Dikkia Is The Most Hardy Bromeliad. Care In Other Conditions. Kinds. Photo

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Dikkia Is The Most Hardy Bromeliad. Care In Other Conditions. Kinds. Photo
Dikkia Is The Most Hardy Bromeliad. Care In Other Conditions. Kinds. Photo

Video: Dikkia Is The Most Hardy Bromeliad. Care In Other Conditions. Kinds. Photo

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Video: BROMELIAD | ALCANTAREA IMPERIALIS | Plant Care and Growing Guide 2023, January
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Among bromeliads, plants with a stake on leaves are considered more rare than flowering ones. Luxurious, collected in amazing ornamental rosettes, somewhat reminiscent of bunches of bird feathers, wild leaves amaze with their rigidity and thorns. Growing rapidly, rosettes create inimitable pillows in pots. This is perhaps the easiest plant to grow from the Bromeliad family, but not inconspicuous. Dickies are eye-catching, luxurious looking and made to decorate rooms with modern décor.

Dikkia is the most hardy bromeliad
Dikkia is the most hardy bromeliad

Content:

  • Thorny beauty wild - description of the plant
  • Types of indoor wild
  • Conditions for growing indoor wild
  • Wildlife care at home
  • Diseases, pests and problems in growing
  • Breeding wild

Thorny beauty wild - description of the plant

The botanical name Dickia received in honor of not only a botanist, a German aristocrat, but also an amazing botanical illustrator, Count Prince Reiferscheld-Dick. This, not the most popular, bromeliad has attracted more and more attention in recent years, because few can compare with wild ones in endurance.

Wildlife is found in nature mainly in South America. But unlike the rest of the Latin American bromeliads, they did not come to us from tropical rainforests at all. Wildlife is found in dry regions of Brazil and its neighbors, preferring to settle on hot rocks and where drought prevails.

Dikkia stands out from the entire Bromeliad family already by the nature of its growth. It does not develop as a separate boring outlet, releasing one or two babies after withering away. The plant is constantly expanding and forming such numerous shoots that it actually turns into thickets or a dense thorny group of beautiful "balls" -sockets, creating stunning patterns and effects.

Mother's sockets do not die off even after flowering. Dikkia is a stably ornamental and very durable plant. Her rhizome is modest in volume.

The wild is characterized by very beautiful leaves, curving in arcs, narrowly triangular, with rough and sharp spines along the edge, which give the plant an ornamental look. They sit very densely in sockets and create not a classic boring drawing, but picturesque "fountains" and "beams". The serrated edge is combined with the tips of the leaves that are strongly elongated and arching. The scales on the leaves can either be located only on the underside, or cover the entire surface.

The spines on the teeth are large, bent or twisted, hook-shaped, up to 4 mm in length. Wild is characterized by a rich color range of colors of leaves. Among them, there are varieties and species with a dull, rich dark green color or brighter medium shades of green. And there are amazing silvery or bluish varieties and crops that seem variegated due to the contrast of leaf blades and thorns.

The wild bloom is very decorative, although the plant is not valued because of it. On tall, long peduncles with lanceolate leaves, medium-sized brushes or ears of bells rise above the rosettes. The orange color contrasts perfectly with all shades of leaves and gives the plant even more originality.

Wildflower inflorescences can be more dense or loose, often pubescent like felt. Bracts are similar to leaves on peduncles, they are bent at the top. Flowers with a length of up to 2.5 cm seem modest, most often they are distinguished by free or fused petals only at the base and oval medium-sized sepals.

Flowering wild
Flowering wild

Types of indoor wild

In indoor conditions, only five wild species are grown.

Dyckia short-leaved (Dyckia brevifolia) is a beautiful and very elegant plant with triangular leaves collected in dense rosettes up to 12 cm long and up to 3 cm wide.Their pointed tip, serrated edge, and spikes-hooks decorate the plant. Thick straight peduncles are leafy, crowned with spikelets of inflorescences, which can be either dense or rather loose. The flowers are painted in a sunny yellow tone.

