7 Works In A Flower Garden That Need To Be Done Before Frost

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7 Works In A Flower Garden That Need To Be Done Before Frost
7 Works In A Flower Garden That Need To Be Done Before Frost

Video: 7 Works In A Flower Garden That Need To Be Done Before Frost

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Fall. Nature is withering and is gradually preparing for winter, giving us time to complete all the important things before the end of the summer season. Along with the “breadwinners” - fruit trees and berry bushes - ornamental plants also need care. Winter is an important time when the flowers rest and gain strength to decorate the garden for the next year. Our task is to make their wintering most comfortable. So, what needs to be done on the flower garden before winter arrives? We bring to the attention of our readers a list of the 7 most important, in our opinion, works that the flower garden expects from you on the eve of frost.

7 works in a flower garden that need to be done before frost
7 works in a flower garden that need to be done before frost

1. General cleaning in flower beds

First of all, you need to get rid of dried branches and fallen leaves, cut off withered flowers, and clear the soil of weeds. Cleanliness is a guarantee of health not only for people! The less debris remains on the site, the easier it will be for seedlings to break out with the arrival of spring heat. In addition, the "padanka" from trees and other decomposing debris can become a breeding ground for pests and fungal diseases. Do not forget that autumn labor will save you from additional spring troubles.

Take the time to loosen the soil around the perennial shrubs and add compost soil between the plants. The nutrient layer will be an additional top dressing in spring and will warm the plant roots with the onset of cold weather. It is especially important to mulch the foot of the decorative perennials planted in autumn.

Do not use fresh manure for fertilization, it is better to let it stand until spring. It is much safer to add a pinch of potash-phosphorus mixture to the compost soil. These trace elements have a beneficial effect on the root system and promote the formation of flower stalks.

2. Planting wintering bulbs

Until the end of October, it is advisable to have time to complete the planting of bulbs wintering in the ground. These are not only the beloved daffodils, tulips, crocuses, hyacinths and other primroses that notify us of the coming spring, but also lilies.

It is important to prepare for this responsible procedure in advance. Choose a sunny day to keep the soil loose and dry. The bulbs are most comfortable sleeping on a pillow of sand and ash: the first component will create the necessary drainage and prevent excessive dampness; and the second will act as a top dressing. The bulbs take root at a temperature of 5-7 degrees, which guarantees their successful wintering, therefore it is so important not to be late.

It is advisable to mulch fresh bulbous plantings for the winter in order to keep warm and create a cozy microclimate. Cold-sensitive oriental and tubular lilies, as well as varietal double daffodils and tulips, require additional annual shelter. Lutrasil will protect them from freezing: it, unlike film, allows air to pass through, simultaneously creating an air cushion and retaining heat.

It is advisable to mulch fresh bulbous plantings for the winter to keep warm and create a cozy microclimate
It is advisable to mulch fresh bulbous plantings for the winter to keep warm and create a cozy microclimate

3. Digging thermophilic bulbs and tubers

Before the onset of stable cold weather, have time to determine the tubers and bulbs of heat-loving plants for storage. These are, first of all, gladioli and dahlias, as well as cannes, begonias, montbrecia and calla lilies, varietal anemones and tigridia. Watch the weather forecast as there is no need to rush here! The longer these plants stay in the earth, the more robust storage organs they will form.

After digging, prepare a site for spring planting: mix compost with superphosphate and potassium dressing and dig thoroughly.

If the soil is already damp, so as not to injure the tubers, it is better to leave them to dry out directly with a clod of earth, spreading them in one row on a newspaper in a cool and ventilated area. Before storing the planting material, you need to carefully shake it off, and then place it in boxes and sprinkle it with sand, vermiculite, and even better - charcoal. Experienced growers recommend treating the bottoms of bulbs and tubers with pine needles powder, or adding coniferous needles directly to the box - their aroma will scare away pests. The most comfortable temperature range for wintering such plants is 5-7 degrees.

