Table of contents:
Video: Vegetable Oils. Useful Properties And Applications. A Photo
The so-called table vegetable oils include: sunflower oil, olive (Provencal), soybean oil, linseed oil, poppy seed oil, beech oil, rapeseed oil, nut oil, mustard oil, sesame oil, peanut oil. Some vegetable oils are of regional importance, for example, walnut oil is widely used in the Mediterranean diet.
- Nutritional value of vegetable oil
Types of vegetable oils and their properties
- Peanut butter
- Watermelon oil
- Amaranth oil
- Grape seed oil
- Mustard oil
- Walnut oil
- Cedar oil
- Sesame oil
- Linseed oil
- Sea buckthorn oil
- Rice oil
- Pumpkin seed oil
- Hazelnut oil
- Garlic oil
Nutritional value of vegetable oil
Edible vegetable oils contain a number of substances that are important for the life of the human body, and the body is not able to synthesize these substances on its own. Such substances include, in particular:
- Linoleic acid
- Linolenic acid
The first two substances are unsaturated fatty acids, which the body needs to build cell membranes (including nerve membranes). Phospholipids are the main component of membranes.
Culinary experts recommend frying food in refined oil, and dressing salads raw or unrefined (these have a higher nutritional value).
Vegetable (for example, sunflower) oil cannot contain cholesterol, however, some manufacturers, for advertising purposes, specifically emphasize on the labels of their products that this oil does not contain cholesterol.
Types of vegetable oils and their properties
Peanut butter is a valuable dietary product that can nourish any dish on your table. It has a pleasant aroma and a light taste of peanuts - peanuts.
Peanut butter is great for dressing salads, frying shrimp, fish, and chicken. Will add a unique flavor to French fries. It forms the basis of weight loss diets and is especially popular with vegetarians. Indispensable for Chinese, Japanese and Korean cuisine.
Peanut butter contains a number of vitamins necessary for the normal functioning of the body.
Peanut butter is useful for fatigue, insomnia. Improves memory, attention and hearing.
Watermelon oil, like pumpkin seed oil, has a number of beneficial properties. Due to the high content of useful minerals (zinc and selenium), carotene, tocopherols, polyunsaturated fatty acids and other biologically active substances, it has therapeutic and prophylactic and anti-inflammatory properties.
It only has inherent medicinal qualities: with regular consumption, it eliminates the cause of the formation of stones, preventing the development of irreversible changes in the kidneys, has a beneficial effect on the removal of inflammatory processes in the urinary system and normalization of the acid-base balance. It is used for dressing salads, cold dishes, cereals, vegetable purees. Heat treatment is not recommended.
Amaranth oil has no pronounced taste and smell. Recommended for adding to salads, hot and cold appetizers. The oil obtained from amaranth seeds contains a lot of polyunsaturated fatty acids (up to 50%), amino acids, vitamins B and E, carbohydrates (63%), trace elements: calcium, iron, manganese, phosphorus, boron, titanium, zinc.
Amaranth oil has gained great popularity due to the presence of squalene in it. Squalene is a substance that captures oxygen and saturates the tissues and cells of the body with it. Supplemental oxygen promotes more intensive nutrient processing. It is able to increase the strength of the immune system several times, ensuring the body's resistance to various diseases.
Grape seed oil
Grape seed oil has a delicate pleasant taste. Ideal for dressing salads, cold and hot dishes, marinating meat and fish. It will add a unique flavor to your favorite dish.
The beneficial substances that make up the oil improve the tone and structure of the skin, help fight cellulite and varicose veins, strengthen and elasticize the walls of blood and lymphatic vessels, improving blood circulation.
Mustard oil is considered a finished medicine by many nutritionists. It is rich in natural antibiotics, therefore it has bactericidal and anthelmintic activity.
Mustard oil is excellent for the treatment of gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and colds, due to its properties it improves carbohydrate metabolism, blood composition, increases the number of leukocytes, erythrocytes, hemoglobin, participates in tissue respiration, and has a vasodilating effect.
Improves appetite, stimulates the digestion process. Add butter to the dough for pancakes, pies, bread - they will turn out more magnificent and will not stale for a long time. Salads seasoned with it stay fresh longer. And meat and fish cooked on it acquire a special pleasant taste.
Walnut oil is an exquisite and excellent nutritious product, especially in the recovery period after illness and surgery. It is ideal for dressing salads and delicious sauces. Popular in oriental cuisine. Contains a record amount of vitamin E, polyunsaturated fatty acids (up to 60%), macro- and microelements.
