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Video: What Should A Gardener Remember To Do In July? Seasonal Gardening. Photo
Well, here is the crown of summer! True, summer this year is kind of strange in all regions: it is hot, then cold. However, the spring was no better. The leap year was marked in full, making life difficult for everyone: for plants - with temperature fluctuations, droughts / showers, and for gardeners - with coronavirus and unusual (due to weather fluctuations) plant diseases. Forecasters cheerfully report that the weather swing in July will continue to swing, we must be prepared for anything. But nothing, we will all get out and get our harvest! This article will be about how to help plants in such an incomprehensible summer, what not to forget to do in the garden, vegetable garden and flower garden. In July, every day has its own worries.
- Fruit trees
- Fruit vines
- Ornamental garden
In most of the country, cherries and cherries ripen in an orchard. Bright berries attract a lot of birds - they sit on the surrounding trees and wires, watch the moment to feast on. And no, they chose several berries and pecked them to the bone, because they try to peck each one! There is no conscience at all.
We need to scare away or protect. The best option for columnar, medium-sized or young trees is to cover them with a bird net. You will have to hang something frightening on big trees: a rustling shiny Christmas tree "rain", rustling and shiny children's "turntables". It's a good idea to arrange for the children to draw big faces with large eyes and hang them on the trees along with shiny discs. In general, decorate your garden so that the birds are surprised to lose their appetite.
After harvesting, you need to ennoble the crowns: those branches that children broke off while climbing a tree, cut down "into a ring", cut out non-fruiting skeletal branches that grow in the wrong place: in July, the laying of flower buds begins next year - let the tree lay them where the gardener needs!
If we are already spinning in an orchard, it is a good idea to pay attention to pests that, under the guise of fighting birds, eat leaves and fruits. The carrion should be removed, the trees, if necessary, sprayed, the traps with mash and beer should be cleaned of the caught "alcoholic" insects and renewed. At the same time, look at the subject of diseases and spray if necessary.
At this time, you need to use either folk methods of combating diseases and pests, or the most crop-friendly drugs with short waiting times.
With a bountiful harvest, when the "branches are breaking" from the fruits, one should not allow them to break! Better to put the props on time.
The budding of the future harvest will be more effective if the trees are fed with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers or ash infusion. Ash infusion is a universal thing: with a strained transparent infusion, you can spray trees and shrubs against many diseases (at the same time feeding on a leaf), and pour the thick under the roots.
And in July, you can already start budding (grafting with a kidney): first, apple trees, pears, plums, cherries, and by the end of the month - peaches and apricots. It's also time to collect the spit-out bones to grow your own rootstock seedlings.
By the end of the month, everywhere except in the south, it is time to stop watering the plants so that the wood has time to ripen by winter.
July is a massive berry harvest. Garden strawberries are already finishing fruiting, remontant varieties are entering the second circle. After collecting and harvesting everything that has not been eaten, the plantation should not be left without care: if it is supposed to update the berry, pin the mustache from the intended bushes tightly to the ground, no more than 2 - 3 pieces, cut off the rest so that the plants do not deplete. Ash infusion will be very appropriate here too: from diseases, from pests, and as a top dressing that stimulates the growth of the root system.
Currants - black, red, white, golden, are also ready for picking, you need not miss the moment: in rainy weather, the berries can burst, and in dry weather, they crumble. And do not think that you do not need it so much when children categorically refuse to collect it! Still as needed!
At one time, when I was looking for a use for white currants, which no one ate, and my husband did not let me uproot it, it turned out that white currant puree is an amazing marinade for kebabs! Red, by the way, too. And from black it is good, also to get a flavor, only the meat becomes crimson-red-violet, you need to get used to it. After this application, the currants became even small. For winter kebabs, I freeze it in portioned containers.
Gooseberries and yoshta are also not lagging behind, they require collection, eating and processing. All these shrubs should be regularly inspected for diseases and pests. For the prevention of powdery mildew, it is very good to spray currant and gooseberry bushes with milk whey diluted with a double amount of water once every 2-3 weeks.
