How I Grow Peanuts For The Benefit Of Myself And Other Plants. Joint Planting, Varieties. Photo

Table of contents:

How I Grow Peanuts For The Benefit Of Myself And Other Plants. Joint Planting, Varieties. Photo
How I Grow Peanuts For The Benefit Of Myself And Other Plants. Joint Planting, Varieties. Photo

Video: How I Grow Peanuts For The Benefit Of Myself And Other Plants. Joint Planting, Varieties. Photo

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Peanuts Harvesting! This Is Not What I Expected 2023, January
Anonim

Peanuts seem to be one of the most versatile foods around. It can be marinated for a snack. Salted peanuts were also appreciated by many. The oil can be squeezed out of it. Peanut paste in the confectionery industry is used everywhere, like fried grains. And, in general, it can be added to salads, appetizers, first, second courses and dessert - it will be delicious everywhere! It turned out that this is not all of its wonderful capabilities. How to grow peanuts for the benefit of yourself and other plants, I will tell you in this article.

How I grow peanuts for the benefit of myself and other plants
How I grow peanuts for the benefit of myself and other plants

Content:

  • What kind of plant is a peanut?
  • Peanut varieties
  • Features of growing peanuts
  • My peanut experiments
  • The benefits of peanuts for joint plantings with potatoes and tomatoes

What kind of plant is a peanut?

Not even a nut at all, but a legume with pods (beans) that contain seeds, incorrectly called nuts. But it so happened that everywhere it is called a peanut.

The homeland of peanuts is South America. And from there, thanks to the efforts of the Spaniards and the Portuguese, the peanuts spread to other continents. Given its origin, it loves warmth, sun and moderate moisture in the soil.

Peanuts grow in bush, 30-50 cm in height (sometimes 100, but this is not ours). Quite such a normal bean with characteristic yellow flowers, and you will not suspect it of any dirty tricks. And he - bam! And the set fruits are pushed into the ground, tilting the branches down for this purpose. Probably, there, in South America, there are many lovers of young beans and you have to hide them right away. And most likely, peanuts do not rely on anyone to distribute seeds and plant them on their own.

The very process of "pushing the ovaries into the ground" is very curious. The first time I became interested in him at school: I planted a seed of peanuts in a flower pot with loose soil and every day I tracked all stages of growth and development. At that time I had no idea about self-pollination, but, fortunately, the plant coped with it on its own.

After flowering, the peduncle began to sink to the ground and stuck. Nothing more interesting happened on the surface. When the leaves began to dry out, I dug into the ground and on the former peduncles I found a pod with two nuts.

Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) are not even a nut at all, but a legume with pods (beans) that contain seeds, incorrectly called nuts
Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) are not even a nut at all, but a legume with pods (beans) that contain seeds, incorrectly called nuts

Peanut varieties

It is clear that over many years of cultivation, varieties of peanuts have been created that are suitable for different conditions and give grains different in size, density, sweetness and oil content. Most of them have a long growing season and high heat requirements.

There are two main subspecies - Asian and American. The Asian vegetation period is 3-5 months and the seed dormancy period is up to 2 years; American vegetation has 3-5 months and almost no dormant period for seeds. That is, only American subspecies are suitable for us.

In general, on the territory of Russia, peanuts in the open field can be grown from the latitude of Rostov and further south. This is an industrial version. In the amateur field, where eggplants grow, peanuts will grow there. And in the greenhouse, he will not be superfluous.

There are not so many early varieties yet, with a growing season of 100-120 days - "Acorn" and "Perzuvan-462", "Adyg", "Klinsky", "Stepnyak". After 120-140 days "Krasnodarsky-14" will ripen, the same as "Spanish-344", "Valencia Ukrainian", "Valencia 433".

Features of growing peanuts

It is better to grow peanuts by seedling, by sowing 1-2 seeds in cups. Seedlings appear in 2 weeks, bloom in another 3 weeks, by this time it is desirable to plant them in the ground. The more heat and sun, the better the plant develops and bears fruit.

Peanuts are unpretentious to soils, the main conditions are that it should not be sour and loose, but how will he shove his gynophores there? Waterlogging contributes to various diseases and decay of the pods, so it is better to dry than pour.

Since peanuts will take over the surrounding territories as they bear fruit, it is advisable to plant them at a distance of at least 40 cm from each other.