Dickie Foster (Dyckia fosteriana) - one of the most valuable species, variegated apparent distance and near - surprising fantastic game patterned effect due to the carved edges of thin leaves. Very dense rosettes are formed by leaves up to 17 cm long. The top folds back gracefully, making the narrowly triangular shape look even more elegant. The edges are not just jagged, but wavy-cut, with intricately twisted gray spines. The contrast between the thorns and the dark color of the leaves creates a ripple or stripe effect, although the plant is not at all variegated. Pubescent thin peduncles with lanceolate leaves bear dense pubescent spikelets of inflorescences with orange flowers, which differ not in free, but in accrete petals.

Dyckia separately staminated (Dyckia choristaminea) is a very beautiful silvery species with a special green color. Sprawling, lush rosettes flaunt graceful, narrow leaves up to 12 cm long and 0.5 cm wide with a surprisingly beautiful jagged edge. The tough leaves bend in beautiful arcs. The silvery effect of the plant is due to light iridescent scales. This is one of the most spectacular decorative leafy representatives of the Bromeliads, in which the flowering is considered nondescript. Small-flowered brushes on thin leafy peduncles delight with greenish-yellow, exotic flowers.

Dickie Niderleyna (Dyckia niederleinii) - more elegant and similar to wild species with long, curving arcs and form unusual silhouettes of leaves. The rosettes are dense and dense, but due to the shape of the leaves, they seem almost loose. Bright, up to 60 cm long, the leaves stretch to the thinnest tip and, in addition to a fairly light color, can boast a jagged edge with thin large curved spines. Peduncles are very thin, crowned with panicles of inflorescences with yellow flowers and unusual wavy petals.

Dyckia velascana is a plant with spreading, dense, but less strict rosettes. The leaves are thin, with a base width of about 4 cm, with a very elongated edge, up to half a meter in length. The spines are large along the edges, up to 0.4 cm long, hooked, fleshy. The bright green color contrasts with the lighter leaf tips. Elongated, as if wriggling lines of leaves in rosettes echo the contours of a winding peduncle up to 1 m in height, crowned with a panicle of inflorescences with dense pubescence and medium-sized flowers of a yellowish-orange tone.

Dyckia short-leaved (Dyckia brevifolia)
Dyckia short-leaved (Dyckia brevifolia)
Dyckia fosteriana
Dyckia fosteriana
Dyckia niederleinii
Dyckia niederleinii

Conditions for growing indoor wild

By their nature, wilds are much closer to succulents and cacti than to Bromeliads. These amazing plants are drought-resistant, they are accustomed to a harsh and dry climate and hot weather, but are extremely sensitive to high humidity and require the selection of truly southern conditions - hot, sunny and specific for temperature changes.

Dickies are not only plants for growing in separate pots as a completely independent and valuable interior decoration. It is difficult to find the best bromeliad for decorating florariums and terrariums, indoor rock gardens, gardens on snags or stones, imitations of rocky hills. They perfectly combine with succulents and cacti, allow you to diversify lines and textures, enhance compositions of typical indoor desert stars.

Lighting and placement

Dickies belong to the most sun-loving indoor cultures. They will not be able to maintain their decorative effect if the sunlight is less than 4 hours a day. When grown in decorative compositions, wildfishes are supplemented, but the best solution is still placement on window sills. This plant needs bright lighting all year round, even in winter.

Dikkias love southern windows, develop well in eastern and western ones. Literally the sunniest place in the house is chosen for this culture.

Temperature regime and ventilation

Despite their love for southern locations, wild plants are not at all those plants that love the heat. In nature, they can withstand any extreme conditions, and in rooms they are more decorative at moderate temperatures. In the relative coolness of the wild, the tips of the leaves never dry out; the plant does not suffer from a lack of lighting.

Typical room temperatures are quite suitable for wild plants, but if it is possible to keep plants at a temperature of about 18-20 degrees, they will surprise with the richness of the colors of their greenery. During the dormant period, the wild will prefer coolness, a significant decrease in air temperature, but will survive a warm winter. The optimum temperature is about 10 degrees.

Wilds love fresh air, in summer it is better to take them out to the balcony or garden, but even when grown only in rooms for wild ones, regular ventilation or a constantly open window is needed during the warm season.

