pigs not only love to eat, they prefer quality food. That is, despite the almost omnivorous nature, pigs "know a lot" about tasty and healthy food. These animals eat good food with excellent appetite, gaining weight and maintaining health. In this article, we'll take a closer look at biological feed preparation methods for pigs that provide healthy and tasty food for these animals.

How to prepare nutritious and healthy pig food?
How to prepare nutritious and healthy pig food?

Content:

  • The main methods of preparing feed in pig breeding
  • Fermentation with special mixtures
  • Malnutrition
  • Yeast
  • Ensiling
  • Homemade compound feed recipe
  • Feed additives

The main methods of preparing feed in pig breeding

Under mechanical method of preparation of feed is meant cutting, crushing and mixing. It is necessary that the food is well absorbed in the digestive system of the animal. Small parts are digested faster and more completely. The grain is crushed. Whole grains do not have time to digest in the pork intestines. All vegetables, grass are crushed without fail.

The simplest method of preparing pig feed for better digestion is thermal. Most often, thermal and mechanical types of feed processing are combined. For example, hay, grass, as well as cake, it is not advisable to give dry. Such products are too rough for pigs. To soften them, they are soaked in boiling water for 3 hours before feeding. In this case, fresh grass is cleaned from the stems and crushed. The chaff is steamed together in grain.

All legumes are boiled for at least half an hour. Steaming, as for cereals, will not be enough for them. Grain for young growth is lightly fried. Roasted grain is tastier, more nutritious and irreplaceable for growing teeth of piglets. Barley is considered the best for roasting.

Fermentation, germination and yeast are biological methods for preparing pig feed. Why are they good? All of these processes facilitate digestion. In this case, vitamins are not destroyed, and their amount even increases.

For example, sauerkraut is both tastier and more nutritious than raw. In addition, it contains more vitamins. The "right" microorganisms work wonders with food. Read more about this in our article Why you need to ferment vegetables and how to do it correctly?

Another example of biological preparation of feed is that cereals can be germinated. They become softer, increase in volume, and also synthesize additional amino acids and vitamins.

Below I will give more detailed examples of the preparation of feed for pigs using biological methods.

Pigs eat good feed with excellent appetite, gaining weight and maintaining health
Pigs eat good feed with excellent appetite, gaining weight and maintaining health

Fermentation with special mixtures

To ferment feed, you need to buy special fermenting mixtures. The most popular is Lesnov's leaven. It is obtained from the contents of the rumen of cows. And the processes that take place in the sourdough container are identical to the digestion in the rumen in cows. The fiber in roughage is converted into microbial proteins.

Particularly advanced pig breeders receive Lesnov's starter culture on their own. Mix cow dung with bran. After the start of fermentation, straw is added and it is kept warm for some time. Then the resulting dough is fermented and later passed through the extruder. At the outlet they have sterile extruded feed.

Lesnov's leaven is very easy to use. For processing 1 ton of low-value plant residues, 5 g of dry powder is enough. The minimum portion of the bookmark is 200 kg. The powder is mixed with plant matter, moistened to 70% at a temperature of + 60 … + 70 o C. The process takes about 3-4 hours.

Processed feed more than doubles its protein content. Also, sugars are formed from fiber, and the amount of fiber is reduced by up to 5 times. The rumen microflora enriches its environment with vitamins D, B, E, K, H. After treatment with the preparation, the feed is highly fermented, aromatic, and pigs eat it perfectly.

Dough is started on 3-4 kg of bran or crushed. Mix with 3-4 liters of water (temperature from +40 to +60 o C.) The mixture is allowed to "work" for about 4 hours. The resulting starter culture is already mixed with the main feed. Feed is placed in the yeast container, brought to an optimum moisture content of 50–70%. Stirring like porridge, heat up to + 45 … + 60 o C. The process continues at room temperature, the mixture gradually cools down.

This biological method of preparing pig feed works best when starting with 55% humidity and the same temperature. Food with 5-8% fiber is kept for 3-4 hours, 10-12% fiber - 5-6 hours, with 15-25% fiber - 7-8 hours, 30-45% - 10-12 hours.

After preparation, add mineral additives and premixes, salt. This feed mixture for pigs smells like bread and is eaten willingly. But, despite this, it is impossible to replace all feed with it. Maximum 40% of the diet. Otherwise, the microflora in the intestines of pigs will not change for the better. When this happens to cows, a rumen is punctured.

If the food is poorly fermented, it is possible to raise the temperature to 70 on S. This is often the case with coarse grains.

It is recommended to fry grain for piglets, as it tastes better and healthier
It is recommended to fry grain for piglets, as it tastes better and healthier

Malnutrition

Foods with a high starch content, such as cereals, are excellent for malting. Pig feed is malted in pots or barrels indoors at room temperature.

Milled feed (or feed mixture) is poured into a container and brewed with 3 times the volume of boiling water (with a temperature from +80 to + 90 ° C). The mixture is shaken and sprinkled for thermal insulation with hay cutting. When malting some grain feed, it is enough to cover them with a rag or foil. After 2-3 hours, the treat is ready.

