Adaptation Of Indoor Roses. Rose Care At Home. Photo

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Adaptation Of Indoor Roses. Rose Care At Home. Photo
Adaptation Of Indoor Roses. Rose Care At Home. Photo

Video: Adaptation Of Indoor Roses. Rose Care At Home. Photo

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Indoor Rose Growing Tips 2023, February
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Who among us has not at least once been tempted by the beauty of a miniature rose in a flower shop? I remember how I, having come for a bouquet, left instead of him with a pot of a small sweet rose. And to someone such a gift was presented by colleagues, a loved one, grateful clients or students. But not everyone managed to make friends with a rose on their windowsill and now thinks of her as a capricious and quarrelsome sissy. In this article, I want to give answers to questions that often arise when keeping a miniature rose indoors. And a professional rose grower, the mistress of a luxurious garden with 270 types of collection roses - Julia Tadeusz will help me with this.

Adapting roses
Adapting roses

Content:

  • What kind of roses do we buy?
  • How can you help the rose to adapt?
  • Basic rose care at home
  • Preparation and care in winter

What kind of roses do we buy?

J. Tadeusz: “Most often, various varieties of miniature roses are sold as pot roses. These are Cordana roses, which are characterized by compact bushes and small flowers. Similar to them are Turbo roses, but with larger flowers, and Patio roses. Patio roses are a group of garden roses that are also successfully grown in the garden. They are characterized by larger bushes and the flower itself than those of miniature roses."

Potted roses bought in a flower shop have the property of continuous flowering from May to October and have a compact shape, growing up to 15-25 cm.The size of their flowers does not exceed 1.5-2 cm in diameter, they have a variety of colors, doubleness and fullness of the bud, and often the aroma.

The age of such plants is only 2-3.5 months from rooting. As a rule, they are sold planted in 4 pieces in 10 cm pots or 3 pieces in 6 cm pots. They have not really grown stronger yet, but here it is such stress - the change of the comfortable conditions of professional greenhouses for the far from ideal conditions of our apartments.

Miniature roses
Miniature roses
Rose Cordana
Rose Cordana
Rose Patio
Rose Patio

J. Tadeusz: “Before buying, carefully examine the bush, its condition largely depends on how long it will live with you. Only very experienced growers can pull out a completely weakened plant. First of all, inspect the shoots and leaves. Shoots should not have black spots, this may indicate the presence of a fungal disease. Leaves should be green, dense and shiny in appearance and adhere well to the shoots. White bloom on the leaves indicates a disease with powdery mildew, brown or black spots - about fungal rose spots. A yellow color and shedding of foliage means that the plant is depleted or has been overflowed. Be sure to check for pests. Indoor roses can be affected by the scale insect, mealybug and the scourge of indoor roses - the spider mite."

How can you help the rose to adapt?

As soon as the rose gets into your house, immediately free it from the plastic cup in which it is often sold. Clean the surface of the soil from fallen leaves and carefully examine the plant for diseases and pests. Remember that the first 2-3 weeks after purchasing a rose will be the most difficult and stressful. Be prepared that the rose can shed all the buds and flowers, and even the leaves. But after the adaptation period has expired, the rose starts to grow and blooms again after 1-1.5 months.

J. Tadeusz: “Start caring for your rose immediately after purchase. Even if outwardly you did not find any pests, immediately after you bring the rose home, wash it under a warm shower. This will be a good prevention against spider mites. It is even better to treat the rose prophylactically with a systemic pest drug Aktara. You just need to remember that Aktara works against almost all pests, except for a tick."

“If you bought a rose that is no longer blooming or that is growing to bloom, you can transplant it immediately. More precisely, do not transplant, but carefully transfer it, without destroying the lump, into a slightly larger pot, adding nutritious soil suitable for roses. It is best to buy a ready-made one. After transplanting, treat the roses several times with growth stimulants - Epin or Zircon."

Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew
Fungal spot
Fungal spot
Healthy rose
Healthy rose

Basic rose care at home

Location

The rose is used to growing in open areas with intense sunlight. Therefore, for its room maintenance, it is necessary to choose the sunniest windowsill with the maximum number of such hours. The best for the rose will be the western and eastern windows.

Watering

Constantly moist soil is a guarantee of long flowering and longevity of the rose. It is worth watering regularly after the superficial drying of the coma, never allowing the pot to dry out in a pan with water. Souring occurs when the pot is in a pan with water for a day or two and the soil "gets wet", like laundry in a basin before washing. The most reliable indicator that will help determine the degree of moisture is light finger pressure on the soil. If, with pressure, water appears under the finger, or the finger feels that the soil is clearly moist, watering can be skipped. If the finger is dry, it's time to water. It is worth doing this every day to be sure that the soil is moist. Water the rose with settled water at room temperature or slightly warm. The most optimal watering method is from the top to the ground. And do not forget to remove excess drained water from the sump.

