Important Features Of Autumn Care For Indoor Plants. Correction Of Watering, Dressing, Moisture. Photo

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Important Features Of Autumn Care For Indoor Plants. Correction Of Watering, Dressing, Moisture. Photo
Important Features Of Autumn Care For Indoor Plants. Correction Of Watering, Dressing, Moisture. Photo

Video: Important Features Of Autumn Care For Indoor Plants. Correction Of Watering, Dressing, Moisture. Photo

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For indoor plants, the transitional seasons are some of the most critical periods in growing. And if in spring the changes are usually for the better, autumn is a period of great risk. Decrease in daylight hours and quality of lighting, temperature fluctuations, the beginning of the heating season require a special correction of the care program. The basis for the success of the autumn care of indoor plants is the constant monitoring of their condition and the rate of growth retardation.

Important features of autumn care for indoor plants
Important features of autumn care for indoor plants

Content:

  • When does autumn begin for indoor plants?
  • All attention is on prevention
  • Caring for indoor plants in the fall that do not need a cool dormant period
  • Autumn care of species with cool wintering
  • Autumn care for cacti and succulents
  • Autumn care for flowering indoor plants

When does autumn begin for indoor plants?

Autumn is a transitional period for any indoor plant, even for species blooming in winter. Although most indoor crops pass at this time a completely different stage of development - in the fall, the process of slowing down the active vegetation begins. Even if the plants do not go to the stage of complete dormancy, they still stop growing, and accordingly, their needs change.

It is not only difficult, but impossible to name the exact date or period when care should be changed in accordance with the slowdown. Every year and every autumn is special and unique. The number of cloudy days, air temperature indicators, the date of the beginning of the heating season directly affect how exactly the plants switch from summer to winter mode, and how long the intermediate period lasts.

The best advice to follow in the fall is to closely monitor the plants and the rate of soil drying to correct the care in sync with the signals of the plants themselves.

It is worth starting active monitoring of changes in the rate of plant development from the end of August. Sometimes the actual autumn in indoor crops begins much earlier than the calendar, and all plants react to the change of seasons in different ways. From September, when watering, you need to be very careful.

For all plants, it is worth checking out winter preparation guidelines and reducing dormancy care by scheduling and dividing the plant collection into species that hibernate in normal rooms and those that require cooler conditions. Autumn for the latter, as well as for succulents, winter-flowering crops should be somewhat different.

All attention is on prevention

Autumn is the most dangerous season in terms of the risk of the spread of pests and diseases. Usually, all indoor plants are at particular risk when heating appliances start to work: dry air creates an ideal environment for the spread of spider mites, felt, aphids, and scale insects.

Infected plants should be isolated, and preventive insecticide spraying is better for the rest of the collection. But the main means of preventing pests is to increase the air humidity, timely correction of care and maintaining the purity of plants.

Of the diseases in the fall, rot is especially dangerous. And wrong watering most often leads to them. Immediate drying of the earthen coma and changing watering in the future will help to avoid emergency transplantation and the use of fungicides

With a slowdown in growth, a drop in temperatures and a decrease in lighting, watering of indoor plants also decreases
With a slowdown in growth, a drop in temperatures and a decrease in lighting, watering of indoor plants also decreases

Caring for indoor plants in the fall that do not need a cool dormant period

For all basic indoor plants that stop or almost stop growing for the winter, but do not require cool maintenance in winter, general recommendations can be followed in care.

Watering

As growth slows, temperatures drop and lighting decreases, so does the rate of moisture use. Leaving watering the same if the soil dries out slowly is very dangerous. As a rule, watering is reduced, made more scarce and rare, in proportion to the slowdown in growth.

What to focus on: the drying out of the soil, which must be checked before each next watering for compliance with the preferred level of drying for specific types.

Better strategy: reduce the amount of water, use more moderate watering instead of heavy watering.

Top dressing

A less active growing season means that the need for nutrients and the ability to efficiently absorb them from plants also change dramatically. And if watering is reduced in accordance with the rate of moisture consumption, then it is not so easy to follow the feeding, because obvious signs of an excess or lack of nutrients can be expected for months.

What to focus on: there are no symptoms, you need to focus on the growth rate of the plant.

