Useful Salad Bed. Top 14 Healthy Greens. Photo

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Useful Salad Bed. Top 14 Healthy Greens. Photo
Useful Salad Bed. Top 14 Healthy Greens. Photo

Video: Useful Salad Bed. Top 14 Healthy Greens. Photo

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Whatever the size of the garden - small or large, any hostess seeks to break beds with fragrant herbs and fresh salads. Many will now confirm what a special pleasure it is to pick a crispy salad, your favorite parsley or dill under your window. Even people who are far from gardening worries, one way or another, indulge themselves with healthy greens grown by their own hands, even if on the same windowsill. I also have such a bed. Believe it or not, it brings me not only healthy vitamin goodies, but also a kind of pleasure and inspiration. My useful bed is constantly in the process of renewal, that is, life is in full swing on it, the plants are constantly being updated due to their high demand.

"Green" vitamins
"Green" vitamins

What you need to know about the salad bed?

  • On a healthy garden bed, life takes place in three stages: some salads, as they ripen, go to the dinner table, the second gain strength and grow up, and others are sown in pursuit of the rest.
  • Combine salads according to the ripening period of the variety (early ripening with late ripening) and then a fresh crispy salad will be on your table from May until the first frost.
  • Growing different varieties of salads, you will always have on the table dishes of healthy greens, varied in taste and vitamin qualities.
  • The chemical composition of the salad includes the best and most of the periodic table; these are such important elements for our body as magnesium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, chromium, folic acid, as well as countless vitamins. The main ones are C, B1, B2, B5, B6, PP, E, A and this is not the limit.
  • A bitter taste in some salads is caused by a useful substance - the alkaloid lactucin, which has a positive effect on the nervous and digestive systems, normalizes blood pressure, sleep and metabolism.
  • If you decide to go on a diet, then a healthy bed is the first assistant in this matter. All salads are low in calories and are a dietary product. They are high in fiber and dietary fiber, which helps to cleanse the body like a broomstick.
Watercress
Watercress
Vitamins in greens: C, E, B, beta-carotene
Vitamins in greens: C, E, B, beta-carotene
Useful and beautiful
Useful and beautiful

So, what to choose and plant on our useful garden? Modern breeders have developed a great variety of different varieties of salads. I have combined them all into large main groups of several varieties.

The chemical composition of greens includes the best and most of the periodic table
The chemical composition of greens includes the best and most of the periodic table

Top 14 healthy greens

1. Iceberg - salad with tender, crispy leaves, neutral, very fresh taste. Forms loose heads of cabbage, 10-20 cm in diameter. It is sown at intervals of 2 weeks throughout the season, starting from the period when the soil thaws by 4 cm and last time at the end of August.

2. Leaf and head lettuce - represented by a very large number of varieties with different intensity of taste and bitterness. They grow in the form of a rosette or a loose head of cabbage. They are planted in the ground either by seedlings or seeds at the earliest possible date, and during the entire warm period, new beds are sown every 1-2 weeks.

3. Arugula - a legendary plant, recognized as a panacea for many diseases, has a spicy mustard and slightly oily taste, especially delicious when accompanied with meat or as an additional and piquant note in vegetable and green salads. It is sown on the garden bed 4-5 times per season, easily multiplies by self-seeding.

4. Watercress - early ripening salad, which is ready to go to the plate in 10-20 days after germination. Has a pleasant bitter spicy taste. Sown at intervals of 12-15 days. Also great for windowsill cultivation, adding coziness to the kitchen.

5. Radicchio is a favorite of all Italians with a signature bitter and spicy taste. It grows in the form of a dense head of cabbage burgundy-red with thick contrasting white veins. Depending on the variety, it is sown from early May to late August.

Healthy greens
Healthy greens

6. Romaine is another “legend” in cooking, because its leaves are an integral part of Caesar salad. Grows loose or compressed to the center with rosettes with a thick juicy central vein, famous for its freshness with a light nutty flavor. It is sown every 3-4 weeks.

