Hotel For Beetles - A Garden House For Beneficial Insects. How To Do It Yourself. Photo

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Hotel For Beetles - A Garden House For Beneficial Insects. How To Do It Yourself. Photo
Hotel For Beetles - A Garden House For Beneficial Insects. How To Do It Yourself. Photo

Video: Hotel For Beetles - A Garden House For Beneficial Insects. How To Do It Yourself. Photo

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Video: Bug Hotel: How to Make a Home for Beneficial Insects 2023, January
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A hotel for garden insects a few years ago could hardly be called a popular landscape object. Performing both practical and decorative functions, such an artificially created refuge for beneficial insects was not at all familiar to many gardeners. Thanks to the efforts of designers who drew attention to the possibility of developing art objects that serve as abode for the smallest inhabitants of the garden, insect houses have become fashionable. But despite all their unique artistic merit, the main task is to increase the number of useful fauna in your garden and preserve valuable insects in general.

Hotel for beetles - garden house for beneficial insects
Hotel for beetles - garden house for beneficial insects

Content:

  • Why do we need houses for beneficial insects?
  • What is a bug hotel?
  • How to make a house for beneficial insects?

Why do we need houses for beneficial insects?

The garden is filled with life by its invisible and largely underestimated inhabitants - birds, insects, various animals. If everyone takes care of attracting birds to the garden, they are fed and provide additional food in the cold season, then insects are often forgotten. But these humble helpful helpers solve many problems in the garden. They not only pollinate plants, but also participate in the invisible fight against pests and even diseases. And beneficial insects should be attracted to the garden no less than butterflies or animals, even if you do not even think about collecting your own honey.

In Europe, and all over the world, they have long been loudly shouting about the problem of preserving bees, whose populations have dramatically decreased, and parks, gardens, zoos are invariably equipped with houses for insects. In our country, almost no one has even heard of the ecological catastrophe threatened by a reduction in the number of beneficial insects. Meanwhile, everyone can and should fight against trouble. And for this there is one only way - to create special shelters - houses, which are called hotels for beneficial insects or simply hotels for beetles.

House for beneficial insects from scrap materials
House for beneficial insects from scrap materials

What is a bug hotel?

A house for beneficial insects, a hotel for beetles, or an insect house is any special building, a small accumulation of materials or a house in which beneficial insects, honey plants and other enemies of garden pests can settle - lacewings, ladybugs, wasters, hoverflies, ground beetles, etc. This is a comprehensive solution to the problem of attracting beneficial insects to your site and preserving their population in nature.

Universal pretty houses, which are actually a warehouse of materials where beneficial insects can equip their home, are counted among the objects of small architecture, along with garden sculptures or gazebos. They can really turn into a modern, stylish and very original garden decoration. Each such house for insects is unique in its own way and will become a bright individual touch in the design of the garden as a whole.

Hollow branches and holes drilled in the log for beneficial insects
Hollow branches and holes drilled in the log for beneficial insects

Such hotels are traditionally given a decorative shape of a house like birdhouses, but of a larger size, filling the internal space with floors of cells in which insects can settle. But it is not necessary to build a house. You can use old boxes, unnecessary old containers for plants, leftover boards, pallets and just bricks with holes-holes.

Materials can be folded into a pyramid, laid out in the form of a wall, built original structures or made a full frame of a house or cottage. The main thing is that the hotel has a roof and walls, which will serve as reliable protection from wind and precipitation. It all depends on your imagination and time. And, of course, the desire to create not just a functional, but also an attractive object that will become a real decoration of the site.

In fact, even modest bundles of brushwood laid out on purpose can be called a hotel for insects. But usually in designs they go much further, realizing their fantasies and tastes. Most often, hotels are made of wood, but any non-synthetic materials will do (and you need to choose non-coniferous wood).

You can make a full-fledged house with rooms, or you can simply knock down a triangle from the boards, dividing the inner space into sections and sections with partitions. By placing in each zone inside the hotel different materials in which insects usually settle, from porous stone and brick to brushwood and bark, choosing filler with holes of different sizes, you will create all the conditions so that over time bees and other beneficial insects have mastered such a house and turned it into a real shelter under the roof.

To protect from birds, sometimes the house is covered with a net on top.

House for beneficial insects, made by hand, from scrap materials
House for beneficial insects, made by hand, from scrap materials

How to make a house for beneficial insects?

The most important thing in arranging a hotel for beetles is to collect materials in which beneficial insects can equip their shelter. You can also use the same type of filler. But they will only be tempted by a certain type of insect, and not different inhabitants of the garden. So if you want to build a real hotel, then you should make sure that a variety of materials with holes of different shapes and sizes are present under the same roof and in the same structure. You can use for garden helpers:

  • drilled pieces of wood with vertical or horizontal strokes;
  • small remains of boards and logs;
  • cones;
  • straw;
  • large sawdust;
  • bark;
  • a variety of plant residues, dry inflorescences or vines;
  • stones and pebbles;
  • spikelets;
  • hollow stems (cereals, bamboo, reeds, sunflowers, corn):
  • clay bricks with holes, etc.
House for beneficial insects made of various materials
House for beneficial insects made of various materials

The materials are applied tightly or smeared with clay so that it does not crumble over time. For bees, the main thing is holes in stones and hollow drilled holes or empty stems so that they can safely hide, settle, lay eggs and, easily closing the cache, expect offspring. Absolutely harmless and very useful osmium bees are attracted to the site by thatched roofs, marsh reeds and other tubular hollow stems in which they create nests for themselves. But they will settle in long drilled holes on a piece of wood. For ladybugs, it is better to spray the materials with sugar syrup. And lacewings adore the cones and dry stems of a variety of vines.

A hotel for insects is always placed in a place protected from precipitation and always on a warm sunny area. In the shade, beneficial insects will not be tempted by your shelter. In the warmer months, insect houses are more art objects than truly functional bait for beneficial insects. They perform their real functions, first of all, in the cold season. In regions with mild winters, they can be placed at any height. But where winters are harsh, garden hotels for beneficial insects are placed so that in winter they can be covered with snow - at most at a meter height or on the ground. Or provide the opportunity to rent a hotel and lower it to the ground.

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