Melilotus Officinalis - Three In One: Medicine, Honey Plant And Green Fertilizer. Description, Application. Properties And Contraindications. Photo

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Melilotus Officinalis - Three In One: Medicine, Honey Plant And Green Fertilizer. Description, Application. Properties And Contraindications. Photo
Melilotus Officinalis - Three In One: Medicine, Honey Plant And Green Fertilizer. Description, Application. Properties And Contraindications. Photo

Video: Melilotus Officinalis - Three In One: Medicine, Honey Plant And Green Fertilizer. Description, Application. Properties And Contraindications. Photo

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: White Sweet Clover 2023, January
Anonim

There is nothing superfluous in nature. Each blade of grass has its own purpose, one of which is to help a person. Often walking along field roads, resting at the edge of the forest, and just on the sides of country roads, you can find an interesting plant. Its small trefoil leaves create a lace pattern, and elongated brushes with small yellow drooping flowers stretch towards the sun. This is a sweet clover from the legume family.

Melilotus officinalis (Melilotus officinalis)
Melilotus officinalis (Melilotus officinalis)

In the medicinal sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis), the flower petals are yellow. This species is less known than other medicinal herbs, but it is, in fact, an interesting plant, known, as they say, before the Slavic period. Therefore, we will briefly decipher why sweet clover is called three in one. The Latin name for sweet clover - Melilotus comes from the Greek words μελί - "honey" and λοτος - "fodder grass", and Russian - from the old name of the disease "bottom", in modern terms - gout.

Donnik combines the following qualities:

  • a good assistant in a home medicine cabinet for many diseases of various etiologies;
  • excellent honey plant; sweet clover honey has a delicate aroma reminiscent of vanilla, contains up to 40% fructose;
  • sweet clover is fed to cattle, however, only in the form of hay mixed with other herbs; using such hay, you need to be careful: if the hay contains yellow sweet clover and is rotten, the cattle can be poisoned with dicoumarin;
  • sweet clover - a good natural soil improver (green manure); its deeply penetrating roots not only loosen the soil, but also fill it with organic matter with a high content of elements and compounds necessary for plants.

Melilot yellow is used in folk and official medicine as a remedy. But it belongs to the group of poisonous plants. Do not heal yourself. Use his preparations only after consulting a phytotherapist.

Content:

  • The chemical composition of sweet clover
  • The healing properties of sweet clover
  • The use of sweet clover in official medicine
  • Using sweet clover at home
  • Contraindications for taking yellow sweet clover
  • What does yellow sweet clover look like?
  • Sweet clover harvesting, drying, storage

The chemical composition of sweet clover

Melilot yellow contains a number of substances that have a therapeutic effect on the human body:

  • essential oil;
  • glycosides, including coumarin, which is easily identified by the smell of fresh hay;
  • organic acids - melilotic, coumaric, flavonoids,
  • tannins,
  • Sahara,
  • ascorbic acid,
  • proteins;
  • choline,
  • mucus, etc.

Be careful! Incorrectly dried melilot, when rotting, forms dicumarin or dicumarol, which prevents blood clotting and can cause internal bleeding.

The healing properties of sweet clover

Donnik is used as:

  • expectorant for colds of the respiratory system;
  • antiseptic for purulent wounds and furunculosis;
  • pain reliever, especially for pain in the intestines and bladder, otitis media;
  • melilot reduces gas formation and restores intestinal motility;
  • laxative.

Hysteria, melancholy, headaches, increased nervous excitability, insomnia, cardiospasm - all these diseases recede when taking water infusions of this magic herb. Coumarin yellow sweet clover improves blood circulation in the abdominal organs, blood pressure, cerebral blood supply.

Using medicinal herbs for treatment, remember! - Never self-medicate or exceed the dosage recommended by your doctor.

Dried sweet clover medicinal
Dried sweet clover medicinal

The use of sweet clover in official medicine

  • as an anticonvulsant;
  • for the preparation of a plaster that accelerates the opening of boils and purulent unripe abscesses;
  • under the supervision of a phytotherapist, it is used as an anticoagulant for thrombophlebitis.

Using sweet clover at home

  • decoctions;
  • infusions,
  • prefabricated teas;
  • compresses;
  • ointments.

