Astrantia Is An Inimitable Perennial That Many Do Not Know About. Planting And Care, Reproduction, Varieties, Photo

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Astrantia Is An Inimitable Perennial That Many Do Not Know About. Planting And Care, Reproduction, Varieties, Photo
Astrantia Is An Inimitable Perennial That Many Do Not Know About. Planting And Care, Reproduction, Varieties, Photo

Video: Astrantia Is An Inimitable Perennial That Many Do Not Know About. Planting And Care, Reproduction, Varieties, Photo

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Once, traveling through the mountains of Karachay-Cherkessia, we met an amazing flower in the forest that looked like stars that had fallen from the sky. The original appearance of the flower made an indelible impression on me and made me know its name. It turned out that the unusual plant bears the name "astrantia", derived from the Greek word "astronomer", which means "star". And the people of Astrania are often called "star". In the gardens of Britain, this native of central and eastern Europe has been grown since the 16th century, but here it is still very rare to find such a flower in the garden.

Astrantia is an inimitable perennial that many do not know about
Astrantia is an inimitable perennial that many do not know about

Content:

  • What does Astrantia look like?
  • Benefits of astrania as a perennial
  • Choosing a landing site and caring for astrania
  • Reproduction Astrantia
  • Astrantia landing
  • Astrantia in landscape design
  • The best varieties of astrania

What does Astrantia look like?

Astrantia bushes reach a height of 60-80 centimeters. The carved leaves of the plant serve as an additional decoration for flower beds, the leaves in the root rosette are lobed, but the leaves sitting on the stem are a bit like carrots or parsley in shape. This is not surprising at all, since Astrantia belong to the same family as carrots.

Before flowering, the bushes are a neat rosette of dense green leaves, which itself looks good in a flower garden. In early summer, high stems with peduncles appear from it.

The main value of the plant is its unique flowers. Even an experienced florist is not easy to guess that this is a representative of the umbrella family. The fluffy center, which looks like many stamens, is actually an umbrella-shaped inflorescence that unites many tiny flowers, and the bracts (leaflets of the wrapper) that frame it, pointed "petals".

Such an unusual appearance, which makes the flowers look like stars or fireworks, is a cunning technique of nature, which allows you to attract pollinating insects to small discreet flowers.

Depending on the variety, astrantia come in a variety of colors: burgundy, various shades of pink, white. In this case, the tips of the bracts always remain greenish.

"Wild" Astrantia dissolves single flowers of a pale pink color, small (no more than 2.5 centimeters) in diameter, in modern varieties, you can find larger flowers, and their inflorescences are more numerous, due to which the total flowering period of this perennial increases.

Astrantia is the perfect partner for roses
Astrantia is the perfect partner for roses

Benefits of astrania as a perennial

In addition to its original appearance, this rare flower has many other positive aspects that contribute to the plant becoming more widespread.

The flowering time of Astrantia is from June to August, and in some varieties there is also a second wave of flowering in September. This is not only a worthy decoration of flower beds, but also a godsend for florists, because Astrantia is cut for a long time (up to two weeks fresh) and forms original combinations with other flowers.

Astrantia is also good as a dried flower, since it, like all umbrella plants, perfectly retains its shape. Cutting Astrantia inflorescences contributes to its longer flowering.

Astrantia is a good honey plant and with its wonderful honey aroma and the appearance of inflorescences attracts many insects to the garden. Thanks to astrantia, multi-colored butterflies will always be present in your garden, because it is very difficult for winged beauties to resist the attractive power of this flower.

This perennial is a hassle-free plant that is suitable for busy gardeners, if you initially choose the optimal planting site for it. Astrania's only requirement is regular watering during drought. But pests and diseases usually bypass this flower.

Astrantia will grow in one place for a long time without transplanting and will delight with its regular flowering. Over time, the bushes will grow in breadth, but the plant is not aggressive, retains a compact shape and does not interfere with the neighbors in the flower garden. This perennial is quite tall, but its dense stems do not require a garter.