The malted food becomes 3 times sweeter, acquires a pleasant smell.

Malt is a good starter for malting. To do this, sprout barley, rye or oats. To start the process, 2% malt by weight of the feed is enough.

Finished malted feed is cooled and added to coarse or juicy feed. The malted feed is perishable, so it must be prepared separately for each meal. Completely all concentrated feed cannot be malnourished. In the diet of pigs, they should not be more than 40%.

Yeast

Cooking dough. To yeast 1 quintal (100 kg) of crushed meat, you need to take 1 pack or a little less (0.7 kg) of pressed baker's yeast and stir it in 40-50 liters of warm water. Mix yeast well with water and pour 20 kg of crushed into the same container. Stir occasionally for about five hours.

Add 120-150 liters of warm water to the prepared dough. The rest of the feed - 80 kg - is poured into a container. The whole process takes three hours. In order for the process to go evenly, the product must be mixed several times.

More carbohydrate feed is used for dough. For example barley, corn, oats. Other grain products are also suitable for the final process.

Safe way. You can yeast without starting a dough. Yeast is diluted in warm water, in an amount - from 500 g to 1 kg. The resulting chatterbox is poured into a yeast container. To obtain a centner of finished feed, take 150-200 liters of warm water. 1 centner of crushed is poured there. Stirring occasionally (every 20-25 minutes) stand for 6 to 9 hours.

There are several ways to accelerate the growth of yeast and lactic acid microorganisms:

  • pre-salt and mix in about a fifth of the feed;
  • add 2% sprouted grains;
  • sweeten with molasses (1-2%);
  • finely chopped root vegetables - carrots or beets (10-15%) - well stimulate yeast;
  • An additional source of protein for bacteria can be well-chopped legume hay.

The sanitary requirements for premises and equipment for the production of yeast-based feed are very high. Everything must be sterile.

It is necessary to gradually accustom pigs to feed based on yeast and fermentation. Piglets, 2-3 weeks before weaning, begin to gradually (from 10% of portions) to 40% of all concentrated feed. Breaks should be taken when feeding foods prepared through yeast. Give 3-4 weeks, then take a break for 2 weeks.

Piglets should be taught to feed based on yeast and fermentation gradually
Piglets should be taught to feed based on yeast and fermentation gradually

Ensiling

Silage is valuable juicy forage. Pig silage is different from that of cows. Because of its composition, it is called combined. It consists of several components, the combination of which provides a complete feed.

A properly prepared combisilos is very popular with pigs. On it they grow quickly and do not get sick. After all, such a silo contains an almost complete set of trace elements and amino acids.

Kombisilos is a great way to prepare feed for the winter. At the same time, proteins are formed from green fodder during ensiling, and easily digestible carbohydrates from root crops.

The main components of combisilos are greens, potatoes and root vegetables. Silage is impossible without carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are formed from starch - a raw material under the influence of amylase enzymes from green feed. Therefore, potatoes can only be ensiled together with green plants.

The approximate composition of raw materials: sugar beet (60%), green corn with cobs (30%), little by little chopped legume hay is added. Beets can be partially replaced with steamed potatoes.

All ingredients are finely chopped, tamped tightly into sealed containers and covered.

During winter fattening, combisilos is used as a substitute for root crops.

Homemade compound feed recipe

Sequencing:

  1. All cereals are thoroughly washed and dried to prevent spoilage.
  2. Using a grinder or a meat grinder, grits are ground.
  3. The crushed grain is mixed with the rest of the grain.
  4. We get dry compound feed. We mix it with warm water until a doughy state.
  5. Using a meat grinder, turn the dough into granules.
  6. We dry and get granulated feed.

Granulated feed is good for small piglets in which airways are formed. From grain dust of crushed feed, they become inflamed and deformed.

Constantly feeding only one compound feed will not be enough. The more varied the food, the more complete it is. Therefore, the compound feed is flavored with legume porridge, food waste, and skim milk.

Small pigs are given the mixture only in warm, thick or moist loose form. The most favorable food temperature for pigs is +30 degrees.

Constantly feeding pigs with only one compound feed will not be enough
Constantly feeding pigs with only one compound feed will not be enough

Feed additives

There are special feed additives that allow pigs to be raised more efficiently. It:

  • antibiotics - improve disease resistance;
  • mineral supplements - stimulate growth;
  • vitamins and amino acids - affect the quality, density and taste of meat;
  • growth stimulants of tissue origin - increase immunity and body weight growth.

A variety of feed additives can be found commercially. Here are some:

  • "Etoniy" - affects the growth and improves the quality of meat.
  • "Amylosubtilin GZH" - improves lipid metabolism, feed digestibility. Used for fattening.
  • "Betazin" is a growth preparation that effectively saves feed per kg of weight gain.
  • "Sapropel" - also refers to dietary supplements, but you do not need to buy it, and can be found in any swamp or lake. This is bottom silt. It contains many amino acids and trace elements.

Bioadditives are diluted with water before use and the solution is added to the feed. When using antibiotics, vitamins must be given.

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