After flowering, it is recommended to huddle - the earth will be loose and closer to the inflorescences. So as not to overstrain, and then bloom. You can huddle several times during the season.

When the leaves begin to droop, you can try to dig a bush with a pitchfork and see what is there? Further according to the situation: if it is rainy and humid, it is better to dig it out, if it is dry, let them sit until the last, that is, until the temperature drops to +5 ° С.

After digging, dry it well, put it in mesh bags and hang it higher in a draft so that no thrifty animals get there.

Peanut shoots appear in 2 weeks
Peanut shoots appear in 2 weeks

My peanut experiments

Everything that is written in the section "Varieties and growing conditions" I learned after I grew peanuts in my garden. I didn’t even look for varietal seeds, I still had a few peanuts that were not fried and half-eaten by my son, bought at the market in Goryachy Klyuch (Krasnodar Territory, we now live here) - large and small. I soaked them in warm water and changed them every day because of the appearance of mucus. Three days later, they were hooked.

I didn't cook the garden, it seemed to me that the determinant early tomatoes were planted quite freely, and I pushed the peanut grains between them. They definitely shouldn't be worse from the neighborhood with legumes, but the benefits can happen.

Since the time of our residence in the Khabarovsk Territory, we have been making fenced beds, raised by 20 centimeters above the soil level. Our soil is clayey, very dense, therefore we do not dig up anything when forming a bed, we put a box on the grass, cover it with cardboard, fill it with small wood debris (bark, branches, sticks), foliage and shells from under the hazels, sprinkling with earth from the drainage ditch. In the spring, add again dry foliage with grass and spill it with EM solution. There is little land proper.

I planted seedlings of tomatoes and seeds of peanuts at the very beginning of May. Two days later, she mulched the whole bed with freshly cut grass and, for all the spring worries, she safely forgot about the peanuts.

I returned to her in two weeks, to throw more freshly cut grass. And then, between the tomatoes, I discovered the characteristic boring of legumes. I had to pay a little attention to them: I planted generously, 3-4 pieces per hole, they all went up. It's a pity, but she pulled out the extra ones, folded them right there, under the tomatoes.

Then, during the summer, I still put grass as mulch, several times my husband watered the entire garden - the summer turned out to be dry. And she laid out the overgrown stalks of tomatoes on the sides of the beds so that the peanuts also got the sun. Although he did not get much - the tomatoes were very good next to the peanuts, they grew in all directions and bore fruit abundantly until frost.

The first bush of peanuts was pulled out by accident in August, the harvest was modest. But there was! And I already thought that the tomatoes finally strangled him. She pulled the rest of the peanuts out in October when she was digging for the sweet potato. The soil is loose, there is grass on top, and the bush, along with the beans, is easily pulled out. With 6 bushes, I got 1.5 kg of beans. For such “cramped” circumstances, this is a good result.

Peanuts were dried next to the sweet potato, sprinkled on newspapers in a thin layer. How much is stored - I don't know, we ate it within a month.

The next year, no longer trusting determinate tomatoes, she planted sprouted peanut grains on garden strawberries. I hoped the peanuts would certainly get more sun here. All my manipulations were closely watched by a jay, from a pebble-step on the slope. I thought she was with good intentions …

Everything became clear when a week later, mulching strawberries with grass and digging into the ground (surprisingly loose in the planting sites!), I did not find a single nut. Since all the peanuts in the house have been eaten by this point and time has passed, the peanut experiment failed miserably last season.

Peanut harvest
Peanut harvest

The benefits of peanuts for joint plantings with potatoes and tomatoes

It turned out that I'm not the only one so smart about joint landings. In 2006-2008. in the Voronezh region, studies were carried out on the mutual influence of plants in the joint planting of peanuts with tomatoes and peanuts with potatoes. The results are very interesting:

  • both in potatoes, and in tomatoes, and in peanuts in joint plantings, the assimilation surface of the leaves noticeably increased in comparison with mono-plantings, on average, by 12%;
  • the maximum yield of peanuts was formed when cultivated with early maturing tomato and potatoes, exceeding the yield of monoplants by 33%;
  • the total yield was higher in plantings of peanuts with late tomatoes;
  • the number of weeds in joint plantings is half that in mono-plantings;
  • late blight disease in joint plantings is 25-30% lower than in monoculture.

That is, peanuts by their mere presence (legumes!) Are able to significantly improve the stability and productivity of garden crops. And the peanut crop is an added bonus.

Popular by topic