Astrantia winters well without any shelter. And it will develop well and endure winters in regions belonging to the 4-9 zone. That is, this perennial is absolutely resistant to the climatic conditions of the middle zone.

A romantic-looking plant, this flower is ideal for nature-style gardens, mixborders and shade gardens. But, in principle, Astrantia is universal and you can find a place for it in any garden.

Dark-colored varieties of intricate "jagged" flowers will add a bit of mysticism to the garden, while pink stars, on the contrary, will add a romantic mood. The most spectacular will be the massive landings of Astrantia.

Dark-colored varieties of intricate "jagged" flowers give the garden a little mysticism
Dark-colored varieties of intricate "jagged" flowers give the garden a little mysticism

Choosing a landing site and caring for astrania

Astrantia easily adapts to any light level and grows well both in full sun (but with sufficient moisture) and in thick shade. However, in the latter case, the plant will have lush foliage, but you should not expect lush flowering. In full shade, the plant will have only single inflorescences.

Ideally, Astrantia should be grown in a location where it can receive several hours of morning sun, but during the day it will receive rarefied sunlight. Therefore, for better growth and flowering, Astrantia should be planted under partial sun, for example, under the canopy of trees with a thin crown.

Astrantia is an ideal perennial for the middle lane. The flower easily resists harsh winters and is able to adapt to a wide range of growing conditions in many regions. However, in the South, where there is too high or, on the contrary, low soil moisture in combination with high temperatures, the flower will not be able to fully develop.

As for the type of soil, Astrantia may well grow on heavy clay soils, but in general this culture prefers slightly acidic, loamy soils that retain moisture well, but have sufficient drainage. It is best to prepare a fertile soil for the plant with enough organic nutrients.

This flower does not tolerate stagnant water, therefore, there should be no accumulation of thawed spring waters in the place of planting of astrantia. However, the plant is very moisture-loving and will not survive long periods of drought. Watering Astrantia should be done regularly and thoroughly to maintain uniform soil moisture.

The tips of the bracts always remain greenish
The tips of the bracts always remain greenish

Reproduction Astrantia

Astrantia reproduces by dividing overgrown bushes. Young plants can also be obtained from seeds. To split Astrantia, dig up an adult specimen in early spring or early fall after flowering is complete. The division can be done with a pitchfork or a shovel, just push the shovel through the earthen ball.

Depending on the size, the bush can be divided into 2 or more parts. For better growth, Astrantia is divided approximately once every 5-6 years, but if necessary, it can be divided more often.

To grow astrantia from seeds, sowing is carried out in the fall, because the seeds of this plant must be exposed to the cold, which will facilitate their germination with the onset of spring. You can sow seeds both in the open ground before winter, and arrange for them to winter in the refrigerator.

At the same time, keep in mind that winter sleep should last at least 2 to 3 months. After this period has expired, the crops are placed in a bright, warm place at a temperature slightly above 20 degrees.

Planting grown seedlings in open ground is carried out in late May and early June. For growing seedlings of Astrania, it is better to choose freshly harvested seeds, since the germination time of seeds also increases with age. A technique called scarification (mechanical disruption of the seed coat) will also help to increase seed germination.

Due to the fact that Astrantia is still a rare guest in our gardens, it is not easy to find plant seeds on sale. But young delenki with an open or closed root system can often be found on sale in specialized stores or nurseries.

The first year after planting, the young planting material grows a rosette of lobed leaves, flowering begins in the second year, and every year more and more flowers bloom on the bush. Sometimes astrantia can give self seeding.

