9 Simple Rules For Caring For Haworthias At Home. Photo

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9 Simple Rules For Caring For Haworthias At Home. Photo
9 Simple Rules For Caring For Haworthias At Home. Photo

Video: 9 Simple Rules For Caring For Haworthias At Home. Photo

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Video: How to care for Haworthia Zebra | Tips for growing Haworthia Succulent 2023, January

Among compact succulents, Haworthia is the # 1 favorite. Rigid leaves in patterned rosettes look bright and bold. And at the same time, Haworthia offer such a choice of species and varieties that there is a special plant for any task. Some haworthia will easily decorate florariums, others will settle in gardens for succulents, and others will simulate a desert landscape in miniature. Despite the fact that each Haworthia is in many ways unique, they are all so unpretentious that they require the same conditions and care. It is enough not to forget a few general rules - and there will be no problems with this succulent.

9 simple rules for caring for haworthias
9 simple rules for caring for haworthias

So different but similar Haworthies

Haworthia (Haworthia) form rosettes of short, fleshy, hard, lanceolate or triangular leaves. They can be pointed or blunt, dark or bright, decorated with white outgrowths that form stripes and patterns, or almost smooth. The diameter of the rosettes ranges from a tiny 5 cm to almost 30 cm.

The flowering of haworthia is inconspicuous and it is better to remove the peduncles, because the rosettes of most plants die off after flowering.

Haworthia is called a compact, variegated and more varied alternative to aloe. But they do not deserve comparisons, but a special status. The variety and variability of haworthia is both their main advantage and the main problem.

Many of the species that are now included in the huge genus Haworthia were considered separate and "different" in the last century. The classification of these succulents is constantly being revised, forcing them to look for an individual approach to caring for them.

But the basic requirements of the Haworthia are similar, and common "denominators" among species are easier to find than it seems. It is enough to remember 9 rules of basic agricultural technology that are universal for all species without exception.

1. All care procedures need to be careful

When working with Haworthias, you should be very careful. Removing dust from outlets, replanting and even watering should be done carefully, with minimal contacts. It is especially important not to allow the outlets to get wet, moisture accumulation in the outlet. For haworthia, watering is best done along the very edge of the pot, so that the water does not spread, without pouring water into the center of the outlet or onto the leaves.

For Haworthia, watering is best done at the very edge of the pot
For Haworthia, watering is best done at the very edge of the pot

2. No bright sun

Light-loving haworthia can survive in deserts. But indoor plants have partially lost their complete invulnerability. Haworthia do not tolerate direct sun very well, it often leaves large burns on varietal plants or leads to a loss of contrasting patterns and a beautiful dark color.

When choosing a place for haworthia, the southern windows should be chosen only if there is an opportunity to scatter the direct sun at lunchtime. But on the east and west windows, Haworthies are more comfortable.

3. Moderately high temperatures

Haworthia is able to cope with any temperature. They are not afraid of heat, changes and do not react too well only to sudden cold snaps (below 10 degrees).

But if you collect rare species and varieties, especially specimens with brighter colors and patterns, you should make sure that in summer the air temperature does not fall below 22 degrees and does not exceed 25 degrees. In such conditions, any Haworthia will more fully reveal their beauty.

4. Cool wintering, if possible

Haworthia remain compact for many years, produce strong babies and do not lose the decorative effect of old leaves under one condition - a cool winter. But it is not obligatory for plants. Haworthia are hardy and winter well even in rooms with very high temperatures. And they won't even suffer much from this.

But true fans of Haworthies know very well that there is a difference between a warm and a cool winter, and a significant one. The optimal temperature range for a plant in winter is about 12-14 degrees Celsius.

Haworthia do not lose the decorativeness of old leaves under one condition - a cool winter
Haworthia do not lose the decorativeness of old leaves under one condition - a cool winter

5. Reduced watering to a minimum, even in summer

Haworthia grow in unusual rosettes - their lower leaves literally lie on the soil, constantly in contact with the substrate. And if it is wet, rot will quickly spread through the plant. Haworthias are not that they do not need, but are extremely afraid of high and medium humidity.

The topsoil should remain dry and the substrate inside the pot slightly damp. Watering for haworthia is carried out so that the amount of water is sufficient for even soaking, but not too wet.

Determining the frequency of watering is quite simple: during the dormant period, from mid-autumn to March, the Haworthia should be watered once a month or less (if the Haworthia are kept cool, they can hardly be watered). But in the warm season - from spring to mid-autumn - the plant is watered with the usual frequency for succulents 1-2 times a week.

Watering is carried out with a small amount of water, dividing it into small portions for a more even soil saturation, even without a short-term excess of moisture.

6. Haworthias love fresh air

Haworthia is often related to other indoor succulents and is even recommended to be grown in the same way as cacti. But in one thing they are definitely different: Haworthia love fresh air. Of course, in spring, autumn and winter, they are content with standard hygienic ventilation of rooms and do not suffer at all. But in the summer, the more often the airing, the brighter these succulents will look.

7. Forget about humidity

Haworthia do not like tropical humidity. They feel much more accustomed to dry air and ordinary apartment conditions. They feel good everywhere - and you don't have to think about controlling these indicators at least for this plant.

8. Minimum feeding

In order for the haworthia to retain their decorative effect for a long time, not to grow too violently, but also not to lose their characteristic patterns, it is worth taking a closer look at the recommendation of scant feeding.

Like any houseplant, Haworthias need fertilizer. But top dressing should be low concentrated and infrequent. It is best to carry them out once a month, reducing the dosage indicated as standard by the manufacturer of a particular drug by exactly half. And not forgetting that from mid-autumn to spring, Haworthia should in no case be fed.

The choice of the type of fertilizer is also very important. Despite its unpretentiousness, haworthia cannot be fed with any universal fertilizers. Only special fertilizers for succulents and cacti with a special balance of macro- and microelements are suitable for them.

For haworthia, only special fertilizers for succulents and cacti are suitable
For haworthia, only special fertilizers for succulents and cacti are suitable

9. When breeding, make clean cuts

Haworthia is not in vain considered one of the easiest succulents to breed. They release babies right at the base of the mother's outlet, and they easily reproduce in separate leaves. But only if you adhere to impeccable hygiene.

Cut off both the basal offspring and individual leaves must be very carefully, without squeezing or injuring the tissue, with a very sharp and disinfected blade, getting a clean, even cut.

In order for the children or leaves to take root, you need not only to dry the sections, but also to process them with charcoal. There is no need to rush to plant for rooting: drying within 2–3 days is the best option.

Haworthia cuttings should not be rooted in water: they are planted in separate pots in light mixtures or clean sand. And very carefully monitor light moisture to avoid decay of fabrics.

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