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Video: Corn. Properties. Application. Medicinal Plant. A Photo
CORN - Zea mays L.
The family of cereals - Grami-neae.
Description. An annual monoecious plant. Stems are erect, knotty, with a pith. The leaves are alternate, broadly lanceolate, vaginal. The male flowers are in panicles, the female flowers are on the cob, from which long threadlike green or cherry-brown stigmas hang. Height 1 - 3 m.
© Forest & Kim Starr
Flowering time. June August.
Distribution. In the Russian Federation, it is cultivated almost everywhere. The homeland is Mexico and Guatemala.
Habitat. Not found in the wild. Cultivated in the fields.
Applicable part. Columns of corn with "stigmas".
Collection time. June August.
Chemical composition. Columns and stigmas contain sitosterol, stigmasterol, fatty oil (up to 2.5%), essential oil (up to 0.12%), pantothenic acid, gum-like substance (up to 3.8%), resinous substances (up to 2.7%), bitter glucoside, saponins (up to 3.18%), inositol, cryptoxanthin, traces of alkaloids, vitamin C and blood coagulation vitamin K3. The seeds contain starch (up to 61.2%), fatty oil (up to 4.75%), pentosans (up to 7.4%), alkaloid substances (about 0.21%), zeaxanthin, zeacarotenes, quercetin, isoquercitrin and others flavone derivatives, indolyl-3-iruvic acid and vitamins Bt (up to 0.2 mg%), B2 (about 100 mg%), B6, nicotinic acid (up to 2.6 mg%), pantothenic acid (about 0.7 mg %) and biotin.
© Forest & Kim Starr
Application. The "stigma" of corn is widely used in folk medicine in various countries. "Stigma" have a diuretic, hemostatic and choleretic effect. They increase the secretion of bile, reduce the content of the dye bilirubin in it and accelerate blood clotting. Clinical studies have shown that stigma extract dissolves kidney stones. Water infusion and water-alcohol extract "stigmas" have been tested in many medical institutions in the treatment of diseases of the liver and biliary tract and gave good results.
In folk medicine, the water infusion "stigma" is used as a hemostatic agent for bleeding and inflammatory processes of the uterine appendages and as a diuretic for kidney disease (kidney stones), bladder stones and dropsy.
In scientific medicine, the water infusion "stigma" is used as a choleretic agent for cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder), cholangitis (inflammation of the bile ducts) and hepatitis with delayed bile secretion. Infusion "stigma" is also used as a hemostatic for various bleeding. "Stigma" is also used for cystitis and edema of cardiac origin.
"Stigma" should be stored in a dry place, as dampness decreases their diuretic effect and turns into a laxative.
Recently, special attention has been paid to the oil extracted from the embryos of corn seeds. It contains biologically active substances (phosphatides, sitosterol and others) that have the ability to lower blood cholesterol levels. The consumption of corn oil (up to 75 g per day) evens out the amount of cholesterol in people about its increased content. Oil is used for atherosclerosis.
Method of application.
- 10 g of corn "stigmas" to insist for 1 hour in a sealed container in 1 glass of boiling water, drain. Take 1 tablespoon every 3-4 hours before meals.
- Put the corn kernels cut in half in a clean frying pan and crush with a hot iron object. The resulting dark brown resinous liquid lubricate the affected skin areas with eczema and skin rashes.