Table of contents:
Video: Rosehip. Properties. Applications. Composition. How To Brew. Infusion. Broth. Treatment. Flower. Photo.F
The poetic image of an old folk tale about a sleeping beauty arose from observing a wild rose - a wild rose. Some peoples call the tale of the sleeping beauty "The Wild Rose". Rosehip shoots droop at the top, forming arcs. New shoots appear from the buds, also curving in an arched manner. Many shoots growing from the roots intertwine with curved old ones. Impenetrable thickets are formed, covered with sharp curved thorns. Therefore, young branches of rose hips, its flowers and tasty fruits are inaccessible to either mice or other animals. Some birds feast on ripe fruits. Like a sleeping beauty, a flower slumbers under the protection of branches with sharp thorns and blooms magnificently under the rays of the spring sun.
© Vasya Artyomov
Rosehip (Latin Rósa) is a genus of wild plants of the Pink family. Has many cultural forms, bred under the name Rose.
Deciduous shrub, typically 1-5 meters high. Sometimes there are low tree-like forms.
Shoots are covered with thorns.
Leaves are pinnate, with paired stipules (rarely simple and without stipules), contain 5-7 leaves.
The flowers are usually pale pink, 4-6 cm in diameter. There are forms with flowers showing signs of doubleness.
False fruit (hypanthium), oval or ovoid-spherical, red, orange, purple-red when ripe, with numerous nuts inside. Hypanthium coloration is due to its high carotene content. The fruits ripen in October.
© El Bichólogo Errante (Busy again!)
Rosehips have been used since ancient times in folk medicine for bleeding gums. A decoction was also prepared from rosehips to restore strength. Healing tinctures were prepared from the deciduous and root parts of the rose hips. Rosehip syrup with honey was drunk for inflammatory diseases and ulcerations in the oral cavity.
According to most scientists, rose hips have choleretic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, tonic, healing, anti-sclerotic properties, improves metabolism. Rosehip tincture and juice are very useful for depletion of the body, as well as for various infections, for gastritis with low acidity, atherosclerosis, hypertension, cholecystitis. The drugs are used in the form of tinctures, extracts, syrups, and are part of vitamin complexes. The drugs are used as multivitamin remedies for vitamin deficiency, and for diseases accompanied by an increased need for vitamins. In addition, an essential oil is obtained from rose hips, which is rich in vitamin E.
Rosehip fruits, ripening in late summer - early autumn, are a real storehouse of vitamins and other substances necessary for the human body. Among them, first of all, vitamin C, the average content of which in rose hips is about 6%. Some varieties of this plant generally contain up to 18% ascorbic acid! Lemons, known as one of the most popular sources of vitamin C, cannot even be compared to rose hips, as they contain fifty times less of this vitamin than rose hips. Can you imagine how useful rose hips are?
But rose hips are rich not only in vitamin C, they include vitamins A, K, P, E, as well as B vitamins in their biological composition. The complex of trace elements contained in rose hips is no less diverse: potassium and calcium, iron and magnesium, manganese and sodium, phosphorus and chromium, as well as copper, cobalt, molybdenum and manganese. But that's not all! Rosehip contains sugars, pectins, tannins, organic acids, essential oil and many other substances necessary for the normal functioning of the human body.
The rich biological composition of rose hips determines a wide scope of application of this medicinal plant for the treatment of various diseases. It is known that rose hips have a beneficial effect on the functioning of the digestive system, stimulate more active kidney activity, and have a diuretic effect. The use of rose hips allows you to prevent the development of inflammatory processes, and also helps to destroy harmful bacteria.
Dried rosehip roots have astringent properties, and the seeds are a source of oil, which contains a whole range of vitamins and fatty acids. It is used to speed up wound healing and as an anti-inflammatory agent.
The high content of ascorbic acid allows the use of rose hips for vitamin deficiencies, atherosclerosis, colds and use it to strengthen the immune system. And due to the presence of vitamins P and K in its composition, rosehip has such rare beneficial properties as acceleration of regeneration processes and bone fusion. The use of rose hips also allows you to effectively strengthen the vascular system, treat disorders of the genitourinary system, improve the condition of patients with malaria, anemia, bleeding, and help lower blood pressure.
