Non-capricious Chlorophytum. Planting, Care, Reproduction. Diseases, Pests. A Photo

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Non-capricious Chlorophytum. Planting, Care, Reproduction. Diseases, Pests. A Photo
Non-capricious Chlorophytum. Planting, Care, Reproduction. Diseases, Pests. A Photo

Video: Non-capricious Chlorophytum. Planting, Care, Reproduction. Diseases, Pests. A Photo

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Chlorophytum is a houseplant that is ideal for budding flower growers. He combines simplicity and beauty, while not being capricious at all. Chlorophytum is one of the most common flowerpots today. It grows quickly, and in the spring and summer, small white flowers appear on thin stems, and then tiny rosettes of leaves. For details on how to care for a plant at home, read the article.

Chlorophytum
Chlorophytum

Content:

  • Botanical description of the plant
  • Chlorophytum care
  • Reproduction of chlorophytum
  • Possible growing difficulties
  • The benefits of chlorophytums

Botanical description of the plant

Herbaceous plant with drooping stems. Its long linear leaves are collected in basal bunches. Flowers in chlorophytum are small, collected in a loose panicle. Arcuate stems after flowering form bunches of leaves with aerial roots at their ends. Strong specimens have numerous hanging stems with rosettes of leaves.

In indoor floriculture, species with green and striped linear leaves are grown. They are collected in a basal rosette and arched to the sides, reaching a length of up to 40-50 cm. From the center of the rosette, long mustache-peduncles grow, decorated with small graceful white flowers, which later turn into small rosettes - babies with air roots. Sometimes the flowers are pollinated and then the formation of a fruit is possible - a triangular capsule. There are about 250 species of this plant.

Chlorophytum care

Chlorophytum is a rather unpretentious plant, and it is not difficult to grow it even for beginners in indoor floriculture. It feels best in a light or slightly darkened place. It can be attributed to both sun-loving and shade-tolerant plants. But in the shade of variegated forms, the bright color of the leaves is lost. For several hours a day, it transfers direct sunlight.

It adapts well to a fairly large range of temperatures. In the summer, chlorophytum can be taken out into the open air, but it should be positioned so that the place where it stands is protected from wind and rain. In winter, it is advisable that the room temperature does not drop below 10 ° C.

It is watered abundantly from spring to autumn, as it needs a lot of moisture during the growing season. With a lack of water, it forms numerous tuberous thickenings. In winter, watering is reduced, making sure that the substrate does not dry out between waterings.

Chlorophytum responds well to feeding, especially in spring. During the growing season, they are fed 2 times a month with mineral and organic fertilizers.

Chlorophytum is transplanted in the spring: in February - March, young annually, adult specimens in 2-3 years. The roots of chlorophytum grow strongly, so it is necessary to take wide dishes.

When transplanting, be sure to pay attention to the roots of the plant: if it has formed quite a lot of large tuber-like thickenings on the roots, this indicates irregular watering. The plant is transplanted into a substrate with soil acidity close to neutral (pH 6-7.5), light, loose. It is composed of sod, leafy, humus soil and sand (2: 2: 2: 1) or sod, leafy earth and sand (3: 2: 1). Good drainage is essential.

Chlorophytum
Chlorophytum

Reproduction of chlorophytum

The plant is propagated, ideally in the spring, in practice - as needed, when the plant is too overgrown with peduncles or the roots have already filled the entire pot and there is almost no room for the earth.

A strong "rosette" with a leaf length of about seven centimeters can simply be dug into a nearby pot with the ground, and the stem connecting it to the main plant, without cutting it, is pressed to the ground with a hairpin. When the shoot takes root, cut the stem.

Another option is to tear off the "baby", put it in a glass of water and wait until the roots are about 2-2.5 centimeters. (The main thing is not to forget to add water to the container - growing chlorophytums love to drink). After that, plant the scion in the pot in the usual way.

Chlorophytum tolerates division during transplantation. At the same time, overgrown roots can be cut by a third - this will not affect the state of the plant in any way.

Possible growing difficulties

The tips of the leaves turn brown (turn brown). The reason may be mechanical damage or lack of power, or too warm and dry air.

Brown spots appear on the leaves. Over-watering at high temperatures in winter may be the cause.

The leaves are limp and pale. The cause may be excess heat and lack of light, or lack of mineral nutrition.

The rosette of leaves began to rot. The reason may be that the soil is waterlogged due to too much watering, especially in winter, or because of a heavy substrate.

The leaves turn dark green and lose their variegated color. The reason is the lack of light, adjust it. On cloudy days, variegated forms need illumination with fluorescent lamps.

Lack of peduncles. The reason may be that the plant is in too tight a pot, or the plant is still very young.

The benefits of chlorophytums

Chlorophytum is considered an excellent indoor air purifier, including from various harmful microorganisms. Scientists have proven that a plant can destroy about 80% of pathogens and harmful fumes in the immediate vicinity of the plant in a day.

Chlorophytum
Chlorophytum

For example, formaldehyde vapors released by chipboards, plastics and other modern materials are neutralized by chlorophytum by 86%, carbon monoxide by 96%, and nitrogen oxide by 70 - 80%. One chlorophytum plant is able to neutralize toluene and benzene in room air. Thus, several chlorophytums are able to purify and almost completely heal the air in a medium-sized room.

The chlorophytum plant, very easy to care for, is truly a godsend for beginners in floriculture. Various colors and an abundance of species of this plant will help you choose a flower for every taste. And of course, do not forget about the cleansing properties of chlorophytum!

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