7. Ramsons are the very first greens that appear in our beds, when both onions and garlic are just starting to grow. It has a mild garlic flavor and looks like lily of the valley bushes. Grown as a perennial bulbous plant, always in the shade. The very first spring leaves are most tasty and useful.

8. Fennel - got the name from the gardeners - fennel. The appearance corresponds to that of dill, with large rosettes and vigor of growth. It is a source of ascorbic acid, a large amount of rutin, vitamins B, E, K, A. Gives dishes a sweetish anise flavor. All parts of the plant are used in food - the false bulb, leaves and seeds. Sown 1-3 times per season.

Ramson
Ramson

9. Bows are another large group of plants, represented by different species. These are onions, shallots, leeks, batun, chives, slime and tiered onions. This also includes garlic. These are all perennial plants that, growing in the same garden, will always come to the table for any dish. The richest storehouse of the most valuable vitamins and useful elements.

10. Sorrel and spinach are perennial plants that grow in a rosette of very useful leaves. Spinach is not unreasonably credited with the incredible properties that make a person healthy and strong. They have a sour taste, slightly more intense sorrel, an excellent addition to green salads, first courses, as the main filling in ravioli and much more. It is sown once a year in spring or before winter, because in the second year it goes into bloom and often disappears after winter.

11. Celery is a plant, the list of useful properties of which is worthy of a dissertation. Has a recognizable "celery" taste and aroma. Two types of celery are suitable for our garden - leaf and stem, which grow in the form of a short bush or a powerful plant with thick juicy basal petioles. It is grown by seedling methods or by direct sowing into the soil at the end of April, once a year.

Celery
Celery

12. Parsley is an extremely useful plant that spits five times lemons in vitamin C and carrots in carotene. An irreplaceable addition to summer salads, it adds a homemade flavor. Sowing is carried out annually in early spring or before the first frosts in late autumn.

13. Cucumber herb is an excellent substitute for a cucumber, when it barely hatched from the ground, and in usefulness goes much ahead of it. It grows as a root rosette of rough leaves with a fresh cucumber smell and taste. It begins to bloom very quickly, so sowing is carried out every 3-4 weeks.

14. Mangold is a spectacular plant that invariably becomes an adornment of any garden bed. This is a root rosette of leaves on long, and most importantly, bright - crimson, snow-white, yellow or orange petioles. Petioles and leaves are eaten like spinach. Mainly promotes the elimination of insoluble salts from the body and improves immunity. Sowed like beets - in April-May, once a season.

Salad beds can be arranged no worse than a beautiful flower garden. Any greens and salads, like flowers, have a different shape and color. So even from a simple garden bed, you can create landscape masterpieces. Also, a useful garden bed will be complemented by herbs: dill, tarragon or tarragon, basil, cilantro, thyme, oregano, marjoram, basil, mint, lemon balm, cumin and many others.

A bed in the form of a flower garden
A bed in the form of a flower garden

To make the garden bed:

  • A useful bed is laid in late autumn, when you can sow parsley, sorrel, spinach and garlic on it. In early spring, the entire assortment of salads and plants selected in advance is sown.
  • For this, a plot of land is dug up, fertilized only with organic fertilizers, because what we put in the garden, then we will get it in the greenery, and as a result, in our body.
  • Seeds are sown in parallel beds to a depth of 1-3 cm. After sowing, the soil is thoroughly fertilized with moisture in the form of a fine rain from a watering can or using special installations.
  • Caring for your favorite garden bed consists of watering, weeding and regular sowing of fresh seeds of new plants. In order for the seeds to germinate better in the summer, the soil with freshly sown seeds is mulched on top with peat, sawdust of non-coniferous species, seed peels, crushed bark or grass collected after mowing the lawn.
Greenery on the windowsill
Greenery on the windowsill

A healthy bed is valuable for its variety, availability and freshness of products. It has been proven that greens lose up to 70% of their beneficial properties and vitamins within a couple of hours after cutting. Growing such healthy greens in your garden or windowsill is available to everyone, and the body is guaranteed a vitamin supply!

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