The best strategy: from September or at least mid-September, feeding should be gradually reduced in order to stop completely by the end of autumn. An exception is plants that bloom in autumn. It is necessary to strictly follow the instructions for a particular species: does the plant need a sharp "break" of top dressing or a gradual decrease by winter?

Keeping the leaves clean

Hygiene measures in the fall are critical. In this transitional season, the risk of pest infestation is already very high, and with the start of the heating devices, it increases several times. If temperatures are low, "wet" procedures are contraindicated.

What to focus on: Track dust accumulation and drying leaves.

The best strategy: weekly cleaning of plants from pollution, prevention of the accumulation of plant residues on the soil surface, timely sanitary pruning.

Hygiene measures for indoor plants in the fall are critical
Hygiene measures for indoor plants in the fall are critical

Air temperature

In autumn, indoor temperatures, especially closer to the start of the new heating season, cannot boast of stability. And more often we are talking about a drop in average temperatures, which is especially felt at night.

Keep a close eye on the temperature in the room and try to take steps to stabilize the soil temperature, if possible - to move the plants where they will be comfortable.

What to focus on: room temperature indicators.

The best strategy is to place containers on stands wherever they come into contact with cold surfaces, move plants away from glass, move them to more sheltered places, and take measures to prevent drafts.

Air humidity

For any plant, it is worth maintaining an optimal environment according to individual recommendations, but as soon as the heating season begins, it is worth taking all measures to compensate for the changed conditions.

What to focus on: falling instrument readings or drying out the tips of the leaves.

The best strategy: installing the simplest humidifiers in the form of pallets with wet claydite and pebbles or special devices, spraying, protective screens, moving plants away from heaters and batteries.

And do not ignore the changes in lighting or wait for the branches to pull out and loss of leaf color. For any indoor plant in the fall, you need to try to maintain a normal and familiar level of illumination.

With changes in daylight hours and in cloudy weather, all types of plants for which seasonal reduction in lighting is unacceptable should be moved to light windowsills or supplementary lighting should be organized. You need to focus on the needs of each plant separately.

With changes in daylight hours, all plant species for which seasonal reduction in lighting is unacceptable should be moved closer to bright windows
With changes in daylight hours, all plant species for which seasonal reduction in lighting is unacceptable should be moved closer to bright windows

Autumn care of species with cool wintering

Citrus fruits, oleanders, conifers, roses, ivy, pomegranates, like many other plants blooming in spring and summer, require a cool or cold winter for normal development, flowering and fruiting.

In the fall, care is adjusted for them according to the general rules, but at the time recommended for each type they are transferred to the cool - on verandas, insulated balconies, in winter gardens or cool rooms.

The average temperature of a cool winter is from 10 to 12 degrees. It is worth making sure that all plants that have not shed their leaves receive sufficient bright lighting to maintain their decorative effect. And do not forget about the incompatibility of cool content with high humidity of air and soil.

If the plants have spent the summer in the garden, they are moved back after a quarantine period in intermediate conditions, immediately providing an ideal environment for a dormant period.

Autumn care for cacti and succulents

To make the cacti feel comfortable in the fall, and even in winter, they must be rearranged even before mid-autumn with a sharp decrease in illumination - to the most illuminated place in the house, protecting them from cold surfaces and battery operation. They are almost never watered.

For all non-forest succulents, the norms are the same. If cacti and succulents are among flowering species, then bright lighting should be combined with cold wintering and strict adherence to a dormant period.

To make succulents feel comfortable in autumn and winter, you need to rearrange them on the sunniest windowsills in the house
To make succulents feel comfortable in autumn and winter, you need to rearrange them on the sunniest windowsills in the house

Autumn care for flowering indoor plants

Correction of care in the fall for forcing, continuing flowering or blooming after October plants should be almost the same. With one exception: such crops do not stop watering and feeding, strictly following individual recommendations.

Be sure to keep track of several nuances:

  • the temperature of the water (it should be several degrees higher than the temperature in the room);
  • avoiding complete drying of the substrate and limiting the maximum moisture content;
  • rearrangement to the south windows or compensating supplementary lighting;
  • a decrease in the concentration of fertilizers;
  • careful control over the stability of air humidity.

All tuberous and bulbous, blooming in winter, must be turned in relation to the light source. But shrubs and other plants should not be moved.

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