Nutrition

Rose is a real "glutton"! In indoor conditions, it is better to "feed" the rose with universal, complex or organic fertilizers for flowering plants. It is fed from March to October once every 7-10 days with a nutrient solution at the concentration specified in the instructions.

Y. Tadeusz: “As for dressing. Of the fertilizers, I prefer Bona Forte for roses, it contains all the necessary trace elements. You can process both on the leaf and water at the root."

Transfer

Rose transplant process
Rose transplant process

With regular fertilization in the summer, the soil does not have time to deplete, and it is only worth replanting if the soil has changed its physical properties, for example, it has become heavy or, conversely, like dust, or the plant has clearly grown out of the size of the pot. This should be carried out in February, before the rose wakes up from the winter holiday. Expanded clay is placed at the bottom of the pot, or if there are enough wide holes in the pot to drain excess water, you can do without it. It is also worth planting roses growing in several pieces in one pot. Each rose should have its own individual pot, then it develops evenly and fully.

Rose in a new pot
Rose in a new pot

The soil

Any all-purpose soil or rose special will do. When compiling the substrate, we independently take 2 parts of sod, 1 part of leaf or humus, 1 part of peat or coniferous litter and 0.5 part of sand.

Pruning

The rose is pruned before leaving for the winter. All frail, undeveloped shoots and those that grow inside the bush are cut out. The remaining branches should be shortened, leaving 2-4 lower buds - the more powerful the shoot, the less buds are left. And what should always be remembered when pruning is the value of young basal shoots. New shoots growing from the root are a sign of good health for your rose. Over time, they will replace old ones and take new roots. Indoor rose never gives "blank", fattening shoots, like a garden rose. Such shoots are cherished and cut for the winter for 3-4 buds.

Reproduction

The preparation heteroauxin stimulates root formation and gives the best results when propagating roses by cuttings. It is better to cut the cuttings from May to August, and choose a thickness of 2.5 to 3.5 mm with 2-3 internodes. Pour about 3 cm of water into a transparent glass, dissolve part of the heteroauxin tablet in it (the proportion is indicated on the label) and place the prepared cuttings in it. Such cuttings, as a rule, take root within 2-3 weeks, the main thing is not to change the water at this time, just make up for the evaporated losses. When the roots grow to a length of 1.5-2 cm, the cuttings can be planted in small pots and protected from sunlight for a couple of days. The cuttings that have taken root instantly start growing and, if it is spring time, bloom in the second month after rooting.

Rose taboo

Every now and then I read in different sources that the rose is very fond of spraying and high humidity. Practice shows that these sprays only stimulate the development of various fungal diseases that "eat" the rose in a couple of days. The rose grows well in conditions of standard humidity in any room.

Rose grower-collector Julia Tadeusz
Rose grower-collector Julia Tadeusz

Preparation and care in winter

After heating appears in our apartments in mid-October, and daylight hours become noticeably shorter, our rose clearly begins to mope. Flowers bloom underdeveloped, their number is sharply reduced, and leaves fall at the bush. The best we can do during this period is to give the rose a rest. To do this, in November, watering is slowly reduced to 1-2 times a week, the bush is cut off and sent to a cool room with a temperature of 5-8 ° C until February. Such a place can be a loggia, a basement, a cool storage room or a glazed balcony.

J. Tadeusz: “The main problem is dry air, especially in winter when the plant must hibernate. The place should be sunny, well lit, but not in direct sunlight. In winter, the main problem for indoor roses is central heating. It is best to reduce watering for the winter and put the rose in a bright and cool place. The air temperature should be between 15 and 24C. Light in indoor conditions can be sorely lacking. To do this, you can use fluorescent lamps or special phytolamps. If it is not possible to highlight the plants, then it is best to lower the air temperature even more, to ten degrees, in order to completely slow down the development of the plant. To maintain humidity, you can periodically spray the air next to the roses without splashing on the leaves themselves. To avoid fungal diseases.You can generally arrange real natural conditions for the plant by sending it into a deep sleep, gradually reducing watering to a minimum and lowering the temperature of the content to 0C. The plant will shed its foliage and after that it will no longer need light."

In February, the rose is transferred to a permanent place, and the rose usually shows its readiness for this with swollen buds. At first, watered very carefully, accustoming them to constantly wet soil.

J. Tadeusz: “In the summer, it is optimal to take the rose out into the fresh air, it’s good if you have a balcony. Better yet, take her to the garden, to the dacha and leave there for the entire summer. For roses, fresh air will be ideal conditions for good development and flowering."

Roses on the balcony
Roses on the balcony

Rose, of course, is a girl with a rather capricious temperament - she suffers after changing her home, she can get sick for no reason, she will not forgive us for dry soil through inattention. And he will show his cool temper, throwing off every single bud and flowers. But she sleeps for 3 months, and blooms 7 months a year. Frankly, this is a flower for selfless, tireless lovers of beauty, who begin their day with a raid on all windows with flowers and end it with the meditative pleasure of admiring their plant treasures.

Source - GreenMarket Blog

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