Raspberries and blackberries begin to pull up immediately after the currants. Here, one collection, as with red currants, you will not get off: every day you have to go and collect. Finely grind substandard raspberries in a blender and add to white currant puree - kebabs will be more aromatic!
By the end of the month (in the south - at the beginning), the tall blueberry, which is not very common in gardens, but is very popular on the market, will ripen. The plant is unpretentious, fruitful, the berries are tasty, so if someone has not planted it yet, you can start looking at this plant.
Early grape varieties in the south already bear fruit in July, in other regions they bloom and set fruit. In all cases, this liana requires hands: where it blooms, break off excess shoots and flower brushes. Don't be greedy! Two brushes on a shoot means getting berries that are half as small as possible. Where it is poured, remove excess leaves, stepsons and shoots so that the bush is not distracted where it is not necessary. Extra leaves - for dolma, young shoots - eat in a salad or ferment. Dolma leaves can also be preserved. For this, several pieces of them are rolled into tubes, and the tubes are already salted or pickled.
By the way, when I saw the price of a jar with canned grape leaves in the store, I was shocked. Although, considering that the leaves, shoots and skins of grape berries contain resveratrol, the basis of the "French paradox", it probably makes sense to include all grape parts more actively in the diet.
To prevent powdery mildew, which also loves grapes, along with gooseberries and currants, it is a good idea to sprinkle the bushes with diluted whey.
After flowering, the grapes need to be fed with potash fertilizers - the berries will be sweeter. And you can, again, with an ash solution on the leaf and at the root: it will be absorbed faster along the leaf, and at the root it will also feed a bunch of useful microorganisms. And the composition of the ash is much richer than any mineral fertilizer.
Actinidia requires a lot of atmospheric moisture, so it would be nice to mulch the trunk circle and regularly moisten it: evaporating, the water will provide the necessary conditions for this moisture-loving Far East.
By the end of July, some varieties of actinidia kolomikta begin to ripen - you need not miss the harvest: ripe berries quickly become soft and crumble. It is better to collect them a little unripe - they will lie at home in a box and ripen.
Lemongrass in July actively develops the surrounding space with shoots - it must be removed in a timely manner if the growth of the bush is not limited when planting.
Looking at how the blackberry grows, I also want to attribute it to fruit vines. But it is listed in the bushes …
July in the garden is a harvest. Somewhere - the first potatoes, and somewhere already and eggplants. The delight of young potatoes with fresh and lightly salted cucumbers is replaced by hot sometimes garden preparations, when seditious thoughts creep in: why do we need so much? It's okay, it will pass, in winter it will even be thought that it was possible to make seams.
Therefore, the seditious thoughts away, we sow again! The first decade of July is a good time to plant turnips, winter radish, daikon, Chinese cabbage. And also to continue the green conveyor - dill, cilantro, lettuce, spinach. It is not at all necessary to prepare new beds for this, you can sow vegetables between the rows of onions. In August, after pulling out the onion, the plants will just begin to form and grow roots. But this number does not work with garlic - the garlic sits deeply and you just can't pull it out, most often you have to dig.
Speaking of onions and garlic: Broken onion arrows will do a great job when wrapped around the cabbage. But you must first break or crush, so that the juice stands out - to scare away slugs and butterflies. Throw the trimmings from the arrows of garlic (you can eat the arrows!) Throw in the same place. However, not necessarily in cabbage, you can also in garden strawberries - from weevils.
Not only sowing and planting, but also harvesting must be done in a timely manner: before you have time to look back, the pea pods have turned yellow, the green beans have lost their juiciness and are pouring seeds, cucumbers and zucchini have become like piglets, and the squash have become quite roomy flying saucers. In an amicable way, the morning in the garden and vegetable garden should begin with going around and writing down (!) What needs to be done. At the same time, you can admire the morning garden - then, as a rule, there is not enough time.
Tomatoes require regular pinching and garters, and often preventive treatment for powdery mildew, especially where the air is stagnant and damp. Prevention, as with currants, is well done with diluted serum. Use the torn lower leaves and stepchildren for infusions from pests. At the end of the month, in those regions where August is the last real month of summer, it is advisable to cut off the tops of tomatoes - let them pour the fruits that are already there, and not be distracted by new growth and flowering.
