How To Attract Birds To The Garden. Feeder. Birdhouse. Feed The Birds. A Photo

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How To Attract Birds To The Garden. Feeder. Birdhouse. Feed The Birds. A Photo
How To Attract Birds To The Garden. Feeder. Birdhouse. Feed The Birds. A Photo

Video: How To Attract Birds To The Garden. Feeder. Birdhouse. Feed The Birds. A Photo

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Video: How to Attract Birds to Your Garden-Tutorial 2023, January
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The main benefit that birds bring is not that they destroy pests - they will never destroy them all, but that they prevent their uncontrolled reproduction and keep their numbers within limits that are not dangerous for the garden.

Great tit, or highway (lat.Parus major)
Great tit, or highway (lat.Parus major)

According to the place of collection of their food, garden birds can be divided into three groups.

The first group consists of birds, predominantly collecting their food in the grass, on the surface of the earth in the upper layers of the soil. This group includes jackdaws, rooks, buntings, redstarts, blackbirds, finches.

The second group - birds collecting insects in higher tiers - on the branches of bushes. These are warblers, zoryanka, wrens.

The third group is birds that feed on trees: tits, orioles, warblers, goldfinches and even a cuckoo that occasionally flies in from the forest.

Content:

  • Field sparrows
  • Starlings
  • Titmouse
  • Nest in the house
  • Rooks
  • Nest at the edge
  • Wintering birds
  • Bird song
  • How do you attract birds?

Field sparrows

The field sparrow prevailing in gardens differs from the house sparrow in its smaller size, more graceful and thin "figure", less pugnaciousness, and also color. He can be recognized by his bright chestnut hat, black spots and brackets on his gray cheeks. During the season, the sparrow manages to feed 2-3 broods of 4-5 chicks each. Almost all summer, from April to July, sparrows work tirelessly, feeding chicks.

You can imagine how intense this work is if a sparrow flies to its nest about 300 times a day and each time shoves some prey into the next chick's mouth: a caterpillar, a fly, a worm, etc. The feeding of the first generation of chicks coincides with the period of development larvae of apple blossom beetle in apple-tree buds. This is an excellent food for chicks, and sparrows pick these larvae from the buds and carry them to their nests.

Unlike the house sparrow, the field sparrow makes its nests not in buildings, but in the hollows of old trees growing near dwellings, and will also gladly take birdhouses and titmouses hung in the garden.

Field Sparrow (Latin Passer montanus)
Field Sparrow (Latin Passer montanus)

Starlings

People have long been accustomed to considering starlings as the most desirable garden bird. It is the starlings who are welcomed in every possible way, they are hung for them wherever possible, artificial houses - birdhouses. Therefore, the starlings almost forgot that they were forest birds, and moved to the apartments prepared for them. In early summer, starlings feed mainly on insects. They arrive in the spring just when gardening and digging the beds begin.

Starlings run on freshly dug ground and deftly catch soil inhabitants turned up on the surface. No matter how the larva hurries to bury itself back into the saving depth, the starling turns out to be more agile and in a split second manages to grab it with its beak.

During the summer, the starling lays eggs twice. It searches for insects for feeding chicks mainly on the soil surface, less often on trees. Having finished feeding their chicks and having found freedom, starlings often form large flocks that gather for joint nights in several nearby trees.

The same joint spending the night in large flocks is observed in other birds living near human habitation: rooks, jackdaws, sparrows, hooded crows. This is a very important moment in the life of birds, allowing them to exchange information about the availability of food. The overnight place is compared to an information center. Birds that have discovered places rich in food, for example, places of mass breeding of a pest or scattered grain, let them know about this by certain behavior, and the next morning a whole flock flies out after them.

Titmouse

Perhaps the most useful and only useful bird that does no harm is the great tit. It is almost exclusively an insectivorous bird that feeds mainly on fruit trees. Methodically examining every twig, every leaf, it destroys all the pests that live on the tree: adults, larvae, and eggs. The need for food in the tit is very high. She lays eggs twice a season, 7-12 eggs at a time. Chicks are very voracious, as they grow rapidly: in 2-3 days their weight doubles.

Parents have to work tirelessly to feed their offspring. During the day, they fly up to their nest with food about 400 times, destroying about 10 thousand insects during the feeding period, of which 30% are pests, including moth caterpillars. During the moth breeding season, sometimes whole flocks of tits appear in the gardens, flying from all the surroundings. As a result, the moth is almost completely exterminated. One pair of tits can clear about 40 apple trees from pests over the summer.