Dikchia - very easy to care for bromeliads
Dikchia - very easy to care for bromeliads

Wildlife care at home

Easier bromeliads are hard to find. Even inexperienced flower growers and those who are constantly on the road, dickia will not cause any trouble. The plant is drought-resistant, requires rare watering, does not need measures to increase air humidity.

Watering and air humidity

Minimal watering is the main requirement of the wild, thanks to which they received the status of an extremely unpretentious culture. The plant is watered with a minimum amount of water and only after the substrate dries. Rare, watering, which does not allow the substrate to remain constantly wet, the dominance of an almost dry content is the main guarantee of the health of this bromeliad.

During the winter, when growth stops, wild water is watered even less often, just not allowing the roots to dry out. For this bromeliad, watering is carried out not into the outlet, but under the root collar, trying not to soak the leaves. The water should be slightly lukewarm and soft. The plant loves watering with melt, rain or filtered water.

Wildlife not only does not need an increase in humidity, but also does not like a humid environment. The closer the moisture readings to medium or low-medium, the more beautiful the wild looks and grows better. Spraying and soaking the leaves while watering is prohibited for this plant, as is the use of any polishes. If wilds are in very hot conditions, a temporary increase in humidity will help prevent the tips of the leaves from drying out.

Top dressing and composition of fertilizers

Like all bromeliads, wild bromeliads do not like too generous feeding. The plant is still fed not only in spring and summer, but all year round, but by changing the frequency of these procedures, regularly applying fertilizers along with water for irrigation. The typical frequency of fertilizing is once every 3 weeks in summer and once every 4-6 weeks in autumn and winter with the fertilizer concentration halved.

For wild, you can use special cactus fertilizers or universal fertilizers. If possible (especially when grown outdoors in summer), mineral and organic dressings are alternated for wild wild.

Dyckia velascana
Dyckia velascana

Trimming and shaping

For wild flowers, it is imperative to carefully remove the peduncle after the flowers wither. Damaged leaves are also pruned, being careful not to touch or injure adjacent leaves.

Transplant and substrate

For the wild, unusual containers are selected. The plant constantly releases babies and spreads out, forming dense groups-bushes, but the root system of the wild is more than compact. This bromeliad is grown in flat, wide containers, choosing decorative bowls whenever possible. Containers are sized to suit the size of the plants, without giving wilds too much freedom to maintain good growth rates.

The soil mixture for this crop should be light and sandy. It is better to use a ready-made commercial substrate for succulents or cacti. If the soil is mixed independently, then sod soil, sand and leafy soil are combined for it in a ratio of 2: 2: 1.

Plants are transferred to new containers carefully. Sharp thorns require special care in work. Divide the wild groups only if you want to propagate plants and get new bushes or if there are signs of degeneration of some of the bushes. A very high drainage is laid at the bottom of the pots (up to ½ of their height).

Diseases, pests and problems in growing

This is one of the most stable indoor bromeliads. Dikkia can only suffer from rot as a result of waterlogging or wetting of leaves, in high humidity.

In case of any problems, an emergency transplant of dickia is carried out with the removal of parts damaged by rot, separation and preventive treatment with insecticides and fungicides. Pests infect leaves only in extremely neglected collections in the vicinity of other diseased plants.

Dikkia easily reproduces by separating daughter outlets
Dikkia easily reproduces by separating daughter outlets

Breeding wild

Dikkia forms daughter rosettes in such an amount that the question of the optimal breeding method does not even arise. The plant is simply separated from the side rosettes, making sure that they have their own roots and have grown enough for independent cultivation. You can simply divide large old bushes into 2-3 parts.

On an industrial scale (or for those who like to grow plants from seeds), a seed method for propagating wild is also available. Seeds are sown in medium-sized containers in a light substrate, consisting of half of sand and half of a universal subtart. Drainage must be laid at the bottom of the bowls.

Sowing is carried out superficially, the seedlings are kept at constant humidity at a moderate air temperature from 18 to 20 degrees Celsius. Plants dive only when full-fledged mini-sockets are formed.

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