Decoction

Dry sweet clover is poured into hot water in a ratio of 20: 200, boiled over low heat for 20-25 minutes. After cooling, filter. If the water has boiled away, then add to the norm. Drink 1 tbsp. l. 3 times a day on an empty stomach. You can eat in 20-30 minutes.

Diseases for which the decoction is used: colds of the mouth-throat system, insomnia, headache.

Water infusion

Pour 2 teaspoons of dry herbs into 0.5 liters of boiling water. Close the lid tightly, wrap it warmly, insist for about 20 minutes. It is better to prepare the infusion in a thermos.

Application: the infusion accelerates the ripening of abscesses, abscesses. A napkin is dipped into the chilled infusion, squeezed slightly, wrapped up the affected area, covered with a film on top and again wrapped warmly with a terry towel or woolen scarf.

Compress

To draw out pus from the wound, soften the internal boil, prepare a compress: scalded with boiling water, softened leaves and flowers are applied to suppuration and wrapped for a long time.

Given that sweet clover is poisonous, even with external use, it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage prescribed by the doctor and the duration of treatment.

The herbal collection can be infused in cold water, but for more than 3 hours. Cold infusion is less concentrated, so the dose is increased to 1/3 cup. Drink half an hour before meals no more than 3 times a day.

Usage: relieves spasms, relieves headaches, is used for hypertension and insomnia.

Ointment

The product can be prepared in 2 ways:

Method 1. Dry collection of sweet clover (2 tablespoons with top) of flowers and leaves, grind into powder, sift. Mix 50 g of pure pharmacy petroleum jelly with the powder.

Method 2. The same mass of the melilot raw material, as in the first method, is poured with a glass of water and evaporated in a water bath to 50 ml. One part of the condensed broth is thoroughly mixed with 4 parts of any animal unsalted fat or petroleum jelly.

Regardless of the method of preparation, melt the "raw" ointment (no need to boil), soak for 2 hours in a water bath and strain while still hot through cheesecloth. Such an ointment promotes the rapid healing of carbuncles, boils, and purulent wounds.

Drying sweet clover
Drying sweet clover

Contraindications for taking yellow sweet clover

The first signs of poisoning with sweet clover are dizziness, headaches, drowsiness, depression, liver pain, internal hemorrhage, vomiting.

You can not use sweet clover, even as tea in the following cases:

  • when carrying a child;
  • with a tendency to internal bleeding;
  • low blood clotting;
  • with kidney disease;
  • instability of the central nervous system and some others.

What does yellow sweet clover look like?

In Russia, the plant is found in the European and Asian territories, in all regions, with a suitable climate. It is a bushy plant up to 1.5-2.0 m with a bare branched stem, a well-developed taproot. Melilot yellow belongs to the group of biennial plants. Blooms in the second year (blooms from June to August).

The flowers of the medicinal sweet clover are yellow, moth-shaped, collected in a spike-shaped brush, have a strong aroma, which is also popularly called the smell of freshly cut grass. It is easy to distinguish it not only by the inflorescences, but also by the leaves. Trifoliate leaves - three leaves on a common petiole, have stipules.

Sweet clover harvesting, drying, storage

Procurement of raw materials

The raw material is harvested during the flowering period (June - September). The upper (25-30 cm) grassy green flowering shoots are cut off. Rough stems with yellowed leaves are not used. Cutting is always carried out after the dew has melted, preferably from 9 to 12 hours and after 4 pm.

Drying

For drying, the cut material can be used:

• in the form of loose bundles suspended from a crossbar or wire;

• spreading 5-7 cm in a layer on burlap or moisture-absorbing paper; during drying, the material is constantly agitated.

When drying the sweet clover, good ventilation is required (canopy, attic, herb dryer) and the temperature should not exceed + 30 … + 35 ° С.

General view of the plant sweet clover
General view of the plant sweet clover

Storage

A properly dried sweet clover has a pleasant smell of fresh hay, a bitter-salty taste. The stems break easily. Leaves should not crumble. Their crumbling indicates dryness of the material.

Dried raw materials are stored in a hermetically sealed container. Medicinal raw materials are stored for no more than 2 years. Read more about this in the article "How to collect and dry medicinal plants correctly"

If sweet clover is yellow (like a medicinal herb) that caught your attention, you can use it for home treatments for certain conditions. But I want to repeat once again - be careful! Large doses, long-term indiscriminate intake do not contribute to recovery, but will only worsen your condition.

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