For the winter, tits do not fly away and continue their useful work, clearing the garden of wintering forms of pests, for example, pecking on the eggs of the ringed silkworm, caterpillars of the golden-tail, etc. The great tit is a forest bird that has not yet forgotten its forest skills. She prefers to nest in her natural habitat - in forests. She comes to the gardens only to feed.

Fruit trees with their sparse crown, poorly protecting the nest from the weather, do not seem to her as a reliable refuge. But if you hang a titmouse in your garden, then it is possible that the titmouse will settle in it. In the fall, titmice leave their nests, unite in nomadic flocks and fly closer to human habitation in the hope of finding food.

The blue tit, which got its name from the blue cap, has a short beak, like strong tweezers. It is very convenient for them to peck small insect eggs from the branches, to tear off the scale insects that have adhered to the bark.

White wagtail (lat.Motacilla alba)
White wagtail (lat.Motacilla alba)

Nest in the house

In or near human habitation, gray flycatchers, redstart-coots, white wagtails nest. These are small birds, and for their nests it is not difficult for them to find various shelters in human buildings: cracks in the boarding, gaps in the masonry, a rasp of firewood. Their nests were even found in mailboxes, in an old samovar pipe, in a felt boot, forgotten on the fence.

They willingly settle in unoccupied titmouses. All this speaks of the need for birds to make their nests in well-protected, sheltered places. Under natural conditions, these birds make their nests in tree hollows.

Rooks

Rooks also nailed to human habitation from forest birds. From old memory, they make their nests in tall trees and often, like jackdaws, create large colonies, numbering from ten to hundreds of nests. Rooks feed mainly on insects, of which 50-70% are pests living in the upper layers of the soil: caterpillars, beetles, wireworms. Sometimes several dozen wireworms are found in the stomachs of rooks.

The rook digs in the ground with its beak so hard that the feathers at the base of the black beak are wiped off and a characteristic light border is formed. During the period of feeding the chicks, a pair of rooks daily transfers 40-60 g of insects to the nest. In the case of mass reproduction of pests in fields or in gardens, rooks are able to provide invaluable help to humans. In large flocks they flock to places where insects accumulate and indulge in a feast until the garden is completely cleared.

The rook is a rather large bird, and if he has an opportunity to profit from a vole, he will not miss this opportunity.

Rook (lat.Corvus frugilegus)
Rook (lat.Corvus frugilegus)

Nest at the edge

In the gardens, you can also find those birds that arrange their nests on the edges, in the rare light forests, in the bushes. This is a spinner, blackbirds of several species, greenfinch, goldfinch, linnet, warbler. If your garden has a good hedge of tall shrubs, then goldfinch, thrush, greenfinch can settle there for a residence. Linnet and warbler prefer to make nests in thorny bushes - rose hips, hawthorns, and thorns.

In the thickets of nettles, weeds, raspberries, you can find a nest of the garden warbler, which is also called the garden robin, a beautiful songstress, whose singing, as connoisseurs of songbirds believe, can compete with the song of the nightingale itself. The sonorous trills of the warbler can be heard late in the evening or at dawn, and sometimes even at night.

The gray warbler inhabiting the bushes is an exclusively insectivorous bird and also not the last songbird.

Wintering birds

Some of the garden birds are so-called sedentary, that is, they do not fly away, and some are migratory. Sedentary includes jackdaws, hooded crows, sparrows, tits, blue tit, goldfinches. In winter, they all move closer to human housing, where there is always something to profit from. Although they look for wintering insects in the trees, they certainly lack this. And here berry bushes can be of great help to them, on which berries are preserved in winter.

Having somehow escaped the winter, in spring these birds find themselves in a better position than migratory ones, since in the early spring, in the absence of competition, they occupy the best places for nesting. During the summer, they manage to breed two or three broods. Already from mid-February, you can hear the titmouse's wedding song. It consists of two notes and sounds like a joyful bell announcing the approach of spring (although they make nests much later).

Bird song

In conclusion, we note one more detail related to birds. Experimentally, scientists have found that bird singing has a beneficial effect on plants, and it is no coincidence that such a coincidence: bird trills are loudest in late May-early June, when plants are intensively growing. Only males sing. Each bird species has its own characteristic song, but the artistry of its performance depends entirely on the individual abilities of the singer.

Especially talented singers diversify their simple song with many variations, short and long trills and knees. It has been noticed that singers improve their singing gift with age. In addition to the nightingale and the aforementioned robin warbler, warblers, finches, goldfinches, greenfinches, linnet can please with beautiful singing. Birds can deliver many wonderful moments and unforgettable experiences.