Aerial Astrantia always brings grace, lightness and grace to the flower garden
Aerial Astrantia always brings grace, lightness and grace to the flower garden

Astrantia landing

In the planting hole for astrantia, compost and a little half-rotted foliage must be added; on wet soils at the bottom of the hole, drainage must be arranged. In addition, when planting Astrantia, it is recommended to add coffee grounds. This component will have a beneficial effect on the growth and development of Astrantia, serving as a fertilizer and gently increasing the acidity of the soil. If astrantia is planted in a group, a distance of 30-40 centimeters is maintained between the plants.

Astrantia planting material is planted in a permanent place in early May. Young rosettes are planted 2-2.5 centimeters below the soil surface, the roots are straightened and carefully lowered to the bottom of the planting pit. The plots are sprinkled with a loose substrate and carefully pressed down (it is not recommended to tamp the soil too tightly), after which the plants need to be watered abundantly.

Given the increased demand for moisture levels, it will be useful to mulch freshly planted plantings to prevent moisture evaporation and crust formation. You can use peat, straw or pine bark as mulch.

Astrantia in landscape design

This perennial is a valuable component of mixborders, country gardens, coastal flower beds and forest corners in the garden. Astrantia in the rose garden will set off the beauty of the queen of flowers with a scattering of delicate stars and give rose flower beds a fashionable and original look.

Thanks to medium-sized inflorescences of discreet colors, Astrantia will make a magnificent duet with most perennials. Astrantia is especially magnificent in the company of sedums, ornamental grasses, tall bells, sage, host, astilbe, buzulniks, etc. Aerial Astrantia always brings grace, lightness and grace to the flower garden.

Arrays of Astrantia are best planted on the border of flower beds or along paths in order to be able to see its unique openwork inflorescences up close and breathe in a delicate honey aroma.

Astrantia 'Moulin Rouge'
Astrantia 'Moulin Rouge'
Astrantia 'Sunningdale Variegated'
Astrantia 'Sunningdale Variegated'
Astrantia 'Roma'
Astrantia 'Roma'

The best varieties of astrania

Rhode astrantia includes 8-9 species, but the most popular in ornamental horticulture is astrantia large (Astrantia major). This species has many varieties and hybrids, differing in the height of the bush and the color of the bracts.

Astrantia "Moulin Rouge" is a cultivar with flowers of one of the darkest colors among Astrantia. It is a cultivar with purple flowers in the shape of a pincushion, surrounded by burgundy-red "petals" - pervetniki. Flowering continues from early to late summer. The diameter of the flower is 5 centimeters. The leaves are deeply lobed, dark green. Plant height 75 centimeters.

Astrantia 'Sunningdale Variegated' - This magnificent cultivar is known for its attractive variegated foliage. The cultivar is slightly lower than other Astrances, reaching a height of about 60 centimeters. The flower heads are pinkish-white in color. The bracts usually remain attractive even after flowering.

The light green leaves are distinguished by cream and pale yellow patterns. The leaves may fade a little by mid-summer, but they can be partially cut to stimulate the growth of young variegated foliage. The variety has an award from the Royal Horticultural Society of Britain.

Astrantia 'Roma' is a wonderful variety with charming pale pink flowers that bloom much longer and more abundantly than most other varieties of Astrantia with pink or red buds. The "Roma" variety almost always has a second wave of abundant flowering closer to autumn and will decorate your garden at a time when many summer-flowering perennials stop blooming. Plant height 75 centimeters. Blooms from June to September inclusive. The diameter of the flower is about 5 centimeters.

Astrantia 'White Giant' (also known as 'Superstar') is most likely a white-flowered version of 'Roma' because it produces the same amount of white-green flowers (instead of pink) and blooms for the same length of time as this long-flowering cultivar.

In addition, this variety also has a second wave of flowering in late August and early September. The white inflorescences of the Superstar astrania with small green blotches are a bit like snowflakes or frosty stars. This variety is one of the best for planting in a rose garden, as it will not compete with brightly colored flower queens. The height of the bush is 75 centimeters. The diameter of the flower is 4-5 centimeters. Flowering time is from June to September.

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