To take advantage of the healing powers of this amazing plant, you can not only brew a traditional decoction from its fruits, but also prepare tea, tinctures, extracts, etc.
Strain the resulting composition, drink a glass before meals, half a glass is enough for children.
How to brew rose hips correctly
To get the most of the beneficial properties of rose hips, you need to be able to brew it correctly. We will tell you how to prepare an infusion and decoction of rose hips. It is important - the proportion of rosehip and water should be 1 to 10, that is, 100 grams per liter of water. rose hips, this is about 4 tablespoons.
The rosehip infusion is easy to prepare, but long enough - put the crushed fruits in a thermos, pour boiling water over and leave for seven hours.
The broth will take even more useful substances from the rosehip - first, the rosehip is boiled in a sealed container for one hour, adding, if necessary, water to the required proportions, then it is insisted for 12 hours.
A few more recipes
“We make up rosehip honey like this: take fresh honey, as much as you want, and boil it, and collect the foam so that the honey is clean, and strain it through a handkerchief, and after cutting the color, pour it into that honey and cook a little, and now he's ready. Rosehip honey is strong and, taken internally, strengthens the body and blood, destroys harmful phlegm that arise from melancholy, and also destroys those harmful properties that appear from excessive phlegm. Rosehip juice, taken internally, relieves headaches, but the drink is so good for the eyes.
Healing tea is prepared from rose hips - pour one tablespoon of dried fruits with a glass of boiling water, leave for 10 minutes and drink, adding sugar to taste.
Rosehip vitamin infusion - pour three tablespoons of dried fruits with two glasses of boiling water, and insist for several hours. Drink half a glass several times a day. Sugar can be added to improve the taste.
Rosehip drink - pour 8 tablespoons of dried fruits with 4 cups of boiling water, add 4 tablespoons of sugar and boil for 10 minutes. Insist 4 hours, strain and bottle.
Rosehip petal jam - pour 100 g of fresh rosehip petals with sugar syrup prepared at the rate of 700 g of sugar per 1 liter of water, add 1 g of citric acid, bring to a boil and immediately pour into clean hot jars.
You can roast rosehip seeds, grind them in a coffee grinder and prepare a healthy drink with a pleasant aroma that can replace coffee for you.
© Phil Sellens
All wild roses and species of rose hips (Rosa) bear bright red, orange or brown berries. A charming sight in autumn and winter in terms of garden design, however, not all types of rose are equal in fruit quality. The most valuable in terms of the content of nutrients are the berries of the following types of rose hips:
Rosehip rugosa (Rosa rugosa) is a widespread plant that has long been successfully naturalized throughout Europe and America. Rugosa rose fruits are rich in vitamin C and sugars, are easy to process and, according to rosehip lovers, have the best taste, a bit like cranberries. The shrub grows strongly, giving a lot of root growth, and is quite decorative in the garden with its beautiful foliage yellowing in autumn, fragrant pink or white (Alba form) flowers (there are also double varieties), as well as bright large red-orange fruits.
Rosehip cinnamon, or May (Rosa cinnamomea, or Rosa majalis), as well as its varieties, are considered the most valuable in terms of vitamin C content and medicinal properties. The plant is widespread in central Russia, as well as in northern and central Europe. The fruits are large, rounded, red in color.
Dog rose (Rosa canina) - has the most medicinal fruits. The berries are very large, round or oval in shape.
Hybrid Musk Roses are decorative rose hips with dense semi-glossy foliage and burgundy young shoots. The berries are red. Recommended varieties: Buff Beauty, Felicia and Penelope.
Rose Moyesi (Rosa Moyesii), originating from China. The fruits are large, bright red. Recommended variety: Geranium with bright red flowers and berries.
Rosa woodsii (wild rose hips), Rosa gymnocarpa (wild rose), Rosa californica (Californian rose hips), Rosa spithamea and others are rose hips originating from North America.