Fieldfare, or field thrush (lat.Turdus pilaris)
Fieldfare, or field thrush (lat.Turdus pilaris)

How do you attract birds?

Food

As winter approaches, there is less food suitable for birds, which they freely obtained for themselves in the summer, and birds increasingly turn their eyes to the grain-filled feeders. There is an opinion that artificial feeding of birds in winter disrupts the process of migration of certain species, but studies by ornithologists show that such a relationship is practically non-existent.

For weakened birds that have been unable to fly south due to injury, illness, or any other reason, your feeding can save lives and help them survive in a hungry winter. Even those birds that never fly south are severely limited in food in winter. And if you add to this the limited time that birds are given to search for food in winter due to the natural decrease in daylight hours, winter is truly a time of difficulties and hardships for birds.

You can arrange feeders to add food as needed, or plant plants in your garden that will be a good help for hungry birds in the winter. Almost all birds love seeds, millet, oats and other cereals, which are always found in any home. For tits, nuthatches, woodpeckers, that is, all insectivorous birds, you can hang pieces of unsalted bacon in the garden - this is their favorite delicacy.

When choosing plants for your garden, you can opt for those that will be attractive to birds. It can be barberry, fir, hawthorn, mountain ash, pine, viburnum. From flowers that give seeds favorite birds, try planting asters, marigolds, marigolds, sunflowers, sage, zinnia (just remember in the fall, when you prepare the garden for winter and remove faded plants, leave the seed boxes until spring).

What you need to know about feeders

It's great if you can place bird feeders so that it is convenient for you to watch them, but do not forget about the birds - they must have a way to retreat, so it is good to place feeders near bushes or evergreen conifers, so that in case of danger the birds could always take cover quickly. Thorny shrubs such as roses and hawthorns are a suitable refuge for birds, out of the reach of predators such as domestic cats.

Keep feeders clean to prevent the spread of disease and deter parasites. Disinfect feeders periodically using 1 part chlorine bleach and 9 parts warm water. Before re-filling the trough with food, wipe it dry with a cotton cloth.

If you have started feeding birds, continue to do so for the rest of the winter season. It is better if any one type of cereal is present in the feeder. If you fill the feeder with various grains, you will very soon find that the birds are happy to choose those seeds that seem to them more tasty, scattering the rejected ones in all directions.

Do not feed spoiled or expired food, salty chips, or sweet cornflakes to birds.

Shelter

An ordinary birdhouse can be a refuge for birds. As soon as the winter day begins to get longer, the birds prepare to mate and think about the offspring, so it's time to help them with building a house. The best thing is to take care of the birdhouse in the fall so that you can hang it in your garden in January.

The choice of a birdhouse depends on the goal. Maybe a birdhouse should match the overall design of the site, or do you want to attract a specific type of bird to your garden? Different birds have their own particular preferences. For example, a thrush will never settle in a closed birdhouse, and some birds even prefer to arrange nests in trees or in shrubs, so it is not always necessary to build or buy birdhouses - sometimes it is enough just to plant certain types of plants.

Birdhouse
Birdhouse

Things to remember when choosing a bird house

If the summer is too hot in your climate zone, then place the birdhouse so that the hole through which birds enter it is turned to the North or East - this will protect the birds from overheating.

It is better to place birdhouses on poles, poles, or gate posts than nailing them to tree trunks or hanging them from branches to protect birds from predators.

Do not place birdhouses in close proximity to feeders.

Cleaning your birdhouse annually is absolutely essential.

Water

While water ranks as the 3rd most important bird needs and preference, you will be surprised how much more birds visit your garden feeders if you add a water source to them. If birds have to travel long distances in winter in search of water, they may prefer to stay near a water source rather than fly to you just to eat in the feeders.

At first glance, the easiest way is to replenish the drinking bowls with fresh water several times during the day. However, this is not always convenient and even possible. Of course, the best option if you have the opportunity to make a heated drinker - then water can be added only as needed.

These heated drinkers can be purchased in specialized stores, but before buying, make sure that the design will be safe for your feathered guests if the bird suddenly gets wet due to strong winds or when too many people gather around the drinker. In addition to being able to drink water at any time, birds will be truly happy to bathe in the warm water of the drinking bowl.

Try to attract birds to your winter garden - this will help them to survive the harsh winter, and you yourself will be rewarded by admiring their beauty, spontaneity and cute chirping and undoubtedly help in the fight against many pests!

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