4. Global cropping

All perennials wintering in the ground must be pruned. Herbaceous peonies, phloxes, tradescantia, hostu, chrysanthemum, lychnis, oriental poppy, as well as daylily are shortened to a hemp 2-4 cm in height, in irises they make oblique cuts at a height of 10 cm from the ground. Exceptions are rosette plants such as primrose, bellflower, carnation, rudbeckia and daisies. This very outlet is left until spring, it fades gradually and performs the function of a natural shelter.

Ornamental shrubs require an individual approach. Sanitary pruning will be useful for everyone, it consists in removing dried, weak and diseased shoots. But the shaping haircut is permissible only for bushes that bloom in the summer months. Among them are hydrangea, spiraea, budlea, shrub cinquefoil, tree peony and others.

Last but not least, the shrub rose is pruned, which can bloom until the end of October, if the autumn is sunny and warm. Here, each grower has his own approach: someone leaves old shoots, others prefer a zero-cut haircut. But the queen of the garden is not distinguished by high frost resistance, therefore, the less radical the pruning, the warmer the shelter of the bush for the winter should be.

Last but not least, the shrub rose is pruned, which can bloom until the end of October
Last but not least, the shrub rose is pruned, which can bloom until the end of October

5. Shelter of whimsical perennials

Climbing ornamental plants are removed from the support (if possible) and laid on the ground, covered with a wooden box on top. If the loaches have grown tightly to the support, then you can try to insulate them without removing them, wrapping them in several layers of covering material. Such thermophilic garden dwellers include climbing varieties of roses and clematis.

The latter needs pruning, depending on belonging to the varietal group, of which there are many clematis. For example, hybrids "Viticella" and "Zhakmana" for the winter are cut to 10-15 cm, only slightly warming with mulch. Varieties of the Florida and Patens group are shortened slightly and carefully covered. But the varieties "Vitalba" and "Knyazhiki" are very winter-hardy and do not need insulation.

Most herbaceous perennials need only be covered with a thin layer of compost to survive the winter safely. But under the excess mulch during the rainy season, they can rebuke! This is especially true for phlox and peonies. It is important to insulate the rhizomes of irises with a layer of compost, which have been exposed over the summer, and the base of ornamental shrubs is sprinkled with it. Young, not yet matured plants planted in the current year, as well as varietal bulbous flowers, need additional shelter.

6. Tidying up the lawn

Against the background of a bright lawn, flowers look more beautiful. It will take a little work to keep it that way. The last mowing should be done before mid-October. After cutting, "comb" the grass with a rake: collect all the cut grass and fallen leaves. If we neglect this, then under the layer of plant residues the lawn will weed out during the winter.

A layer of compost soil mixed with fertilizer will suit your lawn's taste. To do this, mix the soil with sand or peat, add a little nitrogen fertilizer, and distribute this mixture evenly over the surface of the lawn.

The voids formed during the summer are sown before winter, and the thickened areas are "combed out" with a rake. Another important procedure that cannot be ignored is the "pricking" of the lawn. It is carried out using a pitchfork, or a special device - a roller with teeth. The piercing provides better ventilation and moisture supply to the roots.

If you do not collect the fallen leaves on the lawn, then under a layer of plant residues it will weed out during the winter
If you do not collect the fallen leaves on the lawn, then under a layer of plant residues it will weed out during the winter

7. Sowing annuals

Sowing annuals can not be postponed until spring, but do it now. The best time is November, when the soil is not frozen yet, but has cooled down enough. Such natural stratification will eliminate the need to tinker with seedlings in the spring.

Cornflower, aster, fragrant tobacco, poppies, marigolds, calendula and others are suitable for winter planting. Seeds are sown in prepared (filled with top dressing and dug up) soil and sprinkled on top with a layer of compost. Watering is not required in this case.

Here is such a list of works that need to be done on the flower garden before winter. At first glance, the laborious process will certainly bear fruit! Be sure to record your observations, stages of work and draw conclusions to ease your worries for the next year.

And in the comments, share your secrets of preparing a flower garden for winter. Perhaps we didn’t remember something?

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