Cyrtomium Is A Rare Fern. Home Care. Photo

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Cyrtomium Is A Rare Fern. Home Care. Photo
Cyrtomium Is A Rare Fern. Home Care. Photo

Video: Cyrtomium Is A Rare Fern. Home Care. Photo

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Video: 100+ Ferns Identification || Fern Varieties || Best Decorative Plants for Indoor || Lipsha World 2023, February

There are not so many ferns among indoor plants, and their popular species can be counted literally on the fingers of one hand. But few ferns have such impressive beauty and character as one of the rarest species of these ancient plants - phanerophlebia, or Cyrthomium. This fern is so rare that it is considered one of the least adapted species for indoor culture. This reputation is all the more unfair because the elegant and majestic cytomium is absolutely undemanding to temperatures, lighting and even care.

Cyrtomium falcatum or Fanerophlebia sickle
Cyrtomium falcatum or Fanerophlebia sickle


  • "Pure" beauty of paneophlebia-cytomiums
  • Home care for cytomium
  • Diseases and pests of cytomia
  • Reproduction of cytomium

"Pure" beauty of paneophlebia-cytomiums

It is difficult to understand why phanerophlebia never became a popular and widespread species. Just one glance at the beauty of this fern wai is enough, not to mention the study of its modest requirements for conditions, to fall in love with this plant forever.

Decorative, with a rich color, gorgeous and not so bulky, venerophlebia and alone can create the feeling of a forest oasis without losing its classic severity. And although today the plant has been transferred to the genus Cyrthomiums, the synonym name “phanerophlebia” is still found more often than the official botanical name.

And it is not surprising: after all, cytomia are ferns, more associated with growing in open soil, while in room culture only one type of former phanerophlebia is used.

Cyrthomiums are highly decorative ferns representing the Shchitovnikov family. This plant is found in nature only in the tropics, where its beauty seems to have been created by mother nature in order to bring islands of calm and visual order to the motley collection of plants.

In room culture, old phanerophlebia were represented by several species, but in addition to the exclusive collections of collectors, one could always talk about the dominance of only one of the species - cyrtomium sickle, or, as it is still called, sickle phanerophlebia (Cyrtomium falcatum). Popular names clearly testify to the main merits of the fern: they like to call it “sacred fern”, “holly” and “holly”.

Fanerophlebia-cytomia are powerful ferns, but not gigantic. Young plants develop slowly, while adults grow several wai per year. Thin sori and petioles give the plant a graceful look and further accentuate large leaf fragments. Spectacular fronds on strong petioles, covered with brown scales almost at the base, look elegant and almost ornamental.

The maximum length of leaves is up to 1 m, and even then together with the petiole-base, but in a room culture, cytomium is most often limited to a half-meter length of leaves. The feathery leaves adorn with crescent lobes, with a finely toothed edge and a strongly pointed tip, which seem expressive and large, emphasize the ornamentation and symmetry of the structure. Leathery, with a very rich dark green color, the leaves conquer with their glossy shine and, with good care, seem almost artificial - they look so perfect.

Home care for cytomium

Cyrtomiums are rightfully ranked among the most unpretentious indoor ferns. With them, you can safely begin acquaintance with these ancient plants: they are so adaptive that they will not cause difficulties even to inexperienced growers. Perfectly adapting to a wide variety of lighting, temperatures and rooms, cytomiums pleasantly surprise with their tolerance for neglect and ease of reproduction.

Lighting for veneerophlebia

This is one of the houseplants that can grow in literally any light. Cytomium does not like only one thing - direct sunlight. But even in bright light, and in partial shade, and in the shade, it will look luxurious with good care. The northern window sills are considered the optimal location for venerophlebia, but the options are not limited to them. Cyrthomium-phanerophlebia can grow in rooms without windows, if you provide it with at least minimal artificial lighting.

This fern opens up new possibilities in interior design, since you can only set aesthetic goals for yourself, forgetting about the strict lighting restrictions.

Cyrtomium falcatum
Cyrtomium falcatum

Comfortable temperature

The only requirements that venerophlebia has on air temperature is stability. This fern does not like sudden changes in conditions, but it can adapt to any temperatures - both to ordinary living rooms, to hot, and to cold rooms. The minimum allowable temperature is 13 degrees.

Cyrtomiums should be protected from drafts, the proximity of heating devices and air conditioners.

Watering cytomia and air humidity

Fanerophlebia, even in comparison with their indoor relatives, are distinguished by increased hygrophilia. But unlike most other indoor ferns, their requirements do not relate to the humidity of the air, but exclusively to the humidity of the substrate.

Cyrtomiums are watered frequently and abundantly. Even a slight drying out of the soil will affect the attractiveness of the leaves. Stagnation of water, waterlogging should not be allowed, but only the uppermost layer of soil should dry out between waterings. Stable moisture content of the earthen coma is the main guarantee of the decorative fern, regardless of the season. Watering in winter is reduced, focusing only on changes in the rate of soil drying.

It is desirable to keep the air humidity high for venerophlebia. The higher the air temperature, the more intensively you need to spray. But unlike many other indoor ferns, this species is not afraid of a drier environment, average indicators, does not require the installation of humidifiers and can be content only with spraying. Cyrtomium feels great in the kitchen and bathroom, in rooms with high or fluctuating air humidity. In such a place it is not even necessary to spray it.

Feeding for cytomium

Fertilizers are needed for phanerophlebia only during the stage of active development.

This fern is very fond of organic fertilizers, and if you have the opportunity, you can alternate traditional fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizers with the introduction of organic matter.

Top dressing is carried out with a frequency of 1 time per month or as standard, halved in concentration doses.

Cyrtomium falcatum
Cyrtomium falcatum

Cytomium transplant and substrate

Fanerophlebia is not afraid of transplants and adapts well to new soil. The fern can be repotted annually, but it is better to change the container only as needed, when the roots appear from the drainage holes. For adult plants, transplanting can be omitted, limiting itself to changing the topsoil.

Unlike lighting or temperature, venerophlebia are very demanding on soils. Only a special fern mixture or similar substrates with a high content of high moor peat will be suitable for them. By adding peat to a universal substrate, you can get an environment that is quite comfortable in terms of reaction and texture for this fern. If there is no other option, cytomium can also be grown in pure peat. The optimum soil response is 5.0-6.0.

The main secret of cytomium transplant is a careful examination of the roots and removal of damaged sections. Due to the high moisture content of the soil, plywood phlebia often suffer from rot, there is a high risk of partial damage to small roots. "Cleaning" the rhizome before changing the container will prevent these problems and keep the fern healthy. You need to handle the roots carefully, they are very easy to injure and break. When transplanting, care must be taken that the root collar is not immersed in the soil.

Diseases and pests of cytomia

Fanerophlebia is most often affected by scabies, other pests are extremely rare on these ferns.

Common problems in growing cytomia:

  • drying and wilting of leaves in too dry air with improper watering;
  • stopping growth with scant feeding;
  • the appearance of brown spots, yellowing of the lower leaves with waterlogging;
  • yellowing of leaves and drying out of the tips of the wai in very dry air or with other disorders of care.
Disputes on the frond of cytomium sickle
Disputes on the frond of cytomium sickle

Reproduction of cytomium

Unlike some indoor ferns, which are sensitive to transplantation and separation, venerophlebia provides many more breeding options.

The easiest way to increase the collection of cytomiums is to divide the plants during transplantation.

You can get this fern from spores. Cyrthomium often self-seeds both in its own pot and in the containers of neighboring plants. After drying, the spores easily germinate in a light peat mixture with surface sowing and high humidity under film or glass and with bottom heating.

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