Lilies Are The Main Hybrids And Features Of Their Cultivation. Planting And Leaving. Photo

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Lilies Are The Main Hybrids And Features Of Their Cultivation. Planting And Leaving. Photo
Lilies Are The Main Hybrids And Features Of Their Cultivation. Planting And Leaving. Photo

Video: Lilies Are The Main Hybrids And Features Of Their Cultivation. Planting And Leaving. Photo

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Every year the quality and range of planting material imported to us is improving. This also applies to lilies. However, the cultivation of hybrid lilies requires knowledge of many subtleties, therefore, not very sophisticated amateur flower growers, having not achieved success, often refuse them, but in vain. Even in our difficult climatic conditions, all of these hybrids can be grown outdoors. But there are some tricks here.

Lanceolate lily, or tiger "Citronella". Group of Asian hybrids (Lilium lancifolium 'Citronella'. Asiatic hybrids)
Lanceolate lily, or tiger "Citronella". Group of Asian hybrids (Lilium lancifolium 'Citronella'. Asiatic hybrids)

Content:

  • Classification of hybrid lilies
  • Growing hybrid lilies
  • Features of caring for hybrid lilies

Classification of hybrid lilies

Now in the world there are more than 3 thousand different varieties of lilies. According to the established international classification of lilies, all varieties belong to 8 sections, and the 9th includes wild species and varieties.

Asian hybrids (A) have excellent winter hardiness, varied colors, do not require complex care, therefore they are especially widespread. But they (with the exception of single varieties) have no smell. And many want to plant lilies with a smell - here are the lovers of aromas and acquire lilies from other sections - long-flowered (longiflorums, L), oriental (orientals, O), tubular (T), as well as various hybrids between species from the named groups: LA -, OT -, LO -, OA - hybrids, which are highlighted in a separate section.

In addition to the above five sections, there are Martagon, Candidum and American hybrids.

Growing hybrid lilies

Planting hybrid lilies

Long-flowered and tubular plants prefer shallow planting. The packages usually indicate a depth of 10-15 cm. And we, insuring ourselves against frost, plant them even deeper. As a result, the thermal regime is disrupted, the bulbs spend energy to release the sprouts to light, and there is no longer any energy left for flowering. Royal lily, for example, needs to be planted to a depth of no more than 5-6 cm.

LA -, OT -, LO -, OA -, LOO - hybrids can be planted not only in the fall, as expected, but also in the spring. These lilies will bloom in the first year, however, they will not be very tall and with fewer flowers.

However, I prefer autumn planting. In the literature, it is often recommended to water the lilies well after planting. I believe that this should be done only for spring planting, and undesirable in autumn. On the contrary, closer to autumn, I cover the place prepared for planting lilies with a film. Excess moisture will drain through it into the aisles.

Lily 'Eyeliner'. Group LA-hybrids (Lolorum-Asian-hybrids) (Lilium 'Eyeliner'. LA-hybrids)
Lily 'Eyeliner'. Group LA-hybrids (Lolorum-Asian-hybrids) (Lilium 'Eyeliner'. LA-hybrids)

Wintering of hybrids in a "dry shelter"

Many varieties and hybrids of long-flowered, tubular and especially oriental lilies prefer dry winter storage. But not everyone has the opportunity to dig up the bulbs in the fall and store them in the underground, refrigerator. Few people know about such a technique as "dry shelter". Old plantings and new autumn plantings must be covered with mulching materials - shavings, leaves - with a layer 10-20 cm high, spruce branches and covered with foil again.

Dry soil and film on the ground covered with snow do not freeze as much as wet ground. This little trick is especially useful when growing new products of world selection: LA -, LO and OA - hybrids.

In addition, varieties and hybrids from these sections suffer from spring return frosts. In the spring, after the snow melts, you need to remove mulching materials, spruce branches and cover the emerging seedlings with a film on arcs.