Walnut oil is recommended for elderly people suffering from hypertension, atherosclerosis, ischemic, heart disease. Contains a plant enzyme - entymyriase, which improves blood circulation in the genital area and stimulates the formation of male semen.
Cedar nut oil has a pleasant, delicate taste combined with a light pine nut aroma. It is recommended for adding an exquisite taste to a variety of salads, cold sauces, cereals and sandwiches.
Cedar nut oil is rich in nutrients, unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins, macro and microelements. It is shown to people of all ages. It improves immunity and strengthens the walls of blood vessels, normalizes metabolism.
Sesame oil is an indispensable ingredient in oriental cuisine. It has a light, pleasant taste and many useful properties. It is used for preparing salads, sauces, dressings and hot dishes, adding new flavors to the taste of the dish.
Sesame oil contains a large amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids, phytosterol and sesamolin - an antioxidant that rejuvenates cells, increasing their antioxidant activity. Regular consumption of sesame oil helps to fight stress and tension, and lowers blood cholesterol levels. The oil is useful for the cardiovascular, respiratory and musculoskeletal systems of the body.
The value of this oil lies in the complex of valuable polyunsaturated fatty acids Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9, which are not produced in the body. The oil has a beneficial effect on the reproductive system, prostate gland, normalizes bowel function, and lowers blood pressure. It helps the body cope with asthma.
It is recommended to add flaxseed oil to salads, vinaigrettes, cereals, sauces and sauerkraut. Real linseed oil has a specific bitter taste. Do not subject to heat treatment.
Sea buckthorn oil
Home-style sea buckthorn oil has excellent taste. Will serve as an extraordinary addition to the preparation of salads and vegetable dishes. Sea buckthorn oil is a multivitamin preparation. In terms of a set of vitamins, it has no equal, it contains vitamins A, B1, B2, B4. B6, B8. B9, K, P, PP, E, C.
Sea buckthorn oil has general tonic properties, is excellent for people suffering from diseases of the stomach and duodenum. It accelerates the healing of damaged tissues, helps with eye diseases, has a tonic effect and increases the body's resistance to negative environmental factors.
With constant use, sea buckthorn oil has a positive effect on the structure of hair and nails. Favorably affects the firmness and elasticity of the skin.
Rice oil has a pleasant rich taste and a wide range of uses. Ideal for long frying, stewing vegetable and meat dishes, baking, cooking mayonnaise and salads.
The main difference between rice oil is resistance to high-temperature heating, therefore it is recommended for grilling, frying meat and seafood.
Rice oil contains antioxidants important for human health, which are part of the vitamin E group, which help fight free radicals in the human body and slow down the aging process. The oil has an optimal ratio of fatty acids compared to other vegetable oils.
Pumpkin seed oil
Pumpkin seed oil has a pleasant aroma that can add zest to any dish. It is an excellent seasoning for salads, cereals, mashed soups, hot and cold appetizers, main courses.
Pumpkin seed oil is ideal for people with gastrointestinal problems. Its constituent vitamins and polyunsaturated fatty acids normalize metabolism, prevent atherosclerosis, have a beneficial effect on the condition of the skin and are recommended for men as a prophylaxis for prostatitis.
Hazelnut oil is a real gourmet find. It is perfect as a seasoning for adding a new exquisite original taste and aroma to dressings, sauces, salads, bringing nutritional benefits. Hazelnut oil is good for seasoning fish, pasta, mashed potatoes and vegetables.
The polyunsaturated acids contained in hazelnut oil - linolenic, linoleic, oleic, vitamins and minerals multiply the benefits of the product. It is recommended for atherosclerosis, liver diseases, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, rickets, eye diseases during the period of increased growth, aging, with increased loads (athletes, tourists) as a high-calorie product, a source of vitamins and minerals.
Garlic oil is not only a valuable food product, but also a powerful therapeutic and prophylactic agent used for colds, infectious and diseases of the digestive system, metabolic disorders.
Garlic oil has antithrombotic, lipid-lowering, hepatoprotective effects and other positive effects. It is a prophylaxis of thrombotic processes in the body, prevents cardiovascular diseases, dilates blood vessels, relieves heart spasms, cerebral vessels, strengthens the heart muscle, prevents atherosclerosis, increases the elasticity of blood vessels, helps to get rid of shortness of breath.
Gives a piquant garlic taste and aroma to soups, marinades, sauces, meat, vegetable dishes and side dishes for meat dishes.