Cucumbers in July require almost daily harvest. And a careful examination for diseases - they develop rapidly on cucumbers.
By the end of the month, it is good to shake off the soil from the onion heads, so the bulbs are poured better. Winter garlic by cracking flowering heads (half-eaten arrows left as markers) signals that it must be dug up within a week.
In July, it is regularly necessary to shorten the lashes of pumpkins, watermelons and melons, pinching over the third leaf after the ovary - again, so that they do not get distracted by nonsense, but pour the fruits. This should be done when the ovary is finally formed and has grown a little: small ovaries sometimes rot and fall off.
It is good to feed all vegetables with ash infusion, leafy ones - mixed with weed infusion.
It 's time to dry, salt, freeze medicinal, green, spicy plants, in general, to harvest in every possible way. And, again, weeding - there is less of it in July than in June, but you shouldn't forget about it.
In potatoes that have faded, it is better to break off the ovaries - the plant spends a lot of energy on the formation of seeds, it does not need it, let it grow tubers. At the same time, we inspect the bushes for the presence of the Colorado potato beetle or the 28-point ladybug, here delay is unacceptable: you will not have time to taste the first potatoes, but they are already eating up the bushes.
More about potatoes: after moving to the Kuban, I was very surprised by the complete digging of young potato bushes for food. In the Far East, it is customary to dig in potatoes, that is, digging your hand under a bush, find and cut off large tubers. And let the bushes grow further, there is still a lot of time.
When pouring tubers, potatoes require enough moisture - you can, of course, water it regularly, but it is better to mulch with a thick layer of cut grass and then there will be many times less problems with watering. In the Kuban, the mown grass helps us a lot, in dry July and August we water it two or three times.
And also July is blooming. Lush, exuberant, wasteful. Which also requires care, moreover, about those who are preparing for flowering, and about those who are blooming, and about those who have finished.
Finished flowering, and for a long time, tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, spring small-bulbous. Somewhere they have already been dug, but somewhere the foliage has just dried up. In any case, at the beginning of July, all bulbs should be dug up, dried, arranged according to varieties, and left to warm up in a shaded, but very warm and dry place.
Landings of non-dug ephemeroids, where the foliage is still visible, must be marked so as not to trample on this place once again, and not to dig it inadvertently. If the foliage is not visible, photographs will help.
By the way, when you walk around the site in the morning, it is very useful to photograph your plants, starting with fruit plants and ending with decorative ones - it helps you then orient yourself by the timing of flowering, fruiting, planting site, varieties, etc. And determine the disease.
Cut off flower stalks of faded peonies, feed with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, mulch - let them prepare for the next flowering.
Provide a garter for tall plants with large inflorescences - predicted and unpredictable rain and wind can negate all growing efforts.
Roses require not only regular pruning of faded stems to the first true leaf (five leaves), removal of non-varietal root growth (differing shoots with seven leaves), but also regular spraying against fungal diseases. And also feeding with infusion of ash (for this you need to eat more kebabs!) Or phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
Faded stems must be removed from all plants, if seed pods are not provided for in the design - a lot of energy is spent on seed formation to the detriment of flowering. In addition, they greatly spoil the impression: in daylilies, wilted flowers look like sloppy rags, in lilies, ankle stalks look pathetic and lonely. Shrubs, for the most part, also do not add decorativeness.
Hosts that delight with powerful catchy foliage need to be protected from slugs and snails, which do not understand anything in design and eat them in the most prominent places. Onion arrows, finely chopped right under the leaves, will help, and later - the stems of thyme and sage cut off after flowering, which did not get into tea or seasoning, will help.
Dahlias, unlike many flowering ones, can be fed with urea or mullein infusion - they grow very actively and require a lot of nitrogen.
If there are new perennials and biennials in the plans for next year, it's time to sow them so that they will get stronger by winter.
And July is also wonderful warm evenings, when hawk moths flock to the intoxicating aroma of blooming honeysuckle and hang over the flowers. Fireflies twinkle in the dark like tiny golden stars. We must have time to enjoy all this!