Among the lilies, varieties with high frost resistance appear every year. The varieties Siberia, Optimist and Star Klass from the section of oriental hybrids are capable of wintering without shelter.

LA hybrids (between long-flowered and Asian hybrids) took frost resistance from Asian ones, but only single varieties received the smell from dyniflora.

Lily 'Conca d'Or'. Orienpets group or OT hybrids (Lilium 'Conca d'Or'. OT-hybrids)
Lily 'Conca d'Or'. Orienpets group or OT hybrids (Lilium 'Conca d'Or'. OT-hybrids)

Features of caring for hybrid lilies

OT hybrids (between oriental and tubular lilies) scare away those who do not have a relationship with oriental hybrids. And in my collection, already the first varieties from this group in the spring refuted all fears. After the snow melted, 3 out of 4 ascended under spruce branches, ahead of many Asiatic lilies and LA hybrids. Reasons for success: dry soil for the winter, shallow planting (no deeper than 7 cm), cessation of watering from mid-August, from the same time the film on arcs over the plantings and shelter until frost with a 7-10 cm layer of shavings or leaves, on top - spruce branches and film.

Some lovers complain that the lilies from this section do not bloom every year. The main reason is that cutting flowers for bouquets leaves a very short (10-15 cm) "stump". Not receiving sufficient nutrition from the leaves, the bulb leaves in winter weakened and does not bloom the next year. In addition, not all plantings are covered with a film from recurrent frosts.

Lily 'Mrs. ROBackhouse '. Group Martagon hybrids (Lilium 'Mrs. ROBackhouse'. Martagon Hybrids)
Lily 'Mrs. ROBackhouse '. Group Martagon hybrids (Lilium 'Mrs. ROBackhouse'. Martagon Hybrids)

A distinctive feature of OT- hybrids is that the bulbs are dark red, dark cherry, reddish brown. They are characterized by high frost resistance, a variety of colors, large flowers (about 30 cm in diameter) and, finally, the smell - it is more delicate, not as suffocating as in tubular ones. The varieties Dallas, Shocking, Orenia, Conca d'Or, Robina have another advantage over the eastern ones - they prefer a soil with less acidity, do not get fusarium, and botrytis is not observed.

OA- hybrids are still few, they do not differ in a variety of colors - orange-red with bronze, yellow, white border: Fest Crown, Elegant, etc.

LO- hybrids turned out to be no worse than those previously described. What is the Triumphant variety worth (this spring it made me happy, sprouted simultaneously with the first Asian lilies that appeared)! Worthy of admiration varieties Wile Trezhe, Sea Treasure, Queen Promis, Prince Promis.

Lily 'Zanlotriumph', in Russia it is more often found as 'Triumphant' or 'White Triumphator'. Group Martagon hybrids (Lilium 'Zanlotriumph'. LO-hybrids)
Lily 'Zanlotriumph', in Russia it is more often found as 'Triumphant' or 'White Triumphator'. Group Martagon hybrids (Lilium 'Zanlotriumph'. LO-hybrids)

LOO- hybrids are the latest selection. They sprout together with the last dino-flowered and oriental ones. But the flowers are huge "plafonds" up to 40 cm in diameter! The whites are very good: Bourbon Diamond and Misting Diamond. They need to be covered with a thicker layer of mulching materials - 20-30 cm and protected from return frost with a film.

So, dry soil in the fall, unsubstantiated planting, shelter with mulching materials for the winter make it possible to contemplate these beautiful flowers in the middle lane. And many of them bloom in more northern latitudes - Karelia, Murmansk and Arkhangelsk regions, beyond the Urals and Baikal.

Choosing varieties with different flowering times will expand the flowering range of lilies in your garden from July to mid-September. However, keep in mind that at least a month must pass from flowering to ripening of the bulbs, otherwise they will go weakened in winter, and the probability of overwintering will sharply decrease, and may not bloom.

The article uses materials from Ponomarev Yu.P.

commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lilium_%27Citronella%27_Hybride_02.jpg

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